List of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – UPSC

In this article, You will read the List of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India – for UPSC IAS.

Wildlife Sanctuaries

Sanctuary is an area that is of adequate ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, natural, or zoological significance. The Sanctuary is declared for the purpose of protecting, propagating, or developing wildlife or its environment. Certain rights of people living inside the Sanctuary could be permitted.

Further, during the settlement of claims, before finally notifying the Sanctuary, the Collector may, in consultation with the Chief Wildlife Warden, allow the continuation of any right of any person in or over any land within the limits of the Sanctuary.

Wildlife sanctuaries of India are classified as IUCN Category IV protected areas.

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 provided for the declaration of certain areas by the State government as wildlife sanctuaries if the area was thought to be of adequate ecological, geomorphological, and natural significance.

As of August 2021, 566 wildlife sanctuaries were established in the country which is 3.72 % of the geographical area of the country.

The oldest bird sanctuary is Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary near Chennai in Tamil Nadu state. It was established in 1796.

List of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India UPSC

List of Wildlife Sanctuaries of India

Name of  Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS)State
Arial Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Bamboo Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Barren Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Battimalv Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Belle Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Benett Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Bingham Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Blister Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Bluff Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Bondoville Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Brush Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Buchanan Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Chanel Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Cinque Islands WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Clyde Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Cone Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Curlew (B.P.) Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Curlew Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Cuthbert Bay WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Defence Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Dot Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Dottrell Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Duncan Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
East Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
East of Inglis Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Egg Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Elat Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Entrance Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Gander Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Girjan Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Galathea Bay WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Goose Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Hump Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Interview Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
James Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Jungle Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Kwangtung Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Kyd Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Landfall Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Latouche Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Lohabarrack (Saltwater Crocodile) WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Mangrove Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Mask Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Mayo Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Megapode Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Montogemery Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Narcondam Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
North Brother Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
North Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
North Reef Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Oliver Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Orchid Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Ox Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Oyster Island-I WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Oyster Island-II WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Paget Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Parkinson Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Passage Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Patric Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Peacock Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Pitman Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Point Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Potanma Islands WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Ranger Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Reef Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Roper Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Ross Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Rowe Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Sandy Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Sea Serpent Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Shark Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Shearme Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Sir Hugh Rose Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Sisters Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Snake Island-I WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Snake Island-II WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
South Brother Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
South Reef Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
South Sentinel Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Spike Island-I WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Spike Island-II WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Stoat Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Surat Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Swamp Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Table (Delgarno) Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Table (Excelsior) Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Talabaicha Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Temple Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Tillongchang Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Tree Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Trilby Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Tuft Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Turtle Islands WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
West Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Wharf Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
White Cliff Island WLSAndaman and Nicobar Islands
Coringa WLSAndhra Pradesh
Gundla Brahmeswaram WLSAndhra Pradesh
Kambalakonda WLSAndhra Pradesh
Koundinya WLSAndhra Pradesh
Kolleru WLSAndhra Pradesh
Krishna WLSAndhra Pradesh
Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam WLSAndhra Pradesh
Nellapattu WLSAndhra Pradesh
Pulicat Lake WLSAndhra Pradesh
Rollapadu WLSAndhra Pradesh
Sri Lankamalleswara WLSAndhra Pradesh
Sri Penusila Narasimha WLSAndhra Pradesh
Sri Venkateswara WLS *Combined area with TelanganaAndhra Pradesh
Kinnersani WLSTelangana
Eturnagaram WLSTelangana
Kawal WLSTelangana
Lanja Madugu Siwaram WLSTelangana
Manjeera Crocodile WLSTelangana
Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam WLSTelangana
Pakhal WLSTelangana
Pocharam WLSTelangana
Pranahita WLS *Combined area with Andhra PradeshTelangana
Barela Jheel Salim Ali Bird WLSBihar
Bhimbandh WLSBihar
Gautam Budha WLSBihar
Kanwarjheel WLSBihar
Kaimur WLSBihar
Kusheshwar Asthan Bird WLSBihar
Nagi Dam WLSBihar
Nakti Dam WLSBihar
Pant (Rajgir) WLSBihar
Udaipur WLSBihar
Valmiki WLSBihar
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin WLSBihar
City Birds WLSChandigarh
Sukhna Lake WLSChandigarh
Achanakmar WLSChhattisgarh
Badalkhol WLSChhattisgarh
Barnawapara WLSChhattisgarh
Bhairamgarh WLSChhattisgarh
Bhoramdev WLSChhattisgarh
Sarangarh-Gomardha WLSChhattisgarh
Pamed Wild Buffalo WLSChhattisgarh
Semarsot WLSChhattisgarh
Sitanadi WLSChhattisgarh
Tamor Pingla WLSChhattisgarh
Udanti Wild Buffalo WLSChhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli WLSDadra Nagar Haveli
Fudam WLSDaman and Diu
Bondla WLSGoa
Chorao Island (Dr.Salim Ali ) WLS (Bird)Goa
Cotigaon WLSGoa
Madei WLSGoa
Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) WLSGoa
Netravali WLSGoa
Abubshehar WLSHaryana
Bhindawas WLSHaryana
Bir Shikargarh WLSHaryana
Chhilchila WLSHaryana
Kalesar WLSHaryana
Khaparwas WLSHaryana
Morni Hills (Khol-Hi-Raitan) WLSHaryana
Nahar WLSHaryana
Balaram Amji WLSGujarat
Barda WLSGujarat
Gaga Great Indian Bustard WLSGujarat
Gir WLSGujarat
Girnar WLSGujarat
Hingolgadh Nature Reserve WLSGujarat
Jambugodha WLSGujarat
Jessore WLSGujarat
Lala Great Indian Bustard WLSGujarat
Kachchh Desert WLSGujarat
Khijadiya WLSGujarat
Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) WLSGujarat
Mitiyala WLSGujarat
Nal Sarovar Bird WLSGujarat
Narayan Sarovar (Chinkara) WLSGujarat
Paniya WLSGujarat
Porbandar Lake WLSGujarat
Purna WLSGujarat
Rampara Vidi WLSGujarat
Ratanmahal WLSGujarat
Shoolpaneswar (Dhumkhal) WLSGujarat
Thol Lake WLSGujarat
Wild Ass WLSGujarat
Bandli WLSHimachal Pradesh
Chail WLSHimachal Pradesh
Chandratal WLSHimachal Pradesh
Churdhar WLSHimachal Pradesh
Daranghati WLSHimachal Pradesh
Dhauladhar WLSHimachal Pradesh
Gamgul Siyabehi WLSHimachal Pradesh
Kais WLSHimachal Pradesh
Kalatop-Khajjiar WLSHimachal Pradesh
Kanawar WLSHimachal Pradesh
Khokhan WLSHimachal Pradesh
Kibber WLSHimachal Pradesh
Kugti WLSHimachal Pradesh
Lippa Asrang WLSHimachal Pradesh
Majathal WLSHimachal Pradesh
Manali WLSHimachal Pradesh
Nargu WLSHimachal Pradesh
Pong Dam Lake WLSHimachal Pradesh
Renuka WLSHimachal Pradesh
Rupi Bhaba WLSHimachal Pradesh
Sainj WLSHimachal Pradesh
Sangla Valley (Rakchham Chitkul) WLSHimachal Pradesh
Sech Tuan Nala WLSHimachal Pradesh
Shikari Devi WLSHimachal Pradesh
Shimla Water Catchment WLSHimachal Pradesh
Talra WLSHimachal Pradesh
Tirthan WLSHimachal Pradesh
Tundah WLSHimachal Pradesh
Baltal-Thajwas WLSJammu and Kashmir
Changthang Cold Desert WLSJammu and Kashmir
Gulbarga WLSJammu and Kashmir
Hirapora WLSJammu and Kashmir
Hokersar WLSJammu and Kashmir
Jasrota WLSJammu and Kashmir
Karakoram (Nubra Shyok) WLSJammu and Kashmir
Lachipora WLSJammu and Kashmir
Limber WLSJammu and Kashmir
Nandni WLSJammu and Kashmir
Overa Aru WLSJammu and Kashmir
Rajparian  (Daksum) WLSJammu and Kashmir
Ramnagar Rakha WLSJammu and Kashmir
Surinsar Mansar WLSJammu and Kashmir
Trikuta WLSJammu and Kashmir
Dalma WLSJharkhand
Gautam Buddha WLSJharkhand
Hazaribagh WLSJharkhand
Koderma WLSJharkhand
Lawalong WLSJharkhand
Mahauadanr WLSJharkhand
Palamau WLSJharkhand
Palkot WLSJharkhand
Parasnath WLSJharkhand
Topchanchi WLSJharkhand
Udhwa Lake WLSJharkhand
Adichunchunagiri WLSKarnataka
Arabithittu WLSKarnataka
Attiveri WLSKarnataka
Bhadra WLSKarnataka
Bhimgad WLSKarnataka
Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple (B.R.T.) WLSKarnataka
Brahmagiri WLSKarnataka
Cauvery WLSKarnataka
Chincholi WLSKarnataka
Dandeli WLSKarnataka
Daroji Bear WLSKarnataka
Ghataprabha Bird WLSKarnataka
Gudavi WLSKarnataka
Gudekote Sloth Bear WLSKarnataka
Malai Mahadeshwara WLSKarnataka
Melkote Temple WLSKarnataka
Mookambika WLSKarnataka
Nugu WLSKarnataka
Pushpagiri WLSKarnataka
Ranebennur Black Buck WLSKarnataka
Ranganathittu Bird WLSKarnataka
Ramadevara Betta Vulture WLSKarnataka
Rangayyanadurga Four-horned antelopeKarnataka
Sharavathi Valley WLSKarnataka
Shettihalli WLSKarnataka
Someshwara WLSKarnataka
Talakaveri WLSKarnataka
Jogimatti WLSKarnataka
Thimlapura WLSKarnataka
Yadahalli Chinkara WLSKarnataka
Aralam WLSKerala
Chimmony WLSKerala
Chinnar WLSKerala
Chulannur Peafowl WLSKerala
Idukki WLSKerala
Kottiyoor WLSKerala
Kurinjimala WLSKerala
Malabar WLSKerala
Mangalavanam Bird WLSKerala
Neyyar WLSKerala
Parambikulam WLSKerala
Peechi-Vazhani WLSKerala
Peppara WLSKerala
Periyar WLSKerala
Shendurney WLSKerala
Thattekad Bird WLSKerala
Wayanad WLSKerala
Pitti WLS (Bird)Lakshadweep
Bagdara WLSMadhya Pradesh
Bori WLSMadhya Pradesh
Gandhi Sagar WLSMadhya Pradesh
Ghatigaon WLSMadhya Pradesh
Karera WLSMadhya Pradesh
Ken Gharial WLSMadhya Pradesh
Kheoni WLSMadhya Pradesh
Narsighgarh WLSMadhya Pradesh
National Chambal WLSMadhya Pradesh
Noradehi WLSMadhya Pradesh
Orcha WLSMadhya Pradesh
Pachmarhi WLSMadhya Pradesh
Kuno WLSMadhya Pradesh
Panna (Gangau) WLSMadhya Pradesh
Panpatha WLSMadhya Pradesh
Pench WLSMadhya Pradesh
Phen WLSMadhya Pradesh
Ralamandal WLSMadhya Pradesh
Ratapani WLSMadhya Pradesh
Sailana WLSMadhya Pradesh
Sanjay Dubri WLSMadhya Pradesh
Sardarpur WLSMadhya Pradesh
Singhori WLSMadhya Pradesh
Son Gharial WLSMadhya Pradesh
Veerangna Durgawati WLSMadhya Pradesh
Amba Barwa WLSMaharashtra
Andhari WLSMaharashtra
Aner Dam WLSMaharashtra
Bhamragarh WLSMaharashtra
Bhimashankar WLSMaharashtra
Bor WLSMaharashtra
Chaprala WLSMaharashtra
Deolgaon-Rehkuri WLSMaharashtra
Dhyanganga WLSMaharashtra
Gautala- Autramghat  WLSMaharashtra
Great Indian Bustard WLSMaharashtra
Jaikwadi WLSMaharashtra
Kalsubai Harishchandragad WLSMaharashtra
Karnala WLSMaharashtra
Karanja Sohal Blackbuck WLSMaharashtra
Katepurna WLSMaharashtra
Koyana WLSMaharashtra
Lonar WLSMaharashtra
Malvan Marine WLSMaharashtra
Mansingdeo WLSMaharashtra
Mayureswar Supe WLSMaharashtra
Melghat WLSMaharashtra
Nagzira WLSMaharashtra
Naigaon Mayur WLSMaharashtra
Nandur Madhameshwar WLSMaharashtra
Narnala Bird WLSMaharashtra
Nawegaon WLSMaharashtra
New Bor WLSMaharashtra
New Nagzira WLSMaharashtra
Painganga WLSMaharashtra
Phansad WLSMaharashtra
Radhanagari WLSMaharashtra
Sagareshwar WLSMaharashtra
Tansa WLSMaharashtra
Thane Creek Flamingo WLSMaharashtra
Tipeshwar WLSMaharashtra
Tungareshwar WLSMaharashtra
Yawal WLSMaharashtra
Yedsi Ramlin Ghat WLSMaharashtra
Umred-Kharngla WLSMaharashtra
Wan WLSMaharashtra
Gangewadi New Great Indian Bustard WLSMaharashtra
Badrama WLSOrissa
Baisipalli WLSOrissa
Balukhand Konark WLSOrissa
Bhitarkanika WLSOrissa
Chandaka Dampara WLSOrissa
Chilika (Nalaban) WLSOrissa
Debrigarh WLSOrissa
Gahirmatha (Marine) WLSOrissa
Hadgarh WLSOrissa
Karlapat WLSOrissa
Khalasuni WLSOrissa
Kotagarh WLSOrissa
Kuldiha WLSOrissa
Sunabeda WLSLakhari Valley WLSOrissaOrissa
Nandankanan WLSOrissa
Satkosia Gorge WLSOrissa
Simlipal WLSOrissa
Kapilash WLSOrissa
Abohar WLSPunjab
Bir Aishvan WLSPunjab
Bir Bhadson WLSPunjab
Bir Bunerheri WLSPunjab
Bir Dosanjh WLSPunjab
Bir Gurdialpura WLSPunjab
Bir Mehaswala WLSPunjab
Bir Motibagh WLSPunjab
Harike Lake WLSPunjab
Jhajjar Bacholi WLSPunjab
Kathlaur Kushlian WLSPunjab
Takhni-Rehampur WLSPunjab
Nangal WLSPunjab
Oussudu WLSPondicherry
Bandh Baratha WLSRajasthan
Bassi WLSRajasthan
Bhensrodgarh WLSRajasthan
Darrah WLSRajasthan
Jaisamand WLSRajasthan
Jamwa Ramgarh WLSRajasthan
Jawahar Sagar WLSRajasthan
Kailadevi WLSRajasthan
Kesarbagh WLSRajasthan
Kumbhalgarh WLSRajasthan
Mount Abu WLSRajasthan
Nahargarh WLSRajasthan
National Chambal WLSRajasthan
Phulwari Ki Nal WLSRajasthan
Ramgarh Vishdhari WLSRajasthan
Ramsagar WLSRajasthan
Sajjangarh WLSRajasthan
Sariska WLSRajasthan
Sawaimadhopur WLSRajasthan
Sawai Man Singh WLSRajasthan
Shergarh WLSRajasthan
Sitamata WLSRajasthan
Tal Chhapper WLSRajasthan
Todgarh Raoli WLSRajasthan
Van Vihar WLSRajasthan
Cauvery North WLSTamilNadu
Chitrangudi Bird WLSTamilNadu
Gangaikondam Spotted Dear WLSTamilNadu
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) WLSTamilNadu
Kalakad WLSTamilNadu
Kanjirankulam Bird WLSTamilNadu
Kanyakumari WLSTamilNadu
Karaivetti WLSTamilNadu
Karikili WLSTamilNadu
Kodaikanal WLSTamilNadu
Koonthankulam-Kadankulam WLSTamilNadu
Melaselvanoor-Keelaselvanoor WLSTamilNadu
Mudumalai WLSTamilNadu
Mundanthurai WLSTamilNadu
Nellai WLSTamilNadu
Oussudu Lake Bird SanctuaryTamilNadu
Point Calimere WLSTamilNadu
Pulicat Lake WLSTamilNadu
Satyamangalam WSTamilNadu
Srivilliputhur Grizzled SquirrelWLSTamilNadu
Udayamarthandapuram Lake WLSTamilNadu
Vaduvoor WLSTamilNadu
Vedanthangal WLSTamilNadu
Vellanadu (Blackbuck) WLSTamilNadu
Vellode WLSTamilNadu
Vettangudi WLSTamilNadu
Megamalai  WLSTamilNadu
Theerthangal  WLSTamilNadu
Sakkarakottai  WLSTamilNadu
Bakhira WLSUttar Pradesh
Chandraprabha WLSUttar Pradesh
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Bird WLSUttar Pradesh
Hastinapur WLSUttar Pradesh
Kaimur WLSUttar Pradesh
Katerniaghat WLSUttar Pradesh
Kishanpur WLSUttar Pradesh
Lakh Bahosi Bird WLSUttar Pradesh
Mahavir Swami WLSUttar Pradesh
National Chambal WLSUttar Pradesh
Nawabganj WLSUttar Pradesh
Okhala Bird WLSUttar Pradesh
Parvati Aranga WLSUttar Pradesh
Patna WLSUttar Pradesh
Ranipur WLSUttar Pradesh
Saman Bird WLSUttar Pradesh
Samaspur WLSUttar Pradesh
Sandi Bird WLSUttar Pradesh
Sohagibarwa WLSUttar Pradesh
Sohelwa WLSUttar Pradesh
Sur Sarovar WLSUttar Pradesh
Jai Prakash Narayan (Surhatal) Bird WLSUttar Pradesh
Turtle WLSUttar Pradesh
Vijai Sagar WLSUttar Pradesh
Pilibhit WLSUttar Pradesh
Askot Musk Deer WLSUttarakhand
Nandhaur WLSUttarakhand
Binsar WLSUttarakhand
Govind Pashu Vihar WLSUttarakhand
Kedarnath WLSUttarakhand
Mussoorie WLSUttarakhand
Sonanadi WLSUttarakhand
Ballavpur WLSWest Bengal
Bethuadahari WLSWest Bengal
Bibhuti Bhusan WLSWest Bengal
Buxa WLSWest Bengal
Chapramari WLSWest Bengal
Chintamani Kar BirdSanctuaryWest Bengal
Haliday Island WLSWest Bengal
Jorepokhri SalamanderWLSWest Bengal
Lothian Island WLSWest Bengal
Mahananda WLSWest Bengal
Raiganj WLSWest Bengal
Ramnabagan WLSWest Bengal
Sajnakhali WLSWest Bengal
Senchal WLSWest Bengal
West Sunderban WLSWest Bengal
Asola Bhati (Indira Priyadarshini) WLSDelhi
D’Ering Memorial (Lali) WLSArunachal Pradesh
Dibang WLSArunachal Pradesh
Eagle Nest WLSArunachal Pradesh
Itanagar WLSArunachal Pradesh
Kamlang WLSArunachal Pradesh
Kane WLSArunachal Pradesh
Mehao WLSArunachal Pradesh
Pakhui/ Pakke WLSArunachal Pradesh
Sessa Orchid WLSArunachal Pradesh
Tale Valley WLSArunachal Pradesh
Yordi-Rabe Supse WLSArunachal Pradesh
Amchang WLSAssam
Barail WLSAssam
Barnadi WLSAssam
Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni WLSAssam
Burachapori WLSAssam
Chakrashila WLSAssam
Deepor Beel WLSAssam
Dihing Patkai WLSAssam
East Karbi Anglong WLSAssam
Garampani WLSAssam
Hollongapar Gibbon WLSAssam
Lawkhowa WLSAssam
Marat Longri WLSAssam
Nambor WLSAssam
Nambor Doigrung WLSAssam
Porbitora WLSAssam
Pani-Dihing Bird WLSAssam
Sonai Rupai WLSAssam
Dampa WLS (TR)Mizoram
Khawnglung WLSMizoram
Lengteng WLSMizoram
Ngengpui WLSMizoram
Pualreng WLSMizoram
Tawi WLSMizoram
Thorangtlang WLSMizoram
Tokalo WLSMizoram
Khongjaingamba Ching WLSManipur
Yangoupokpi-Lokchao WLSManipur
BarseyRhododendronWLSSikkim
Fambong Lho WLSSikkim
Kitam WLS (Bird)Sikkim
Kyongnosla Alpine WLSSikkim
Maenam WLSSikkim
Pangolakha WLSSikkim
Shingba (Rhododendron) WLSSikkim
Fakim WLSNagaland
Puliebadze WLSNagaland
Rangapahar WLSNagaland
Baghmara Pitcher Plant WLSMeghalaya
Nongkhyllem WLSMeghalaya
Siju WLSMeghalaya
Narpuh WLSMeghalaya
Gumti WLSTripura
Rowa WLSTripura
Sepahijala WLSTripura
Trishna WLSTripura

Nagarjuna Sagar-Srisailam WLS is calculated two times Andhra Pradesh & Telangana.


Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary

  • Gahirmatha is the mass nesting spot in Indian Ocean region and the only turtle sanctuary in Odisha.
  • It is the world’s largest nesting beach of Olive Ridley Sea Turtles.
  • Gahirmatha was declared a turtle sanctuary in 1997 by the Odisha government after considering its ecological importance and as part of efforts to save the sea turtles.
  • It extends from the Dhamra River mouth in the north to the Brahmani river mouth in the south.
  • The wetland is represented by 3 Protected Areas, the Bhitarkanika National Park, the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary.

Olive Ridley Turtle

  • The Olive ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, inhabiting warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
  • These turtles are carnivores and get their name from their olive-colored carapace.
  • They are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.
  • The olive ridley turtles turn up in millions for mass nesting along the Odisha coast every year namely at three river mouths: Dhamara, Devi, and Rushikulya.
  • The species is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List, Appendix 1 in CITES, and Schedule 1 in Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  • Five species of sea turtles are known to inhabit Indian coastal waters and islands.
    • Olive Ridley turtle
    • Green turtle
    • Hawksbill turtle
    • Loggerhead turtle
    • Leatherback turtle
  • Except, the Loggerhead, the remaining four species nest along the Indian coast.
gahirmatha marine sanctuary upsc

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