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Himachal Pradesh National Parks
Himachal Pradesh National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries & Ramsar Sites Map Great Himalayan National Park
National Park (GHNP) is located on the Kullu Valley (formed by Beas River). It is at the
junction of the world’s two major biogeographic realms: the Indomalayan realm to the south and the Palearctic realm to the north. It was constituted in 1984 and was formally notified as a national park in 1999.
It is a
. UNESCO World Heritage Site Topography: The park is a stunning mix of lush
coniferous forests, meadows, glaciers and mountain peaks. Vegetation: Ranges from temperate to subalpine.
Major Flora: Spruces, horse chestnuts, alpine meadows.
Bharal (blue sheep), snow leopard (VU), Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr. The boundaries of GHNP are also contiguous with: the
Pin Valley National Park in the Trans-Himalaya range, the Rupi Bhabha in the Sutlej watershed and the Wildlife Sanctuary Kanawar Wildlife Sanctuary in Parvati valley. Inderkilla National Park
Inderkilla National Park is located on the
Kullu Valley (formed by Beas River), the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh.
passes through Inderkilla National Park. It is a major source of water for wildlife in the park. Beas River Major Fauna: Black bear, common leopard,
Himalayan Ibex (Siberian Ibex). Khirganga National Park
Khirganga National Park is located on the
Kullu Valley (formed by Beas River). It is flanked by
Great Himalayan National Park and Pin Valley National Park. Vegetation: Dry alpine and scrub.
Snow Leopard, Himalayan Ibex, bharal (blue sheep), Himalayan Brown Fox. Pin Valley National Park
Pin Valley National Park is located in the
Spiti Valley within Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It lies
within Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve in the Himalayan region.
Pin River is a tributary of Spiti River (a tributary of Sutlej). Vegetation: Mostly alpine trees.
Snow Leopard, Himalayan (Siberian) Ibex. Simbalbara National Park
Simbalbara National Park is located in the
Paonta Valley of Sirmour District, Himachal Pradesh, along its border with Haryana. It is also known as Col. Sher Jung National Park.
The Simbalbara National Park area is situated in the
foothills of the Shivalik range, which is influenced by the Yamuna River. Vegetation: Dense Sal forests with grassy glades.
Major Fauna: Leopard, sambhar, goral, chital, barking deer, spotted deer, nilgai (blue bull)
Wildlife Sanctuaries of Himachal Pradesh Chandratal Wildlife Sanctuary (Ramsar Site)
Chandra Tal is a lake in the
Spiti Valley. It is
accessible on foot from Kunzum Pass (it connects Lahul and Spiti valley). Chandra Taal is near the source of the
Chandra River (a source river of the Chenab). This sanctuary stands as a crucial habitat for rare and endangered species, including the elusive
snow leopard and Himalayan ibex. Dhauladhar Wildlife Sanctuary
It is located in the
Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, within the Dhauladhar mountain range. Located in
Lesser Himalayas, it lies between Dalhousie (near Ravi River) and Kullu-Manali Valley (Beas River).
Ravi River flows along the fringes of the Dhauladhar range. Hanuman Tibba (5,982 m) is its highest peak. It also hosts a mini zoo called Gopalpur Zoo.
Major Flora: Oak, rhododendron, deodar.
Kais Wildlife Sanctuary
The Kais Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the
Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. It includes parts of the
Kais Nala ( a tributary of Beas River). It was declared mainly to protect
Musk Deer (EN). Musk Deer population has declined drastically due to
poaching for its musk pod. The special wildlife attraction of Kais Wildlife Sanctuary is the Brown Bear and the Himalayan Black Bear.
Kalatop-Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary
Kalatop Khajjiar Sanctuary is animal sanctuary at Kalatop and Khajjiar in the
Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. It lies in the
path of the Ravi River near Dalhousie. Vegetation: Dense deodar and fir forest.
Pheasants, serow and black bear are some of the common animals found here.
Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary
It is located in Bharmour area of
Chamba district. It is situated
between Ravi and Chenab Rivers. Major Fauna:
Himalayan tahr (NT). It also houses the famous Manimahesh Temple.
Lippa Asrang Wildlife Sanctuary
It is located in
Kinnaur district along the stream Taiti, a tributary of Sutlej. Major Fauna:
Snow Leopards (VU). Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary (BS) (Ramsar Site)
Pong wetland is situated in the
Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh. Also called
Maharana Pratap Sagar, It is one of the largest man-made wetlands of Northern India, formed by the construction of the Pong Dam in 1974 across the Beas River.
1983, the entire reservoir was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary by the Himachal Pradesh government. In
1994, the Government of India declared it a “Wetland of National Importance”. Pong Dam Lake was
declared as Ramsar Site in November 2002.
Pong Dam and Gobindsagar Reservoir (on Sutlej River) are the two most important fishing reservoirs in the Himalayan foothills of Himachal Pradesh.
Ranjit Sagar dam (Ranjit Sagar Lake in Punjab) ⟶ Ravi River
Pong dam (Maharana Pratap Sagar in Himachal Pradesh) ⟶ Beas River
Bhakra dam (Gobindsagar Reservoir in Himachal Pradesh) ⟶ Sutlej River The Pong reservoir has four major islands, which include:
Jattaan da Kual.
Rakchham Chitkul Wildlife Sanctuary
Rakchham Chitkul Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the
Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, in the Sangla Valley.
Baspa River (a tributary of Sutlej River) that flows through it. Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary (Ramsar Site)
The Renuka Sanctuary is a nature sanctuary, situated in
Sirmour district in Himachal Pradesh. A small tributary of the Yamuna separates the Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary from
Simbalbara National Park. Rupi Bhaba Wildlife Sanctuary
Rupi Bhaba Sanctuary is located in
Kinnaur District of Himachal Pradesh. It is located on th
bank of the Sutlej River between Pin Valley National Park and Govind National Park (Uttarakhand). Churdhar Wildlife Sanctuary
Churdhar Sanctuary is located in
Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh. The sanctuary is named after
Churdhar is a holy place related with Shri Shirgul Maharaj (Chureshwar Maharaj), a deity widely worshipped in Sirmour and Chaupal.
Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary
Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the
Trans-Himalayan district of Lahaul and Spiti, in the state of Himachal Pradesh. it is located on the left bank of the
Spiti River. Manali Wildlife Sanctuary
Located only two kilometres from Manali.
Manali River (a tributary of Beas River) passes through it. Sech Tuan Nala Wildlife Sanctuary
This Sanctuary lies in
Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. Shikari Devi Wildlife Sanctuary
It is located in Mandi District.
The sanctuary is named after the
Shikari Devi Temple, which is a revered religious site within its boundaries.
Sutlej River flows south of this Wildlife Sanctuary. Ramsar Sites of Himachal Pradesh
It is a high-altitude lake near
Kunzum Pass on the upper Chandra River valley.
Chandra and Bhaga rivers merge to form the Chenab River in the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh. Threats: overgrazing by the nomadic herdsmen.
Snow Leopard (VU), Himalayan Ibex (NT), Blue Sheep (Bharal – LC) Pong Dam Lake
It is a reservoir on the
Beas River. It is also known as
Maharana Pratap Sagar. It lies on the Trans-Himalayan Flyway for migratory Waterfowls
Renuka lake is in the
Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh. It is a natural wetland with freshwater springs and inland subterranean karst formations.
The lake is named after the
mother of Hindu sage Parshuram.