UPSC
2022

Question:

Consider the following:

  1. Carbon monoxide
  2. Nitrogen oxide
  3. Ozone
  4. Sulphur dioxide

Excess of which of the above in the environment is/are cause(s) of acid rain?

A

1, 2 and 3

B

2 and 4 only

C

4 only

D

1, 3 and 4

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Certain species of which one of the following organisms are well known as cultivators of fungi?

A

Ant

B

Cockroach

C

Crab

D

Spider

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

With reference to Indian laws about wildlife protection, consider the following statements :

  1. Wild animals are the sole property of the government.
  2. When a wild animal is declared protected, such animal is entitled for equal protection whether it is found in protected areas or outside.
  3. Apprehension of a protected wild animal becoming a danger to human life is sufficient ground for its capture or killing.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 and 2

B

2 only

C

1 and 3

D

3 only

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Which one of the following best describes the term “greenwashing”?

A

Conveying a false impression that a company’s products are eco-friendly and environmentally sound

B

Non-inclusion of ecological/ environmental costs in the Annual Financial Statements of a country

C

Ignoring the consequences disastrous ecological while infrastructure development undertaking

D

Making mandatory provisions for environmental costs in a government project/programme

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UPSC
2022

Question:

Which one of the following statements best describes the ‘Polar Code’?

A

It is the international code of safety for ships operating in polar waters.

B

It is the agreement of the countries around the North Pole regarding the demarcation of their territories in the polar region.

C

It is a set of norms to be followed by the countries whose scientists undertake research studies in the North Pole and South Pole.

D

It is a trade and security agreement of the member countries of the Arctic Council.

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UPSC
2022

Question:

Which one of the following has been constituted under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 ?

A

Central Water Commission

B

Central Ground Water Board

C

Central Ground Water Authority

D

National Water Development Agency

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Consider the following statements:

  1. The India Sanitation Coalition is a platform to promote sustainable sanitation and is funded by the Government of India and the World Health Organisation.
  2. The National Institute of Urban Affairs is an apex body of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in Government of India and provides innovative solutions to address the challenges of Urban India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

2 only

C

Both 1 and 2

D

Neither 1 nor 2

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

The “Miyawaki method” is well known for the:

A

Promotion of commercial farming in arid and semi-arid areas

B

Development of gardens genetically modified flora using

C

Creation of mini forests in urban areas

D

Harvesting wind energy on coastal areas and on sea surfaces

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

“Biorock technology” is talked about in which one of the following situations?

A

Restoration of damaged coral reefs

B

Development of building materials using plant residues

C

Identification of areas for exploration/extraction of shale gas

D

Providing salt licks for wild animals in forests/protected areas

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Which of the following are nitrogen-fixing plants?

  1. Alfalfa
  2. Amaranth
  3. Chickpea
  4. Clover
  5. Purslane (Kulfa)
  6. Spinach

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A

1, 3 and 4 only

B

1, 3, 5 and 6 only

C

2, 4, 5 and 6 only

D

1, 2, 4, 5 and 6

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Which of the following is not a bird?

A

Golden Mahseer

B

Indian Nightjar

C

Spoonbill

D

White Ibis

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

With reference to polyethylene terephthalate, the use of which is so widespread in our daily lives, consider the following statements:

  1. Its fibres can be blended with wool and cotton fibres to reinforce their properties.
  2. Containers made of it can be used to store any alcoholic beverage.
  3. Bottles made of it can be recycled into other products.
  4. Articles made of it can be easily disposed of by incineration without causing greenhouse gas emissions.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

A

1 and 3

B

2 and 4

C

1 and 4

D

2 and 3

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

With reference to “Gucchi” sometimes mentioned in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a fungus.
  2. It grows in some Himalayan forest areas.
  3. It is commercially cultivated in the Himalayan foothills of north-eastern India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A

1 only

B

3 only

C

1 and 2

D

2 and 3

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

In the Guidelines, statements: context of WHO consider the Air Quality following

  1. The 24-hour mean of PM2.5 should not exceed 15 ug/m³ and annual mean of PM 2.5 should not exceed 5 µg/m³.
  2. In a year, the highest levels of ozone pollution occur during the periods of inclement weather.
  3. PM10 can penetrate the lung barrier and enter the bloodstream.
  4. Excessive ozone in the air can trigger asthma.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

A

1, 3 and 4

B

1 and 4 only

C

2, 3 and 4

D

1 and 2 only

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Q. “If rainforests and tropical forests are the lungs of the Earth, then surely wetlands function as its kidneys.” Which one of the following functions of wetlands best reflects the above statement?

A

The water cycle in wetlands involves surface runoff, subsoil percolation and evaporation.

B

Algae form the nutrient base upon which fish, crustaceans, molluscs, birds, reptiles and mammals thrive.

C

Wetlands play a vital role in maintaining sedimentation balance and soil stabilization.

D

Aquatic plants absorb heavy metals and excess nutrients.

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Consider the following pairs:

Wetland/Lake:                      Location

  1. Hokera Wetland                    Punjab
  2. Renuka Wetland                   Himachal Pradesh
  3. Rudrasagar Lake                  Tripura
  4. Sasthamkotta                        Tamil Nadu

How many pairs given above are correctly matched?

A

Only one pair

B

Only two pairs

C

Only three pairs

D

All four pairs

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

“Climate Action Tracker” which monitors the emission reduction pledges of different countries is a :

A

Database created by coalition of research organisations

B

Wing of “International Panel of Climate Change”

C

Committee under “United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change”

D

Agency promoted and financed by United Nations Environment Programme and World Bank

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Climate Group is an international non-profit organisation that drives climate action by building large networks and runs them.
  2. The International Energy Agency in partnership with the Climate Group launched a global initiative “EP100”.
  3. EP100 brings together leading companies committed to driving innovation in energy efficiency and increasing competitiveness while delivering on emission reduction goals.
  4. Some Indian companies are members of EP100.
  5. The International Energy Agency is the Secretariat to the “Under2 Coalition”.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

A

1,2, 4 and 5

B

1,3 and 4 only

C

2,3 and 5 only

D

1,2, 3, 4 and 5

View Answer
UPSC
2022

Question:

Among the following crops, which one is the most important anthropogenic source of both methane and nitrous oxide?

A

Cotton

B

Rice

C

Sugarcane

D

Wheat

View Answer

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