Parliamentary Committees: Roles, and Functions – UPSC

Indian Constitution mentions two kinds of Parliamentary Committees – Standing Committees and Ad Hoc Committees. Any subject related to these committees is dealt with Article 118 (1) of the Indian Constitution. The topic ‘Parliamentary Committees’ is important for UPSC IAS Exam. This article will mention in detail about Indian Parliamentary Committees including Financial Committees, Departmental Committees. …

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Parliamentary Privileges and Immunities in India – UPSC

This article talks about Parliamentary Privileges and Immunities in India – for UPSC IAS. Parliamentary Privileges Parliamentary privileges are defined in Article 105 of the Indian Constitution. The members of Parliament are exempted from any civil or criminal liability for any statement made or act done in the course of their duties. The privileges are …

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Types of Central Government Funds – Indian Polity UPSC

There are three types of funds of the Central Government – Consolidated Fund of India (Article 266), Contingency Fund of India (Article 267), and Public Accounts of India (Article 266) mentioned in the Indian Constitution. Funds of Government of India The Constitution of India provides for the following three kinds of funds for the Central …

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Budgetary Procedure

Budgetary Procedure in India (Enactments of Budget) – UPSC

In this article, You will read Budget Process i.e. Budgetary Procedure in India & Enactments Of Budget in the Parliament – for UPSC. In India, the Union Budget is prepared by the Department of Economic Affairs of the Ministry of Finance. Earlier the budget was presented in two categories i.e. Railway budget and General budget, …

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Parliamentary Procedures in India – UPSC

In this article, you will read Parliamentary Procedures (legislative procedure in parliament) in India, and Ordinary bills, Money bills, Financial bills, Constitution amendment bills for UPSC. In a parliamentary sitting, both the houses of the Indian Parliament have different devices of Parliamentary proceedings. These devices are used to bring the members of Parliament to act …

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Wildlife Protection Act 1972 – UPSC Notes

The Indian Parliament enacted the Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972 i.e. Wildlife Protection Act 1972, which provides for the safeguard and protection of the wildlife (flora and fauna) in the country. This is important legislation and forms an integral part of the environment and ecology sections of the UPSC syllabus. Wildlife Protection Act 1972 The Wild Life …

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List of Ramsar Sites in India with Map (Latest) – UPSC

This article talks about a List Of Ramsar Sites In India and Indian Wetlands With Map for UPSC [Environment & Ecology Notes]. The topic, ‘Ramsar Sites of India’ is important for the upcoming UPSC IAS Exam. Hence, candidates should read about Ramsar Sites in India and the Ramsar Convention for UPSC preparation. Read on to …

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Indian Geographical Extent and Frontiers – UPSC Geography

In this article, We are going to read Indian Geographical Extent and Frontiers i.e. Geography of India for UPSC – Indian Geography Notes. Indian Geographical Extent and Frontiers India is a vast country, India is located entirely in the northern hemisphere; specifically in the south-central part of the continent of Asia, the mainland extends between latitudes 8°4’N …

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Oceans Issues and Threats – UPSC Geography

Oceans Issues and Threats – Currently our Oceans are facing the following major problems: Over Fishing Predation of Top predators Ocean Acidification Coral Bleaching Ocean Dead Zone Heavy metal Pollution Plastic Pollution Over Fishing Overfishing is having some serious impacts on our oceans. Not only does it work towards wiping out a species, but also …

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El-Nino, La-Nina, ENSO, El Nino Modoki- UPSC Geography

El-Nino and La Niña are opposite phases of what is known as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle. The ENSO is a recurring climatic pattern involving temperature changes in the waters of the eastern and central tropical Pacific Ocean, and changes in the patterns of upper and lower-level winds, sea level pressure, and tropical rainfall …

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Ocean Resources: Biotic and Abiotic – UPSC Geography

In this article, you can read about the Ocean Resources: Biotic And Abiotic (marine mineral resources) that the structure of the Earth is composed of – for UPSC Geography. Ocean Resources The ocean is one of Earth’s most valuable natural resources. It provides food in the form of fish and shellfish—about 200 billion pounds are caught each …

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Ocean Waves & Movements of Ocean Water – UPSC

This article talks about Ocean Waves, Characteristics of the wave, Freak waves, Wave Cut Action, and Movements Of Ocean Water – Geography Notes for UPSC. You all know that ocean water is never still. There are different types of movements of ocean water under the influence of different physical characteristics like temperature, salinity, density, etc. Movements …

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Major and Minor Ocean Relief Features – UPSC

The Ocean Relief Features are quite different from the continental features because the Oceanic crust is less than 60-70- million years old whereas continental features are of Proterozoic age (Over 1 Billion years old). Here, we are giving easy-to-learn write-up on the Oceanic topography along with typology and significance that will enhance the knowledge of …

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Motions in Parliament – Substantive Substitute Subsidiary – UPSC

In this article, You can read Motions in Parliament i.e. Substantive, Substitute, Subsidiary, and so on… for UPSC Exam. Motions Motions and resolutions are procedural devices to raise a discussion in the House on a matter of general public interest. Motions can be classified under the following categories, namely: Substantive Motions; Substitute Motions; and Subsidiary …

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