Anshi National Park and Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve (Kali Tiger Reserve)
It is located in Uttara Kannada district, in Karnataka.
Anshi National Park is located on the banks of Kali River in the Western Ghats. It is a part of the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary.
Anshi National Park and Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary were together granted the status of Project Tiger Tiger Reserve, and were declared as ‘Anshi-Dandeli Tiger Reserve’ (which is now renamed asKali Tiger Reserve).
Major Fauna: Elephant (EN), Bengal tiger (EN), black panther (black colour variant of leopard; VU), wild boars, bonnet macaque, Malabar civet, Malabar giant squirre.
Major Avifauna: Adjutant stork, great hornbill.
Bandipur National Park, Tiger Reserve
Bandipur National Park is in Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka. It was established as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger in 1973.
Together with Nagarhole National Park, Mudumalai National Park (TN) and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala), it is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
Kabini River (a tributary of the Cauvery River) separates the National Park from Nagarhole National Park.
Vegetation: Dry & moist deciduous forests, and shrubs.
Major Flora: Teak, rosewood, sandalwood, clumping bamboo, Indian laurel and kadam tree.
Major Fauna: Indian elephants, gaurs, tigers, sloth bears, chausinghas, dholes, chital, sambar, gray langurs.
Threats: Wildlife fatalities by speeding vehicles, cattle grazing, transmission of diseases from cattle to wildlife, deforestation and habitat fragmentation, and invasive species (e.g, Lantana and Parthenium).
There is a ban on traffic from 9 pm to 6 am of dusk to dawn to help bing down the death rate of wildlife.
Bannerghatta National Park
Bannerghatta National Park is located near Bangalore, Karnataka.
It is part of a wildlife corridor for elephants which connects Biligirirangana Hills and Sathyamangalam forest.
Vegetation: Moist deciduous forest and scrubland.
Major Flora: Sandalwood, bamboo, eucalyptus.
Major Fauna: Elephants, Bengal tiger, gaur, leopard, sloth bear, Indian gazelle, spotted deer, bonnet macaque.
Major Avifauna: Flamingo, pelican.
Threats: Illegal mining of graniteclose tocritical elephant corridors inside the National Park.
A portion of the National Park is converted into Bannerghatta Biological Park. The Biological Park has a zoo, a butterfly enclosure, a snake house and a safari park. It shelters mammals such as Indian tigers and lions.
Bhadra Tiger Reserve, Wildlife Sanctuary
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area and tiger reserve, situated in Chikkamagaluru district.
It is about 100 km to the east of Kudremukh National Park. It is surrounded by scenic hills, including the Baba Budangiri hills.
Mullayanagiri peak (1,930 m) in the Baba Budangiri hills is the highest peak in Karnataka.
Hebbe Falls and Manikyadhara Falls are located on the periphery of the sanctuary.
The tributaries of theBhadra river flow west through the sanctuary. The western border of the sanctuary abuts the Bhadra Reservoir.
Vegetation: Semi-evergreen & moist deciduous forests, and shola grasslands.
Major Flora: Kadam, teak, Indian-laurel, rosewood.
Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary is located in Ballari district in Karnataka, 15 km from the World Heritage Site of Hampi.
It was created for the preservation of the sloth bear (VU). This is Asia’s first sloth bear sanctuary.
Ghataprabha Bird Wildlife Sanctuary
Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary is located in the Gokak and Hukkeri Taluks of Belgaum district, Karnataka.
Its boundaries enclose a stretch of about 28 km of the Ghataprabha River (a tributary of the Krishna River).
The Gokak waterfalls located in the eastern part of the Sanctuary is the major tourist attraction.
Gudavi Bird Wildlife Sanctuary
It is located in Soraba Taluk of Shimoga District in the state of Karnataka.
It is situated around the Gudavi Lake. It is a small seasonal lake and is filled with water mostly in the rainy season.
Gudekote Sloth Bear Wildlife Sanctuary
Gudekote Sloth Bear Sanctuary is located in Ballari district in Karnataka.
It was created exclusively for the preservation of sloth bear (VU), and is Asia’s second sloth bear sanctuary, the first being Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary.
It is to the south of Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary.
The sanctuary is unique in that it contains prehistoric sites, rock paintings, natural caves, and old temples within its boundaries, adding a historical and cultural dimension to its conservation efforts.
Kamasandra Wildlife Sanctuary
The Kammasandra Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Kolar district of Karnataka. It is located at trijunction of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh & Tamil Nadu.
It is recently declared Wildlife Sanctuary. It encompasses the former Kammasandra Reserve Forest and Sorakayalahalli Reserve Forest.
Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary
Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka.
It has Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary (Karnataka) to its north and east, Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve(TN) to its south and BR Hills Temple Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) to its west.
Melkote Temple Wildlife Sanctuary
It is situated in Mandya district.
It was declared as a sanctuary to protect the habitat of Grey Wolf.
Melukote is the location of the Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple. Early in the 12th century, the famous Srivaishnava saint Sri Ramanujacharya, who hailed from present day Tamil Nadu, stayed at Melukote for about 12 years.
Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary
Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary is located in in Kollur in the Udupi district of Coastal Karnataka.
It derives its name from the Kollur Mookambika Temple.
It lies in the Western Ghats and famous Kodachadri Hills are located in the sanctuary.
Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary
Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Somwarpet taluk of the Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka.
Pushpagiri (Kumara Parvatha,1712 m) is the highest peak in the Wildlife Sanctuary.
Mallalli falls and Kote abbe falls (or Mukkodlu falls) are located inside the Wildlife Sanctuary.
Ranebennur Blacbuck Wildlife Sanctuary
The Ranebennur Blackbuck Sanctuary is located in the Dharwad district of Karnataka.
It was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary mainly to protectblackbucks (LC).
Great Indian bustards are also observed here.
Ranganathittu Wildlife Sanctuary (BS)
It is also called Pakshi Kashi of Karnataka located near the historic town of Srirangapattana (near Mysore).
It is the largest Bird Sanctuary in the state and comprises six islets on the banks of theCauvery River.
Major Fauna: Smooth coated otter, common palm civet, mugger crocodile.
Major Avifauna: Painted stork, Asian openbill stork, common spoonbill, woolly-necked stork, black-headed ibis.
It receives thousands of migratory birds from Siberia, Latin America and parts of north India during winter.
It experiences heavy flooding when water is released from Krishna Raja Sagara dam (on Cauvery River) upstream.