List of Bird Sanctuaries of India – UPSC

In this article, You will read List of Bird Sanctuaries of India – for UPSC IAS.

Bird Sanctuaries

Bird sanctuaries are nature facilities that advocate the conservation of various species of birds and their natural habitats while promoting rehabilitation and survival.

List of Bird Sanctuaries of India

NameState
Atapaka Bird SanctuaryAndhra Pradesh
Nelapattu Bird SanctuaryAndhra Pradesh
Pulicat Lake Bird SanctuaryAndhra Pradesh
Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife SanctuaryAndhra Pradesh
Uppalapadu Bird SanctuaryAndhra Pradesh
Nagi Dam Bird SanctuaryBihar
Najafgarh drain bird sanctuaryDelhi
Salim Ali Bird SanctuaryGoa
Gaga Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat
Khijadiya Bird SanctuaryGujarat
Kutch Bustard SanctuaryGujarat
Nal Sarovar Bird SanctuaryGujarat
Porbandar Bird SanctuaryGujarat
Thol LakeGujarat
Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana
Khaparwas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana
GamgulHimachal Pradesh
Attiveri Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
Bankapura Peacock SanctuaryKarnataka
Bonal Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
Gudavi Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
Kaggaladu Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
Magadi Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
Mandagadde Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
Puttenahalli LakeKarnataka
Ranganathittu Bird SanctuaryKarnataka
Kadalundi Bird SanctuaryKerala
Kumarakom Bird SanctuaryKerala
Mangalavanam Bird SanctuaryKerala
PathiramanalKerala
Thattekad Bird SanctuaryKerala
Mayani Bird SanctuaryMaharashtra
Karnala Bird SanctuaryMaharashtra
Great Indian Bustard SanctuaryMaharashtra
Lengteng Wildlife SanctuaryMizoram
Chilika LakeOdisha
Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan
Tal Chhapar SanctuaryRajasthan
Chitrangudi Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Kanjirankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Koothankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Suchindram Theroor Birds SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Udayamarthandapuram Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Vedanthangal Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Vellode Birds SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Vettangudi Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu
Sarsai Nawar WetlandUttar Pradesh
Lakh Bahosi SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Okhla SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Patna Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Saman SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Samaspur SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Sandi Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh
Chintamoni Kar Bird SanctuaryWest Bengal
Kulik Bird Sanctuary (Raiganj WLS)West Bengal
Rasikbill Bird SanctuaryWest Bengal
Thasrana Bird Sanctuary (Dhanauri Wetlands)Uttar Pradesh
Wachana Bird SanctuaryGujarat
Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird SanctuaryMaharashtra
Hokera WetlandJammu and Kashmir (union territory)
List of Bird Sanctuaries of India UPSC

Atapaka Bird Sanctuary

  • Atapaka Bird Sanctuary at Kolleru Lake is an important safe breeding ground for two migratory species namely, Grey Pelicans and Painted Storks.
    • Grey Pelican and Painted Stork both are near-threatened species under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • Kolleru lake is located between the deltas of the Krishna and Godavari rivers in Andhra Pradesh.

Nelapattu bird sanctuary

  • Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary is a bird sanctuary in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh,
  • It is an important breeding site for spot-billed pelicans.
    • Spot-billed pelicans are a bird of large inland and coastal waters, especially large lakes.
    • It breeds only in peninsular India, Sri Lanka, and Cambodia.
    • They are not migratory but are known to make local movements.
    • They are colonial breeder, often breeding in the company of other waterbirds.
    • It is categorized as Near Threatened in IUCN red list.
    • Copious rain from the southwest and northeast monsoon led to the return of pelicans in the Nelapattu sanctuary.

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

  • Pulicat Lake is the second-largest brackish water ecosystem in the country after Chilika Lake (Odisha).
  • Pulicat Lake is located on the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It lies majorly in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The sanctuary is most noted for the many greater flamingos seen here.
  • It also attracts many migratory birds and also is a feeding and nesting ground for aquatic and terrestrial birds such as pelicansstorks, etc.
  • The large varieties of birds like grey pelicans, painted storks, visit the site annually.
    • Grey Pelican and Painted Stork both are near-threatened species under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Nagi Bird Sanctuary

  • Nagi Bird Sanctuary is located in Jhajha Jamui district of south Bihar, near the Jharkhand border.
  • The Nagi Dam and Nakti Dam are two sanctuaries so close to each other that they can be taken as one bird area.
  • The Nagi- Nakti Bird Sanctuaries have been the home of a wide variety of indigenous species of birds and of migratory birds that turn up during the winters from places like Eurasia, Central Asia, the Arctic Circle, Russia, and Northern China.
  • Avian Fauna :
    • Over 136 species of birds have been spotted at these sanctuaries.
    • Bar-headed geese: Around 1,600 bar-headed geese, which is about 3% of the global population of this variety, have been seen here, as per a report of the Wetlands International, and because of this rare phenomenon, the Birdlife International, a global body, has held the Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary to be globally important for the conservation of birds’ population and has declared it as an important bird area.
      • Wetland International is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to the conservation and restoration of wetlands.
      • BirdLife International is a global partnership of conservation organizations (NGOs) that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.
    • Other major birds: Indian Courser, Indian Sandgrouse, Yellow-wattled Lapwing, and Indian Robin.
  • Major threats to the biodiversity of the sanctuaries: Agricultural runoff; Land dispute between Irrigation and Forest Departments; Leasing out of the site for fishing.
  • Other Bird Sanctuaries of Bihar:
    • Gautam Budha bird sanctuary, Gaya
    • Kawar Jheel bird sanctuary, Bigusarai
    • Kusheshwar asthan bird sanctuary, Darbhanga

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary

  • Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is an estuarine mangrove habitat, which is declared as the bird sanctuary, and located on the western tip of the Island of Chorão along the Mandovi River in Goa.
  • The sanctuary is named after Salim Ali, the eminent Indian ornithologist.

Mayani Bird Sanctuary

  • The Mayani Bird Sanctuary is globally reckoned for its gigantic range of species for migratory birds situated in the Satara district of Maharashtra.
  • Many migratory birds pass through the area, such as Flamingos from Siberia come in large numbers.
  • It is one of the most prominent and Famous Bird Sanctuaries in India.

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

  • Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, consisting primarily of the lake and ambient marshes, is situated about 64 km to the west of Ahmedabad near Sanand Village, in Gujarat.
  • Mainly inhabited by migratory birds in winter and spring, it is the largest wetland bird sanctuary in Gujarat, and one of the largest in India.
  • Nalsarovar in Gujarat is a bird watcher’s paradise, one can find rosy pelicans, lesser and greater flamingos, crakes, brahminy ducks, purple moorhen, herons, white storks, various species of bitterns, grebes, etc in the lake.

Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

  • Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is also known as Vembanad Bird Sanctuary is situated in Kerala, near the famous Vembanad Lake.
  • It offers a home to a large number of migratory birds like Flycatcher, Teal, Siberian Stork, Crane, Parrots, and Wood Beetle by riding a houseboat will be the best way for birdwatching in Kerala.
  • It is a favorite spot for migratory birds and a paradise for bird lovers.
  • Other bird Sanctuaries in Kerala are Mangalavanam and Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary, situated on the banks of the Periyar River and famous for some of the rarest species of birds and other unique fauna.

Kaundinya Bird Sanctuary

  • Kaundinya Bird Sanctuary is one of the best bird sanctuaries in India, situated near Chittor in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The habitat is rugged with high hills and deep valleys and Kaigal and Kaundinya are two beautiful streams, which flow through the sanctuary.
  • Kaundinya Sanctuary offers the best of wildlife and bird watching in India. [Kolleru Lake Bird Sanctuary also offers a variety of migratory birds to its largest freshwater Kolleru Lake.]

Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary is the only sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh with a population of Asian elephants.
  • The sanctuary is covered by southern tropical dry deciduous and thorn forests. Some of the important flora consists of Albizia amara, Acacia, Lagerstroemia, Ficus, bamboo, and a species which is a regeneration of Santalum album.
  • Apart from Elephant, some of the animals found in the sanctuary are: sloth bear, panther, cheetal, chowsingha, sambar, porcupine, wild boar, jungle cat, jackal, jungle fowl, starred tortoise, and slender loris.

Asian Elephant

  • There are three subspecies of Asian elephants – the Indian, Sumatran, and Sri Lankan.
  • African elephants are listed as “vulnerable” and Asian elephants as “endangered” in the IUCN Red List of threatened species.
  • The elephant has been accorded the highest possible protection under the Indian wildlife law through its listing under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary

  • Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is situated near to the banks of the Kaveri River in Karnataka.
  • Exotic migratory birds like light Ibis, Egret, Partridge, Heron, River Tern, Snake Bird, stone Plougher are the attraction for the tourist.
  • This is an important tourist destination of Mysore and is located about 20 kilometers from the famous Brindavan garden lies adjoining the Krishnarajasagara dam.

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

  • The Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is the oldest bird sanctuary in India, situated in Tamil Nadu.
  • The Vedanthankal Lake region attracted a variety of birds such as pintail, garganey, grey wagtail, blue-winged teal, common sandpiper.
  • One-sixth of the landmass of Tamil Nadu is covered with forests, which is a paradise for animal lovers and bird watchers.
  • Kunthakulam bird sanctuary and Pulicat lake bird Sanctuary are also famous for bird watching situated at the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

  • The famous Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is also known as Keoladeo Ghana National Park is situated in Rajasthan.
  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is one of the best bird sanctuaries in India and one of the finest bird parks in the world.
  • Apart from the Great Thar Desert, Big forts and beautiful lakes, the Birds of Bharatpur Sanctuary are one of the major tourist attractions in Rajasthan.
  • Thousands of rare and highly endangered birds come here during the winter season.
  • The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a paradise for bird lover’s to watch some of the most exotic birds in the world.

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