Gujarat National Parks

Gujarat National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries & Ramsar Sites Map
Gujarat National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries & Ramsar Sites Map

Blackbuck (Velavadar) National Park

  • It is located in the Bhal region of Saurashtra.
  • It is bordered by the Gulf of Khambhat on the south.
  • Vegetation: Savanna grassland.
  • Major Fauna: Blackbucks (LC), hyenas, jungle cats.
    • The Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), or the Indian Antelope, is a species of antelope native to India and Nepal.
      • It is widespread in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, and other areas throughout peninsular India.
      • It is considered as the epitome of grassland.
      • The blackbuck is a diurnal antelope (active mainly during the day).
      • It has been declared as the State Animal of Punjab, Haryana, and Andhra Pradesh.
      • It is a symbol of purity for Hinduism as its skin and horns are regarded as sacred objects. For Buddhism, it is a symbol of good luck.
  • Major Avifauna: Lesser florican (a bustard; CR).
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar

Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Gir National Park (Sasan Gir) is near Talala Gir.
  • Today, it is the only area in Asia where Asiatic lions occur
  • Kamleshwar Dam on Hiran River is called ‘the lifeline of Gir’.
  • Vegetation: Dry deciduous forest.
  • Major Flora: Teak, acacia, babul (acacia), tendu and dhak.
  • Major Fauna: Asiatic lion (EN), mugger crocodile (VU), leopard, chital, sambar, chausingha, chinkara, blackbuck.
Asiatic Lion
  • The Asiatic Lion (also known as the Persian Lion or Indian Lion) is a member of the Panthera Leo Leo subspecies that is restricted to India.
    • Its previous habitats consisted of West Asia and the Middle East before it became extinct in these regions.
  • Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African lions.
  • The most striking morphological character, which is always seen in Asiatic lions, and rarely in African lions, is a longitudinal fold of skin running along its belly.
  • Distribution:
    • Asiatic lions were once distributed to the state of West Bengal in east and Rewa in Madhya Pradesh, in central India.
    • At present Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the only abode of the Asiatic lion.
  • Threats:
    • Its vulnerability to unpredictable events such as a plague or a natural disaster, poaching and locals near the Gir National Park killing the lions in retaliation for attacks on livestock.
  • Protection Status:
Gir National Park

Marine National Park (Gulf of Kachchh)

  • It is India’s first Marine Wildlife Sanctuary and first Marine National Park which were created in the Gulf of Kutch in 1980 and 1982, respectively.
  • It is an archipelago of 42 tropical islands along the northern coast of Jamnagar district and the southern coast of Kutch.
    • Some of the finest coral reef fringe islands are found at Pirotan, Narala, Ajad and Positara, with species of hard and soft coral.
  • Major Fauna: Corals, sea turtles such as green sea turtles (EN)olive ridleys (VU) and leatherbacks (VU)dugongs (sea cow; VU), Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins.
  • Threats: Extraction of corals and sands by cement industriesincreased turbidity of water, oil refineries, chemical industries, and mechanized fishing boats.

Vansda (Bansda) National Park

  • Also known as Bansda National Park.
  • It is located on the banks of Ambika River in the Western Ghats.
  • The park has dwellings of local tribals belonging to Bhil, Gamit, Warli, Kokni, Kunbi and Dangi tribes.
  • Vegetation: Deciduous forests.
  • Major Flora: Teak, bamboo, sisam trees.
  • Major Fauna: Indian leopard, rhesus macaque, small Indian civet, chausingha, Indian (Malabar) giant squirrel.

Wildlife Sanctuaries of Gujarat

Balaram Ambaji Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located to the south of Mt. Abu (in Aravallis) at the Gujarat-Rajasthan border.
  • Major Fauna: Sloth bear, striped hyena, leopard, Nilgai, Indian porcupine, small Indian civet, Indian pangolin.

Barda Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Barda Wildlife Sanctuary area falls into two districts, Porbandar and Jamnagar in the state of
  • It is characteristically abundant in floral diversity, which consists of a good number of medicinal plants.
  • Flora:The area has the maximum floral diversity in the state (650 plant species), Gorad, Babul, Dhav, Rayan, Ber, Jamun, Amli, Dhudhlo, Bamboo 
  • Fauna: Leopard, Hyena, Wild boar, wolf, Jackal, blue bull, Rare and endangered spotted eagle and crested hawk eagle etc.
  • It was a previous range of Asiatic lions. The Gujarat Forest Department has presented its proposal to make BWLS the second home to the lions as part of “Project Lion @ 2047”.

Gaga (Great Indian Bustard) Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is situated in the Saurashtra peninsula on the coast of the Gulf of Kutch.
  • It is established to protect Great Indian Bustard (CR). Along with Kutch Bustard Sanctuary, Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary is one of two great Indian bustard sanctuaries in Gujarat.
Great Indian Bustard (GIB)
  • The Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps), the State bird of Rajasthan, is considered India’s most critically endangered bird.
  • It is considered the flagship grassland species, representing the health of the grassland ecology.
  • Its population is confined mostly to Rajasthan and Gujarat. Small populations occur in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Threat:
    • The bird is under constant threats due to collision/electrocution with power transmission lines, hunting (still prevalent in Pakistan), habitat loss and alteration as a result of widespread agricultural expansion, etc.
  • Protection Status:
  • Measures taken to protect GIB:
    • Species Recovery Programme:
      • It is kept under the species recovery programme under the Integrated evelopment of Wildlife Habitats of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
    • National Bustard Recovery Plans:
      • It is currently being implemented by conservation agencies.
    • Conservation Breeding Facility:
      • MoEF&CC, Rajasthan government and Wildlife Institute of India (WII) have also established a conservation breeding facility in Desert National Park at Jaisalmer in June 2019.
      • The objective of the programme is to build up a captive population of Great Indian Bustards and to release the chicks in the wild for increasing the population.
    • Project Great Indian Bustard:
      • It has been launched by the Rajasthan government with an aim of constructing breeding enclosures for the species and developing infrastructure to reduce human pressure on its habitats.
    • Eco-Friendly Measures:
      • Task Force for suggesting eco-friendly measures to mitigate impacts of power transmission lines and other power transmission infrastructures on wildlife including the Great Indian Bustard.

Girnar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is famous for Asiatic lions (EN).
  • It is located in the Girnar Hills.
    • Girnar Hills in Junagadh district of Gujarat, are famous since ancient times as a place of pilgrimage for both Hindus and Jains.

Jessore Sloth Bear Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Situated in the Banaskantha district.
  • It is established to the south of Mt. Abu at the Gujarat-Rajasthan border for the protection of sloth bear (VU).
  • The Banas River separates Jessore Sloth Bear Wildlife Sanctuary from Balaram Ambaji Wildlife Sanctuary.
Sloth bears
  • Sloth bears are found in Sri Lanka, India, Bhutan and Nepal, predominantly in lowland areas.
  • Sloth bears primarily eat termites and ants, and unlike other bear species, they routinely carry their cubs on their backs.
  • They are also very fond of honey, hence their alternative name of “honey bear”.
  • Sloth bears do not hibernate.

Kutch (Lala-Parjan) Great Indian Bustard Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is established to protect Great Indian Bustard (CR) (locally called Ghorad).
  • Along with Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary, it is one of two great Indian bustard sanctuaries in Gujarat.

Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is a shallow seasonal saline wetland in the Great Rann of Kutch. 
  • Fossils of dinosaurs, crocodiles and whales have been recovered from here.
  • Major Avifauna: Greater flamingos.

Nal Sarovar Bird Wildlife Sanctuary (BS) (Ramsar Site)

  • It is a natural freshwater lake (a relict sea) located in the Thar Desert.
  • It is the largest wetland Bird Sanctuary in Gujarat.
  • The wetland is a lifeline for the Indian Wild Ass (NT) blackbuck (LC). It is inhabited by migratory birds.
  • Avifauna: Flamingos, storks, herons, waterfowls.

Narayan Sarovar Chinkara Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located near Kori Creek. Its flagship species is chinkara (LC).
  • This Wildlife Sanctuary and Banni Grasslands (both in Kutch) have been proposed as possible sites for the reintroduction of the Asiatic cheetah (CR).

Purna Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the Western Ghats in Gujarat and Maharashtra and Purna River flows through it.
  • It is adjacent to the Vansda (Bansda) National Park.

Shoolpaneswar (Dhumkhal) Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the Satpura Range south of the Narmada River.
  • It shares a common boundary with Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra
  • Tapti River separates Shoolpaneswar Wildlife Sanctuary from Purna Wildlife Sanctuary.

Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is a man-made reservoir in Mehsana and is the most popular birding place near Ahmedabad after Nal Sarovar.
  • Major Avifauna: Flamingos, sarus cranes, great white pelicans, white-rumped vulture, Indian vulture.

Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the Little Rann of Kutch.
  • It is one of the last places where Indian wild ass (NT) can be spotted.
  • It can be considered a large ecotone, a transitional area between marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
  • It is dotted with about 74 elevated plateaus or islands, locally called ‘bets’.
  • The sanctuary is home to a sizeable population of Rabari and Bharwad tribes.
  • Flora:
    • It is full of dry thorny scrub, and there are no large trees except on the fringes and bets.
    • Some of the plants and trees that are found in this sanctuary are Morad, Unt morad, Theg, Dolari, Khijdo, Kerdo, Mithi jar, Kheri pilu, Akado, etc.
  • Fauna:
    • Besides Indian Wild Ass, the other mammals found here include Blackbuck, Nilgai, Bluebull, Hare, Wolf, Foxes, Desert Cat, Indian fox, JackalHyena, Wild boar, etc.
    • There is rich birdlife, including the Houbara bustardSandgrousePale harrier, Black-shouldered kite, Pelican, etc.
  • Threats: Illegal salt panning.
Indian Wild Ass
  • It is a sub-species of Asian Wild Ass, i.e., Equus hemionus.
  • It is characterized by distinctive white markings on the anterior part of the rump and on the posterior part of the shoulder and a stripe down the back that is bordered by white.
  • DistributionWorld’s last population of Indian WildAss is restricted to Rann of KachchhGujarat.
  • HabitatDesert and grassland ecosystems.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN: Near threatened.
    • CITES: Appendix II
    • Wildlife Protection Act (1972): Schedule-I
Indian Wild Ass

Khijadiya Bird Wildlife Sanctuary (BS)

  • Jamnagar district.
  • Protected as a Ramsar site.
  • The sanctuary is located at the watershed of Ruparel river and Kalindri at the North East coastal region.
  • Sanctuary is located near Narara Island, and has a bio-diversified coral reef.

Mitiyala Wildlife Sanctuary

  • also known as Mitiyala Grasslands.
  • Grassland with semi-dry deciduous trees.
  • It is almost like an offshoot of Gir Lion Sanctuary.
  • The area between the Mitiyala and Gir Sanctuary serves as a passage connecting the two habitats for the wildlife residing in these areas.

Porbandar Bird Wildlife Sanctuary

  • In the heart of city of Porbandar.
  • It is the only bird sanctuary in Gujarat that provides legal protection to the birds which nest there.

Ratanmahal Sloth Bear Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Dahod district.
  • The sanctuary falls on the border of Gujarat with Madhya Pradesh.

Ramsar Sites of Gujarat

Khijadia WLS

  • It is a freshwater wetland located in Jamnagar District near the Gulf of Kutch
  • It is a freshwater wetland.
  • It was formed following the creation of a bund (dike) to protect farmland from saltwater ingress.
  • Endangered Species: Pallas’s Fish-Eagle (EN), Indian Skimmer (EN), Indian Bdellium-Tree (CR).
  • The sanctuary is now part of Marine National Park, Jamnagar, the first marine national park in the country. The sanctuary is also part of the Central Asian Flyway.

Nalsarovar BS

  • It is the largest natural freshwater lake (a relict sea) in the Thar Desert of Gujarat. 
  • The wetland is a lifeline for a satellite population of the endangered Indian Wild Ass (NT).
  • Avifauna: Sociable Lapwing (CR)Sarus Crane (VU)

Thol Lake

  • It is a human-made reservoir essential during the dry seasons for Blackbucks (LC).
  • Endangered Avifauna: White-Rumped Vulture (CR), Sociable Lapwing (CR)

Wadhvana Wetland

  • This human-made reservoir is located in a semi-arid agricultural landscape.
  • Endangered Avifauna: Pallas’s Fish-Eagle (EN), Sarus Crane (VU), Common Pochard (VU)

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