In this article, You will know the Most Important Topics for
Geography for UPSC. Important Topics for Geography
The geography topics are very important because geography is a science-based subject and various candidates found it difficult to prepare. There are a good number of questions from the physical geography of India and the world.
World geography has very fewer questions in the IAS question paper. The important topics are as follows.
8 Solar radiation & Heat budget of the earth 9 Atmospheric circulation – cyclones, westerlies, jet streams 10 Evaporation, condensation and precipitation 11 World climate and climate change 12 Relief of the oceans 13 Temperature and salinity distribution in the ocean. 14 Types of ocean current 15 Ecosystem
16 Biodiversity and conservation 17 Physiography of India – mountains, hills, plateau, plains etc. 18 The drainage system of India 19 The climate of India – Indian monsoon 20 Natural vegetation and soils of India – National parks, biosphere reserves, mangroves etc. 21 Natural disasters- floods, droughts, landslides, cyclones, earthquakes, Tsunami. 22 Indian agriculture and types 23 Coral reefs
Some geographical concepts which we regularly see in current affairs:
1 El- Nino 2 La-Nina 3 Indian Ocean dipole 4 Madden Julian oscillations 5 Polar vortex 6 Pacific decadal oscillations 7 Heatwaves 8 Sunspot cycles 9 Forest fire 10 Tribes of the world and India 11 Heat islands 12 Seismic noise 13 Environmental impact assessment 14 Ring of fire 15 Wetlands and their conservation 16 Distribution of wildlife and their conservation 17 Places in News 18 Mountain passes and lakes (part of the physiography of India) 19 Major straits of the world 20 Major water bodies – Mediterranean sea, Caspian sea, black sea, etc. (part of oceanography) 21 Population and related issues 22 Minerals and their distribution 23 International trade 24 Energy resources and crisis 25 Industrial setup 26 Transport and communication 27 Water conservation