What is an index?

An index a sign or measure of something (plural: indices). In economics and finance, an index is a statistical measure of changes in a representative group of individual data points. These data may be derived from any number of sources.

Financial Organisations

Report / IndicesPublishing Organisations
Ease of Doing BusinessWorld Bank
World Development ReportWorld Bank
Global Economic Prospect (GEP) ReportWorld Bank
Logistics Performance IndexWorld Bank
Remittance ReportWorld Bank
Ease of Living IndexWorld Bank
India Development UpdateWorld Bank
Universal Health Coverage IndexWorld Bank
The Service Trade Restriction IndexWorld Bank
Global Financial Stability ReportInternational Monetary Fund (IMF)
World Economic OutlookIMF
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)Organization of Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD)
World Trade Outlook IndicatorWorld Trade Organisation (WTO)
Global Information Technology ReportWorld Economic Forum (WEF)
Travel and Tourism Competitiveness ReportWEF
Global Competitiveness ReportWEF
Enabling Trade ReportWEF
Global Energy Architecture Performance Index ReportWEF
Global Energy Transition IndexWEF
Global Environment Performance IndexWEF
World Power Language IndexWEF
Inclusive Development IndexWEF
Human Capital IndexWEF
Global Gender Gap IndexWEF
Global Financial System ReportBank for International Settlements (BIS)
Global Money Laundering ReportFinancial Action Task Force (FATF)

UN and its Specialised Agencies & other imp. Reports

Report / IndicesPublishing Organisations
Global Education Monitoring ReportUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
Gender Parity IndexUNESCO
Report on Regular ResourcesUnited Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
The State of the World’s Children ReportsUNICEF
Global Report on Trafficking in PersonsUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
World Drug ReportUNODC
World Wildlife Crime ReportUNODC
ICT Development IndexUnited Nations International Telecommunication Union (UN-ITU)
E-government Readiness Index (EGDI)United Nations Public Administration Programme (UNPAP)
E-participation IndexUNPAP
E-government Development IndexUNPAP
The Global ReportUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
World Investment ReportUnited Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
The Trade & Development ReportUNCTAD
The Least Developed Countries ReportUNCTAD
The Information Economy ReportUNCTAD
The Technology and Innovation ReportUNCTAD
Reports on Counterfeiting and Organized CrimeUnited Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Industrial Development ReportUnited Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO)
Global Assessment ReportUnited Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)
State of World Population ReportUnited Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
World Economic Situation and Prospectus ReportUN Department for Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA)
World Social ReportUNDESA
World’s Women Report – Once in 5 YearsUNDESA
World Cities ReportUN-Habitat
Habitat Commitment IndexUN-Habitat
Levels and Trends in Child Mortality ReportUN Inter-agency Group (UNICEF)
World Disaster Risk IndexUnited Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNUEHS)
World Happiness ReportUN-Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN)
World Social Protection ReportInternational Labour Organisation(ILO)
World Employment and Social OutlookILO
World of Work ReportILO
Global Wage ReportILO
Gender Inequality IndexUNDP (United Nations Development Programme)
Education Development IndexUNDP
Actions on Air QualityUnited Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Global Environment OutlookUNEP
Emission Gap ReportUNEP
The Rise of Environmental Crime ReportUNEP & INTERPOL
State of the World’s Forests ReportFood and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)
Rural Development ReportInternational Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
State of World Climate ReportWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO)
World Health Statistics ReportWorld Health Organisation (WHO)
State of the World’s Nursing ReportWHO
World Tuberculosis ReportWHO
Ambient Air pollution ReportWHO
Safety ReportsInternational Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
Postal Development ReportUniversal Postal Union (UPU)
World Intellectual Property Report (WIPR)Wrold Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)
Global Innovation IndexCornell University, INSEAD & WIPO
Technical Cooperation ReportInternational Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Nuclear Technology ReviewIAEA
Red BookIAEA
World Energy Outlook (WEO)International Energy Agency (IEA)
Southeast Asia Energy OutlookIEA
Global Electric Vehicles OutlookIEA
Net Zero EmissionsIEA
Tracking Clean Energy ProgressIEA
Global Energy CrisisIEA
Red ListInternational Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Human Development IndexUnited Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Global Multidimensional Poverty IndexUNDP, and Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
World Migration ReportInternational Organization for Migration (IOM)

Non-profit Organisations

Report / IndicesPublishing Organisations
The Energy Report & Living Planet ReportWorld Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Global Corruption Report (GCR)Transparency International
Corruption Perception IndexTransparency International
World Press Freedom IndexReporters Without Borders
Death Penalty ReportAmnesty International
Global Hunger Index Concern Worldwide & Welthungerhilfe
An Economy for the 99%Oxfam
Change the World List DataFortune
Global Pension IndexMelbourne Mercer
Global Slavery IndexWalk Free Foundation, Australia Based Human Rights Group
Global Retail Development IndexAT Kearney (American Global Management Consulting Firm)
Climate Change Performance IndexGerman Watch
New Health IndexGlobal Burden of Disease

Reports Published by Research Centres and Other Institutes

Report / IndicesPublishing (Organisations)
Index of Economic FreedomHeritage Foundation
Intellectual Property IndexUS Chamber of Commerce
Global Peace IndexInstitute of Economics & Peace (IEP), Australia
Global Terrorism IndexIEP
Global Talent Competitiveness IndexINSEAD, Adecco Group, and the Human Capital Leadership Institute of Singapore
City Momentum IndexJLL Real Estate Services, US
State of Global Air 2017 ReportHealth Effects Institute, Boston
Global Ecological FootprintGlobal Footprint Network
Social Progress IndexSocial Progress Imperative

Reports Related to India

Report / IndicesPublishing Organisations
India State of Forest ReportForest Survey of India (FSI)
Report Card of Swachh Bharat MissionQuality Council of India
National Air Quality IndicesCentral Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
National Ambient Air Quality StandardCPCB
India Innovation IndexNITI Aayog, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Confederation of Indian Industry(CII)
Performance of Health Outcome IndexNITI Aayog
Interest Subvention ReportReserve Bank of India (RBI)
Financial Stability ReportReserve Bank of India (RBI)
Internet Readiness IndexInternet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI)
RESIDEXNational Housing Bank
Annual Survey of Education ReportPRATHAM
School Education Quality Index (SEQI)NITI Aagyog and MHRD
India Social Development ReportThe Council of Social Development
Red Data BookBotanical Survey of India
Municipal Performance IndexMinistry of housing and urban affairs
Ease of living indexMinistry of housing and urban affairs

International Organization for Migration

  • The flagship publication series of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the “World Migration Report” presents data and information on human migration together with analysis of complex and emerging migration issues. It is released biennially.
  • It was first published by IOM in 2000 with the aim of promoting “a better understanding of the main migratory movements that are occurring across the globe.”
  • The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.
  • In September 2016, IOM became a related organization of the United Nations.
  • It was initially established in 1951 as the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM) to help resettle people displaced by World War II.
  • As of 2021, the International Organization for Migration has 173 member states and nine observer states.

Annual State of Education Report (ASER)

  • ASER is a nationwide survey of rural education and learning outcomes in terms of reading and arithmetic skills.
  • It has been conducted by the NGO Pratham.
    • Pratham is one of the largest non-governmental organizations in India.
    • It works towards the provision of quality education to the underprivileged children in India.
    • Headquarters – Mumbai, Delhi.

Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report

  • Originally the EFA Global Monitoring Report, it has been renamed as the Global Education Monitoring Report.
  • It is developed by an independent team and published by UNESCO aimed to sustain commitment towards Education for All.
  • The ‘UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS), based in Montreal provides data for the report on students, teachers, school performance, adult literacy, and education expenditure.
  • GEM Report assesses progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) on education and its ten targets, as well as other related education targets in the SDG agenda.

Freedom in the World Report

  • Freedom in the World is a yearly survey and report published by USA-based human rights watchdog Freedom House, which is largely funded through USA government grants, has been tracking the course of democracy since 1941.
  • Scores are based on:
    • Political rights indicators such as the electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and government functioning.
    • Civil liberties indicators are related to freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, the rule of law and personal autonomy, and individual rights.
    • Countries are declared as “free”, “partly free” or “not free”.

World Press Freedom Index

  • It has been published every year since 2002 by Reporters Sans Frontieres (RSF) or Reporters Without Borders.
  • Based in Paris, RSF is an independent NGO with consultative status with the United Nations, UNESCO, the Council of Europe, and the International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF).
    • OIF is a 54 french speaking nation’s collective.
  • The Index ranks 180 countries and regions according to the level of freedom available to journalists.
  • The parameters include
    • pluralism,
    • media independence,
    • media environment and self-censorship,
    • legislative framework,
    • transparency,
    • and the quality of the infrastructure that supports the production of news and information.
  • It is compiled by means of a questionnaire in 20 languages that are completed by experts all over the world. This qualitative analysis is combined with quantitative data on abuses and acts of violence against journalists during the period evaluated.

National Cyber Power Index

  • National Cyber Power Index‘ published by the Belfer Center of Harvard Kennedy School, USA.
  • NCPI measures 30 countries’ cyber capabilities in the context of seven national objectives, using 32 intent indicators and 27 capability indicators with evidence collected from publicly available data.

Readers can update the names of any important reports (if we missed any) in the comment section below. Do let us know your feedback in the comments. Thanks in advance.

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Malaya Ranjan Biswal

1-Global education report
2- annual status of education report
3-natioal cyber power index
4-freedom in the world


Asia power index


Democracy index