Manipuri Literature Syllabus: Paper-1

Section A

Language :

a) General characteristics of Manipuri Language and history of its development; its importance and status among the Tibeto-Burman Languages of North-East India; recent development in the study of Manipuri language; evolution and study of old Manipuri script.

b) Significant features of Manipuri language :

  • Phonology-Phoneme-vowels, consonants juncture, tone, consonant cluster and its occurrence, syllable-its structure, pattern and types.
  • Morphology: Word-class, root and its types; affix and its types; grammatical categories-gender, number, person, case, tense and aspects, process of compounding (samas and sandhi).
  • Syntax: Word order: types of sentences, phrase and clause structures.
Section B

a) Literary History of Manipuri :

  • Early period (upto 17th century)-Social and cultural background; Themes, diction and style of the works.
  • Medieval period (18th and 19th century)- Social, religious and political background; Themes, diction and style of the works.
  • Modern period-Growth of major literary forms; change of Themes, diction and style.

b) Manipuri Folk Literature :

  • Legend, Folktale, Folksong, Ballad, Proverb and Riddle.

c) Aspects of Manipuri Culture :

  • Pre-Hindu Manipuri Faith; Advent of Hinduism and the process of syncreticism.
  • Performing arts-Lai Haraoba, Maha Ras; Indegenous games-Sagol Kangjei, Khong Kangjei, Kang.

Manipuri Literature Syllabus: Paper-2

Answers must be written in Manipuri

This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability to assess them.

Section A – Old and Medieval Manipuri Literature

a) Old Manipuri Literature

  • O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.): Numit Kappa
  • M. Gourachandra Singh (Ed.): Thawanthaba Hiran
  • N. Khelchandra Singh (Ed.): Naothingkhong Phambal Kaba
  • M. Chandra Singh (Ed.): Panthoibi Khonggul

b) Medieval Manipuri Literature :

  • M. Chandra Singh (Ed.): Samsok Ngamba
  • R.K.Snahal Singh (Ed.): Ramayana Adi Kanda
  • N. Khelchandra SIngh (Ed.): Dhananjoy Laibu Ningba
  • O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.): Chandrakirti Jila Changba
Section B – Modern Manipuri Literature

a) Poetry and Epic

(I) Poetry

  • a) Manipuri Sheireng (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad, 1988 (ed.)
    • Kh. Chaoba Singh : Pi Thadoi, Lamgi Chekla Amada, Loktak
    • Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Nirjanata, Nirab Rajani
    • A. Minaketan Singh : Kamalda, Nonggumlakkhoda
    • L. Samarendra Singh : Ingagi Nong, Mamang Leikai Thambal Satle
    • E. Nilakanta Singh : Manipur, Lamangnaba
    • Shri Biren : Tangkhul Hui
    • Th. Ibopishak : Anouba Thunglaba Jiba
  • b) Kanchi Sheireng. (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.)
    • Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Biswa-Prem
    • Shri Biren : Chaphadraba Laigi Yen
    • Th. Ibopishak : Norok Patal Prithivi

(II) Epic

  • A. Dorendrajit Singh : Kansa Bodha
  • H. Anganghal Singh : Khamba-Thoibi Sheireng (San-Senba, Lei Langba, Shamu Khonggi Bichar)

(III) Drama

  • S. Lalit Singh : Areppa Marup
  • G.C. Tongbra : Matric Pass
  • A. Samarendra : Judge Sahebki Imung

b) Novel, Short-story and Prose

(I) Novel

  • Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Madhabi
  • H. Anganghal Singh : Jahera
  • H. Guno Singh : Laman
  • Pacha Meetei : Imphal Amasung, Magi Ishing, Nungsitki Phibam

(II) Short-story

  • a) Kanchi Warimacha (Pub) Manipur University 1997 (ed.)
    • R.K. Shitaljit Singh : Kamala Kamala
    • M.K. Binodini : Eigi Thahoudraba Heitup Lalu
    • Kh. Prakash : Wanom Shareng
  • b) Parishadki Khangatlaba Warimacha (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad 1994 (ed.)
    • S. Nilbir Shastri : Loukhatpa
    • R.K. Elangba : Karinunggi
  • c) Anouba Manipuri Warimacha (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)
    • N. Kunjamohon Singh : Ijat Tanba
    • E. Dinamani : Nongthak Khongnang

(III) Prose

  • a) Warenggi Saklon [Due Part (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)
    • Kh. Chaoba Singh : Khamba-Thoibigi Wari Amasung Mahakavya
  • b) Kanchi Wareng (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.
    • B. Manisana Shastri : Phajaba
    • Ch. Manihar Singh : Lai-Haraoba
  • c) Apunba Wareng. (Pub) Manipur University, 1986 (ed.)
    • Ch. Pishak Singh: Samaj Amasung, Sanskriti
    • M.K. Binodini: Thoibidu Warouhouida
    • Eric Newton: Kalagi Mahousa (translated by I.R. Babu)
  • d) Manipuri Wareng (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1999 (ed.)
    • S. Krishnamohan Singh : Lan

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