Malayalam Literature Syllabus: Paper-1

Section A
  • Unit 1- Early phase of Malayalam Language
    • Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit.
    • Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajaraja Varma.
    • Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later pattu works-Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
  • Unit 2- Linguistic features of
    • Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravala works- Champu, Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravala works-medieval Champu and Aattakkatha.
    • Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs.
    • Early Malayalam prose- Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmanda Puranam, Atta Prakaram, Krama Dipika and Nambiantamil.
  • Unit 3- Standardisation of Malayalam
    • Peculiarities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullal.
    • Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam.
    • Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam: Malayalam as administrative language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.
Section B – Literary History
  • Unit-4 Ancient and Medieval Literature
    • Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
    • Manipravala-early and medieval manipravala works including aattakkatha and champu.
    • Folk literature.
    • Kilippattu, Thullal and Mahakavya.
  • Unit 5- Modern Literature-Poetry
    • Venmani poets and contemporaries.
    • The advent of Romanticism-Poetry of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol
    • Poetry after Kavitraya.
    • Modernism in Malayalam poetry.
  • Unit 6- Modern Literature-Prose
    • Drama
    • Novel
    • Short story
    • Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.

Malayalam Literature Syllabus: Paper-2

Section A
  • Unit 1
    • Ramacharitam-Pattalam 1.
    • Kannassa Ramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.
    • Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana
    • Mahabharatham Kilippattu- Bhishma Parvam.
  • Unit 2
    • Kumaran Asan-Chinthavishtayaya Sitha.
    • Vailoppilli-Kudiyozhikkal.
    • G. Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan.
    • N.V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.
  • Unit 3
    • ONV -Bhumikkoru Charamagitam
    • Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.
    • Akkitham-PaudathaMessanthi
    • Attur Ravivarma-Megharupan.
Section B
  • Unit 4
    • O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha
    • Thakazhy-Chemmin.
    • O V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.
  • Unit 5
    • MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).
    • N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection).
    • C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.
  • Unit 6
    • Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharatanatyam
    • M. K Sanu-Nakshathrangalude snehabhajanam
    • V.T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.

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