Ultra Mega Power Projects

Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) are a series of ambitious power stations planned by the Government of India. This would entail the creation of an additional capacity of at least 100,000 MW by 2022. Ultra Mega Power Projects, each with a capacity of 4000 MW or above, are being developed with the aim of bridging this gap.

The UMPPs are seen as an expansion of the MPP (Mega Power Projects) projects that the Government of India undertook in the 1990s, but met with limited success.

UMPPs are very large-sized projects, approximately 4000 MW each involving an estimated investment of about $ 4 billion.

The UMPPS in India is coal based and are to be developed on tariff based competitive bidding route using Super Critical Technology on build, own, and operate (BOT)

The power generated by UMPPs is to be sold to States and SEBs.

The Ultra Mega Power Projects would use Super Critical Technology with a view to achieve higher levels of fuel efficiency, which results in fuel-saving and lower greenhouse gas emissions. There has been flexibility provided in unit size subject to the adoption of specified minimum Supercritical parameters.

Each UMPP would be an integrated power project with dedicated captive coal blocks for pithead projects. However, the Coastal projects would be using imported coal.

List of UMPPs

Name of UMPPState
Bhedabahal Ultra Mega Power ProjectOdisha
Cheyyur Ultra Mega Power ProjectTamil Nadu
Etah Ultra Mega Power ProjectUttar Pradesh
Ghogarpalli Ultra Mega Power ProjectOdisha
Girye Ultra Mega Power ProjectMaharashtra
Kakwara Ultra Mega Power ProjectBihar
Krishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power ProjectAndhra Pradesh
Mundra Ultra Mega Power ProjectGujarat
Nayunipalli Ultra Mega Power ProjectAndhra Pradesh
Sakhigopal Ultra Mega Power ProjectOdisha
Sasan Ultra Mega Power ProjectMadhya Pradesh
Surguja Ultra Mega Power ProjectChhattisgarh
Tadri Ultra Mega Power ProjectKarnataka
Tilaiya Ultra Mega Power ProjectJharkhand
Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP)
Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP)


  • Located on the coast of the Gulf of Kachchh in the Kachchh region
  • Obtained by the Tata Power in a bid
  • Imported coal, especially from Australia will be utilized in this coast – based UMPP.


  • Pithead based UMPP located in eastern Madhya Pradesh
  • Given to the Reliance Power.


  • A pithead based UMPP to be located in the Sarguja district in northern Chhattisgarh
  • The Ministry of Environment and Forests has refused to give environmental clearance for the proposed Hasdeo coal block, which was awarded to it.


  • A proposed site of a UMPP in the Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra, the southern most district of the state
  • It will be a coastal-based project with mandatory imported coal.


  • A coastal–based UMPP to be located in Karwar district of Karnataka
  • Imported coal and sea water will be used.


  • A coastal–based UMPP located 100km south of Chennai in Tamilnadu
  • Imported coal will be used
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