Thermal Power Plants in India

  • Thermal power plants contribute the largest proportion of electricity into the national power grid of India.
  • As the name suggests, thermal power plants generate electricity by using heat from a fuel source. The heat usually generates steam in a boiler which is then used to run a steam turbine connected to a generator. They are classified according to the heat source as follows:
    • Coal-Fired
    • Gas
    • Diesel or Liquid fuel
    • Geothermal
    • Biomass
    • Waste Material
  • India mainly uses three types of thermal power plants which are listed below along with their installed capacity as of January 2021:
    • Coal: 206404.50 MW
    • Gas: 24956.51 MW
    • Liquid Fuel(Diesel): 509.71 MW
  • The total capacity of thermal power plants as on January 31, 2021, all across India is  231870.72 MW.
  • The electricity generated by these plants adds up to 71% of the total power generation in the country.
thermal power plant

Installed GENERATION CAPACITY(FUELWISE) As on 31.08.2021

Fossil Fuel2,34,85860.9%
Total Fossil Fuel2,34,25860.4%
Non-Fossil Fuel  
RES (Incl. Hydro)1,47,09637.9%
Hydro46,41212.0 %
Wind, Solar & Other RE1,00,68325.9 %
Total Non-Fossil Fuel1,53,87639.6%
Total Installed Capacity(Fossil Fuel & Non-Fossil Fuel)3,88,134100%
power generation capacity in india
Thermal Power Plants in India
Thermal Power Plants in India

List of Thermal Power Plants in India

Thermal Power PlantLocationState
Amarkantak TPSChachaiMadhya Pradesh
Anpara TPSAnparaUttar Pradesh
Anta Thermal Power StationAntaRajasthan
Arasmeta CPP (private)JanjgirChattisgarh
Auraiya Thermal Power StationDibiyapurUttar Pradesh
Badarpur TPPBadarpurNCT Delhi
Bakreswar TPSSuriWest Bengal
Barauni TPPBarauniBihar
Barsingsar LignitPower Plant eBarsingsarRajasthan
Bellary TPPKudatiniKarnataka
Bhusawal TPSDeepnagarMaharastra
Bokarao Thermal Power Station ‘B’BokaroJharkhand
Chandrapur STPSChandrapurMaharastra
Chandrapura Thermal Power StationChandrapuraJharkhand
Chhabra STPPMothipuraRajasthan
Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram TPPYamunanagarHaryana
Dr Narla Tatarao TPSIbrahimpatnamTelangana
Dr Shyama Prakash Mukharjee TPPChattisgarh
Durgapur Thermal Power StationDurgapurWest Bengal
Durgapur TPPDurgapurWest Bengal
Ennore TPSEnnoreTamilnadu
Farakka STPSNagarunWest Bengal
Faridabad Thermal Power PlantMujediHaryana
Feroz Gandhi Unchahar TPPUnchaharUttar Pradesh
Gandhinagar TPSGandhinagarGujarat
Giral Lignite TPSThumbliRajasthan
Guru Gobind SSTPGhanauliPunjab
Guru Hargobind TPLehra MohabbatPunjab
Guru Nanak dev TPBathindaPunjab
Harduaganj TPSHarduaganjUttar Pradesh
IB Thermal PPBanharpaliOrissa
Indraprashta PSDelhiNCT Delhi
Jhanor-Gandhar TPSUrjanagarGujarat
Jindal Megha PP (private)TamnarChattisgarh
JSW Vijanagar PP-II (private)VijaynagarKarnataka
Kahalgaon STPSKahalgaonBihar
Kakatiya TPSChelpurTelangana
Kaparkheda TPSKaparkhedaMaharastra
Kawas TPSAdityanagarGujarat
Kolaghat TPSMechedaWest Bengal
Koradi TPSKoradiMaharastra
Korba STPPJamani PalliChattisgarh
Kothagudem TPSPalonchaTelangana
Kothagudem V stage TPSPalonchaTelangana
Kutch Lignite TPSPanandhroGujarat
Lanco Amarkantak TPP (private)PathadiChattisgarh
Lanco Udupi TPP (private)NandikoorKarnataka
Mejia Thermal Power StationDurlavpurWest Bengal
Mettur TPSMetturdamTamilnadu
Muzaffarpur TPPKantiBihar
Nashik TPSNashikMaharastra
National Capital TPPVidyutnagarUttar Pradesh
Neyveli TPS 1NeyveliTamilnadu
Neyveli TPS 2NeyveliTamilnadu
North Chennai TPSAthipattuTamilnadu
Obra TPSObraUttar Pradesh
Panipat TPP 1AssanHaryana
Panipat TPP 2AssanHaryana
Panki TPSPankiUttar Pradesh
Paras TPSVidyutnagarMaharastra
Pariccha TPSParicchaUttar Pradesh
Parli TPSParli-VaijnathMaharastra
Raichur Super TPSRaichurKarnataka
Rajghat PSDelhiNCT Delhi
Rajiv Gandhi CCPPKayamkulamKerala
Rajwest Lignite Power Plant (private)Rajasthan
Ramagundam B TPSRamagundamTelangana
Ramagundam STPSJyothi NagarTelangana
Rayalaseema TPSCuddapahTelangana
Rihand TPPRihand NagarUttar Pradesh
Rosa TPP (private)RosaUttar Pradesh
Sabarmati TPS (Private)AhamadabadGujarat
Sagardighi TPSManigramWest Bengal
Sanjay Gandhi TPSBirsinghpurMadhya Pradesh
Santaldih TPSWest Bengal
Satpura TPSSarniMadhya Pradesh
Sikka TPSJamnagarGujarat
Simhadri STPSSimhadriAndhra Pradesh
Singrauli Super Thermal Power StationShaktinagarUttar Pradesh
Sipat TPPSipatChattisgarh
Surat Lignite TPSNani NaroliGujarat
Suratgarh STPSSuratgarhRajasthan
Talcher STPSKanihaOrissa
Talcher TPPTalcherOrissa
Tanda TPPVidyutnagarUttar Pradesh
Tuticorin TPSTuticorinTamilnadu
Ukai TPSUkai damGujarat
Vindhyachal STPSVidhya NagarMadhya Pradesh
VS Lignite Power Plant (private)GurhaRajasthan
Wanakbori TPSWanakboriGujarat

* TPS – Thermal Power Station
* STPS – Super Thermal Power Station
* TPP – Thermal Power Plant

major thermal power plants in india


  • Uran is part of the Navi Mumbai, lying in the Raigarh district near Panvel
  • Uran Electric Project is Asia’s first power plant that runs on gas
  • A SEZ has been developed here


  • Located at Anjanwel, Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra
  • The plant was built by the Dabhol Power Company
  • Due to political controversy its operation has been interrupted on several occasions.


  • Located on the Trombay Island, to the southeast of the Salsette Island
  • BARC is located here.


  • Gas-based 645 MW power plant, located in the Surat district of Gujarat
  • Started power generation in 1992
  • Uses gas from South Bassein Gas Field and water from Hazira Branch Canal
  • Beneficiaries –Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa.


  • 2 units of 120 MW each
  • Located near Jamnagar
  • Coal-based power station


  • Gas-based power station located on the bank of Tapi River near Surat
  • India’s first 370 MW gas–based combined cycle power station


  • 534 MW (Oil and Gas)
  • The first power plant of Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB)
  • Located near Khambhat in the Anand district
  • All the units are built by the General Electric of the USA.


  • NTPC power plant -2600 MW
  • An industrial town in the Karimnagar district of Telangana in the northern part of the state between the Godavari and the Maher rivers
  • Known as ‘the City of Energy’
  • Currently the largest power station of S. India
  • First ISO 14004 certified super thermal power plants in India.


  • Located to the east of Singareni in the Khammam district of Telangana
  • Thermal power plant – 1680 MW
  • Producer of low quality coal used for the thermal power generation
  • Known as the Coal Town of S. India.


  • Located on the bank of the Godavari in the Khammam district of AP
  • Bhadrachalam Temple devoted to the Lord Rama is a famous Hindu pilgrimage site.


  • 1260 MW installed capacity
  • Located on the bank of the Rupnarayan River in Midnapore East district of West Bengal
  • Has the largest state sector power plant of West Bengal.


  • Thermal power plant located in the Birbhum district of WB, on the bank of the Bakreshwar River
  • Installed Capacity – 1050 MW


  • 413 MW
  • Located on the bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Dhubri district, in western Assam.


  • 2300 MW
  • Located in the Cuddalore district of Tamilnadu, west of Puducherry
  • Uses the locally mined lignite coals for power generation
  • Managed by the Neyveli Lignite Corporation


  • Located in the Sonbhadra district in the southern UP, on the bank of the Son River
  • The coal-powered thermal power station has 13 units with the total capacity of 1550 MW


  • Located in the Aligarh district in western Uttar Pradesh
  • Coal based power plant has 7 units and the total capacity of 665 MW
  • The place is also known as Kasimpur Power House


  • Owned and operated by NTPC, is located in the Rae Bareli district of Uttar Pradesh
  • Coal is supplied from the Jharia and North Karanpura coal fields
  • Produces about 1050 MW of power from its 4 units of 210 MW each.


  • Located in southwestern Uttar Pradesh in the Firozabad district, 24km away from Agra
  • Important town of the British period
  • Bollywood actor Raj Babbar belongs to this place.


  • Largest coalfield of Madhya Pradesh in the eastern part of the state
  • Thermal power plant of NTPC – 2000 MW
  • The power palnt is located in the Singrauli district of UP.


  • 1142 MW
  • Located at Sarni in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh
  • One of the largest power plants of MP
  • Satpura Dam is built specifically for the power plant


  • Located near the border of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
  • Source of the Narmada, Son, and tributary of Mahanadi
  • Forms radial drainage pattern
  • Famous tourist and pilgrimage center
  • Has a thermal power plant (450 MW) nearby it


  • Located on the bank of the Hasdo River in Chhattisgarh
  • Coal producing region
  • Aluminium plant (BALCO)
  • Thermal power generation
  • NTPC Plant – 2600 MW


  • A million plus city of Haryana, a suburb of Delhi to its southeast
  • An industrial city and container depot
  • Thermal power plant – 60 MW
  • Gas based thermal power plant – 430 MW


  • Located between Karnal (N) and Sonipat on the NH-1(old numbering)
  • Site of the historical battles (3 famous wars)
  • Thermal power plant – 440 MW + 920 MW


  • Located in the southern part of Delhi near the city of Faridabad (Haryana )
  • Thermal power plant – 705 MW


  • Located in the valley of the Chambal
  • Named after Koteah Clan of the Bhils
  • Kota Barrage and Rawatbhata are very close to it
  • Located on the NH-12
  • Famous for Kota stones (marbles )
  • Thermal power plant – 1241 MW


  • Located in Rajasthan
  • Palana is known for lignite mines near Bikaner, which will be used in the plant
  • The installed capacity – 120 MW (2X60 MW)


  • Located to the north of Kota
  • Important solar energy producing centre
  • Thermal power plant -413 MW
  • It is a gas based power plant.


  • Located in the eastern part of Rajasthan, close to the confluence of the Banas and the Chambal
  • Ranthambore National Park in the vicinity
  • Thermal power plant is also located


  • Located in the the Dibrugarh district , in the extreme northeastern part of Assam
  • First place in India where a heavy natural gas based fertilizer factory was established
  • Thermal power plant – 111.5 MW
  • Has substantial coal mining activities
  • Petro-chemical industry
  • Surrounded by large tea – gardens


  • Located in the western part of Assam.
  • Has a petroleum refinery receiving oil from Digboi
  • A thermal power plant -120 MW


  • Located along the left bank of the Ganga in the Begusarai district of Bihar
  • Important industrial town – Oil refinery, fertilizers, thermal power
  • Themal power capacity – 255 MW
  • Linked by a pipeline to the oilfields of Assam.


  • NTPC thermal power plant – 1840 MW
  • Located in the Bhagalpur district, on the banks of the Ganga
  • The final capacity will be 2340 MW.


  • It is located in the Baran district of Rajasthan.
  • It is a cool-fired power plant.
  • The planned capacity of the power plant will be 2650 MW at the end of the 12th Five Year Plan.


  • It is located in the Ganganagar district of Rajasthan.
  • It is the first super thermal power station of the state.
  • It has 6 units of 250 MW each.


  • It is located in the Barmer district of Rajasthan.
  • It is a lignite-based power plant and it has 2 lignite-fired turbines.
  • It total installed capacity is 250 MW.


  • It is located in the Jhansi district at of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It gets coal from Jharkhand.
  • It has five units and its total installed capacity is 890 MW.
  • The sixth unit is in progress.


  • It is located in the Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is a private power plant, owned by a subsidiary company of Reliance Power.
  • It is a coal-based power plant and its total installed capacity is 1200MW.
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Sagar Sharma

Thank you sir