In this article, You will read the List of important Thermal Power Plants in India – for UPSC IAS.
Thermal Power Plants in India
- Thermal power plants contribute the largest proportion of electricity into the national power grid of India.
- As the name suggests, thermal power plants generate electricity by using heat from a fuel source. The heat usually generates steam in a boiler which is then used to run a steam turbine connected to a generator. They are classified according to the heat source as follows:
- Diesel or Liquid fuel
- Waste Material
- India mainly uses three types of thermal power plants which are listed below along with their installed capacity as of January 2021:
- The total capacity of thermal power plants as on January 31, 2021, all across India is 231870.72 MW.
- The electricity generated by these plants adds up to 71% of the total power generation in the country.
Installed GENERATION CAPACITY(FUELWISE) As on 31.08.2021
|CATAGORY||INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY(MW)||% of SHARE IN Total|
|Total Fossil Fuel||2,34,258||60.4%|
|RES (Incl. Hydro)||1,47,096||37.9%|
|Wind, Solar & Other RE||1,00,683||25.9 %|
|Total Non-Fossil Fuel||1,53,876||39.6%|
|Total Installed Capacity(Fossil Fuel & Non-Fossil Fuel)||3,88,134||100%|
List of Thermal Power Plants in India
|Thermal Power Plant||Location||State|
|Amarkantak TPS||Chachai||Madhya Pradesh|
|Anpara TPS||Anpara||Uttar Pradesh|
|Anta Thermal Power Station||Anta||Rajasthan|
|Arasmeta CPP (private)||Janjgir||Chattisgarh|
|Auraiya Thermal Power Station||Dibiyapur||Uttar Pradesh|
|Badarpur TPP||Badarpur||NCT Delhi|
|Bakreswar TPS||Suri||West Bengal|
|Barsingsar LignitPower Plant e||Barsingsar||Rajasthan|
|Bokarao Thermal Power Station ‘B’||Bokaro||Jharkhand|
|Chandrapura Thermal Power Station||Chandrapura||Jharkhand|
|Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram TPP||Yamunanagar||Haryana|
|Dr Narla Tatarao TPS||Ibrahimpatnam||Telangana|
|Dr Shyama Prakash Mukharjee TPP||—||Chattisgarh|
|Durgapur Thermal Power Station||Durgapur||West Bengal|
|Durgapur TPP||Durgapur||West Bengal|
|Farakka STPS||Nagarun||West Bengal|
|Faridabad Thermal Power Plant||Mujedi||Haryana|
|Feroz Gandhi Unchahar TPP||Unchahar||Uttar Pradesh|
|Giral Lignite TPS||Thumbli||Rajasthan|
|Guru Gobind SSTP||Ghanauli||Punjab|
|Guru Hargobind TP||Lehra Mohabbat||Punjab|
|Guru Nanak dev TP||Bathinda||Punjab|
|Harduaganj TPS||Harduaganj||Uttar Pradesh|
|IB Thermal PP||Banharpali||Orissa|
|Indraprashta PS||Delhi||NCT Delhi|
|Jindal Megha PP (private)||Tamnar||Chattisgarh|
|JSW Vijanagar PP-II (private)||Vijaynagar||Karnataka|
|Kolaghat TPS||Mecheda||West Bengal|
|Korba STPP||Jamani Palli||Chattisgarh|
|Kothagudem V stage TPS||Paloncha||Telangana|
|Kutch Lignite TPS||Panandhro||Gujarat|
|Lanco Amarkantak TPP (private)||Pathadi||Chattisgarh|
|Lanco Udupi TPP (private)||Nandikoor||Karnataka|
|Mejia Thermal Power Station||Durlavpur||West Bengal|
|National Capital TPP||Vidyutnagar||Uttar Pradesh|
|Neyveli TPS 1||Neyveli||Tamilnadu|
|Neyveli TPS 2||Neyveli||Tamilnadu|
|North Chennai TPS||Athipattu||Tamilnadu|
|Obra TPS||Obra||Uttar Pradesh|
|Panipat TPP 1||Assan||Haryana|
|Panipat TPP 2||Assan||Haryana|
|Panki TPS||Panki||Uttar Pradesh|
|Pariccha TPS||Pariccha||Uttar Pradesh|
|Raichur Super TPS||Raichur||Karnataka|
|Rajghat PS||Delhi||NCT Delhi|
|Rajiv Gandhi CCPP||Kayamkulam||Kerala|
|Rajwest Lignite Power Plant (private)||—||Rajasthan|
|Ramagundam B TPS||Ramagundam||Telangana|
|Ramagundam STPS||Jyothi Nagar||Telangana|
|Rihand TPP||Rihand Nagar||Uttar Pradesh|
|Rosa TPP (private)||Rosa||Uttar Pradesh|
|Sabarmati TPS (Private)||Ahamadabad||Gujarat|
|Sagardighi TPS||Manigram||West Bengal|
|Sanjay Gandhi TPS||Birsinghpur||Madhya Pradesh|
|Santaldih TPS||—||West Bengal|
|Satpura TPS||Sarni||Madhya Pradesh|
|Simhadri STPS||Simhadri||Andhra Pradesh|
|Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station||Shaktinagar||Uttar Pradesh|
|Surat Lignite TPS||Nani Naroli||Gujarat|
|Tanda TPP||Vidyutnagar||Uttar Pradesh|
|Ukai TPS||Ukai dam||Gujarat|
|Vindhyachal STPS||Vidhya Nagar||Madhya Pradesh|
|VS Lignite Power Plant (private)||Gurha||Rajasthan|
* TPS – Thermal Power Station
* STPS – Super Thermal Power Station
* TPP – Thermal Power Plant
- Uran is part of the Navi Mumbai, lying in the Raigarh district near Panvel
- Uran Electric Project is Asia’s first power plant that runs on gas
- A SEZ has been developed here
- Located at Anjanwel, Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra
- The plant was built by the Dabhol Power Company
- Due to political controversy its operation has been interrupted on several occasions.
- Located on the Trombay Island, to the southeast of the Salsette Island
- BARC is located here.
- Gas-based 645 MW power plant, located in the Surat district of Gujarat
- Started power generation in 1992
- Uses gas from South Bassein Gas Field and water from Hazira Branch Canal
- Beneficiaries –Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa.
- 2 units of 120 MW each
- Located near Jamnagar
- Coal-based power station
- Gas-based power station located on the bank of Tapi River near Surat
- India’s first 370 MW gas–based combined cycle power station
- 534 MW (Oil and Gas)
- The first power plant of Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB)
- Located near Khambhat in the Anand district
- All the units are built by the General Electric of the USA.
- NTPC power plant -2600 MW
- An industrial town in the Karimnagar district of Telangana in the northern part of the state between the Godavari and the Maher rivers
- Known as ‘the City of Energy’
- Currently the largest power station of S. India
- First ISO 14004 certified super thermal power plants in India.
- Located to the east of Singareni in the Khammam district of Telangana
- Thermal power plant – 1680 MW
- Producer of low quality coal used for the thermal power generation
- Known as the Coal Town of S. India.
- Located on the bank of the Godavari in the Khammam district of AP
- Bhadrachalam Temple devoted to the Lord Rama is a famous Hindu pilgrimage site.
- 1260 MW installed capacity
- Located on the bank of the Rupnarayan River in Midnapore East district of West Bengal
- Has the largest state sector power plant of West Bengal.
- Thermal power plant located in the Birbhum district of WB, on the bank of the Bakreshwar River
- Installed Capacity – 1050 MW
- 413 MW
- Located on the bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Dhubri district, in western Assam.
- 2300 MW
- Located in the Cuddalore district of Tamilnadu, west of Puducherry
- Uses the locally mined lignite coals for power generation
- Managed by the Neyveli Lignite Corporation
- Located in the Sonbhadra district in the southern UP, on the bank of the Son River
- The coal-powered thermal power station has 13 units with the total capacity of 1550 MW
- Located in the Aligarh district in western Uttar Pradesh
- Coal based power plant has 7 units and the total capacity of 665 MW
- The place is also known as Kasimpur Power House
- Owned and operated by NTPC, is located in the Rae Bareli district of Uttar Pradesh
- Coal is supplied from the Jharia and North Karanpura coal fields
- Produces about 1050 MW of power from its 4 units of 210 MW each.
- Located in southwestern Uttar Pradesh in the Firozabad district, 24km away from Agra
- Important town of the British period
- Bollywood actor Raj Babbar belongs to this place.
- Largest coalfield of Madhya Pradesh in the eastern part of the state
- Thermal power plant of NTPC – 2000 MW
- The power palnt is located in the Singrauli district of UP.
- 1142 MW
- Located at Sarni in the Betul district of Madhya Pradesh
- One of the largest power plants of MP
- Satpura Dam is built specifically for the power plant
- Located near the border of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
- Source of the Narmada, Son, and tributary of Mahanadi
- Forms radial drainage pattern
- Famous tourist and pilgrimage center
- Has a thermal power plant (450 MW) nearby it
- Located on the bank of the Hasdo River in Chhattisgarh
- Coal producing region
- Aluminium plant (BALCO)
- Thermal power generation
- NTPC Plant – 2600 MW
- A million plus city of Haryana, a suburb of Delhi to its southeast
- An industrial city and container depot
- Thermal power plant – 60 MW
- Gas based thermal power plant – 430 MW
- Located between Karnal (N) and Sonipat on the NH-1(old numbering)
- Site of the historical battles (3 famous wars)
- Thermal power plant – 440 MW + 920 MW
- Located in the southern part of Delhi near the city of Faridabad (Haryana )
- Thermal power plant – 705 MW
- Located in the valley of the Chambal
- Named after Koteah Clan of the Bhils
- Kota Barrage and Rawatbhata are very close to it
- Located on the NH-12
- Famous for Kota stones (marbles )
- Thermal power plant – 1241 MW
- Located in Rajasthan
- Palana is known for lignite mines near Bikaner, which will be used in the plant
- The installed capacity – 120 MW (2X60 MW)
- Located to the north of Kota
- Important solar energy producing centre
- Thermal power plant -413 MW
- It is a gas based power plant.
- Located in the eastern part of Rajasthan, close to the confluence of the Banas and the Chambal
- Ranthambore National Park in the vicinity
- Thermal power plant is also located
- Located in the the Dibrugarh district , in the extreme northeastern part of Assam
- First place in India where a heavy natural gas based fertilizer factory was established
- Thermal power plant – 111.5 MW
- Has substantial coal mining activities
- Petro-chemical industry
- Surrounded by large tea – gardens
- Located in the western part of Assam.
- Has a petroleum refinery receiving oil from Digboi
- A thermal power plant -120 MW
- Located along the left bank of the Ganga in the Begusarai district of Bihar
- Important industrial town – Oil refinery, fertilizers, thermal power
- Themal power capacity – 255 MW
- Linked by a pipeline to the oilfields of Assam.
- NTPC thermal power plant – 1840 MW
- Located in the Bhagalpur district, on the banks of the Ganga
- The final capacity will be 2340 MW.
- It is located in the Baran district of Rajasthan.
- It is a cool-fired power plant.
- The planned capacity of the power plant will be 2650 MW at the end of the 12th Five Year Plan.
- It is located in the Ganganagar district of Rajasthan.
- It is the first super thermal power station of the state.
- It has 6 units of 250 MW each.
- It is located in the Barmer district of Rajasthan.
- It is a lignite-based power plant and it has 2 lignite-fired turbines.
- It total installed capacity is 250 MW.
- It is located in the Jhansi district at of Uttar Pradesh.
- It gets coal from Jharkhand.
- It has five units and its total installed capacity is 890 MW.
- The sixth unit is in progress.
- It is located in the Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
- It is a private power plant, owned by a subsidiary company of Reliance Power.
- It is a coal-based power plant and its total installed capacity is 1200MW.