List of volcanoes in India – UPSC

In this article, You will read the list of volcanoes in India – for UPSC. This is a list of Quaternary active, dormant/extinct volcanoes & supervolcanoes in India.

Volcanoes are no less than like nature’s beast. They are dangerous and life-threatening. Most of the volcanic eruptions are more powerful than nuclear explosions in nature. Volcanoes are of different types and their different nature defines them differently.

India has the only active volcano in Andaman and Nicobar Island which was dormant for over 150 years has once again started spewing ash since 1991 according to the researchers at the Goa-based National Institute of Oceanography (NIO). 

List of all Volcanoes in India

Barren IslandAndaman IslandsActive since 2017Stratovolcano, Active
NarcondamAndaman Islands1681Stratovolcano, Semi-Dormant
Deccan PlateauCentral India25 Ma BP (million years before present)Unknown
Baratang IslandAndaman IslandsActive since 2003Stratovolcano, Active
Dhinodhar HillsGujarat500 Ma BP (million years before present)Fully Extinct
Dhosi HillHaryana750 Ma BP (million years before present)Extinct
Tosham HillsHaryana732 Ma BP (million years before present)Fully Extinct
Loktak LakeManipur100 Ma BP (million years before present)Unknown
Volcano-lifecycle
Barren Island
  • Barren Island is an island located in the Andaman Sea, dominated by Barren Volcano, the only confirmed active volcano in South Asia, and the only active volcano along a chain of volcanoes from Sumatra to Myanmar.
  • The first recorded eruption of the volcano dates back to 1787. Since then, the volcano has erupted multiple times.
barren island
Narcondam
  • Narcondam is a small volcanic island located in the Andaman Sea.
  • The island’s peak rises to 710 m above mean sea level, and it is formed of andesite. It is part of the Andaman Islands, the main body of which lie approximately 124 km (77 mi) to the west. 
  • The name Narcondam could have been derived from the Tamil word naraka-kundam, meaning “a pit of Hell”.
Deccan Traps
  • The Deccan Trapsare a large igneous province located on the Deccan Plateau of west-central India (17°–24°N, 73°–74°E) and are one of the largest volcanic features on Earth
  • The term “trap” has been used in geology since 1785–1795 for such rock formations.
  • It is derived from the Scandinavian word for stairs (“trappa”) and refers to the step-like hills forming the landscape of the region.
Deccan Traps
Baratang
  • Baratang Island is an island of the Andaman Islands.
  • It belongs to the North and Middle Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Ranchiwalas Island is another name for Baratang Island.
  • Baratang contains the only known examples of mud volcanoes in India. These mud volcanoes have erupted sporadically, with recent eruptions in 2005 believed to have been associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
baratang island
Dhinodhar Hills
  • Dinodhar Hills are located near Nani Aral village, in Nakhatrana Taluka, Kutch District, Gujarat, in India.
  • Dhinodhar hills of Kutch is one of the top and most famous trekking spots in India.
  • Dinodhar Hill is a tourist and pilgrimage spot.
  • Dinodhar Hill, an inactive volcano rising to an elevation of 386 meters.
Dhinodhar Hills
Dhosi Hill
  • Dhosi Hill is an extinct volcano, standing alone in the North-West end of the Aravali mountain range with height varying from about 345 to 470 meters from the surrounding land.
  • It is part of Aravalli Mountain Range, that belongs to the Precambrian Malani igneous suite of rocks Dhosi Hill is located on the borders of the Haryana and Rajasthan.
  • The Haryana portion lies in Mahendragarh district to the south, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from Narnaul on Singhana Road; the Rajasthan portion lies in Jhunjhunu district to the north.
dhosi hill
Tosham Hills
  • The Tosham hills are located in the Northwest spur of the Alwar region in Haryana and stand at an average elevation of 207 meters.
  • The rocks exposed in and around Tosham hills are part of subsurface north western spur of Alwar group of Delhi supergroup of Aravalli Mountain Range, belong to the Precambrian Malani igneous suite of rocks.
  • The main Tusham hill is the second largest hill in the range. It has ancient rock inscriptions and rock paintings, paelo eroded rocky glacial channels and water cascades, and small hilltop lakes.
  • It is one of the major biodiversity sites in Haryana.
Tosham Hill
Tosham Hill (map of Haryana)

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