Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With over 241 million inhabitants, it is the most populated state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world – accounting for 16.5% of the total population of India.

uttar pradesh map

Creation, Name and Capital

Formation of State24 January 1950
Re-formation of the State1 November 1956
Division of State9 November 2000 (Uttarakhand formed after division of 13 districts)
Uttar Pradesh Day24 January
Name of the ProvinceJune 1836 – North-Western Province.
February 1877 – North-Western Province, Agra and Awadh
1902 – United Province, Agra and Awadh
1937 – United Province
24 January 1950: Uttar Pradesh
State CapitalAgra (1836-1858)
Allahabad (1858- 1921) (Now Prayagraj)
Lucknow (1921)

Geographical Features

Area2,40,928 sq. km (93,023 sq. miles)
Percentage Area of India7.33%
Position in India in Terms of Area4th
Location23°52′-30°24′ North Latitude 77°05′-84°39′ East Longitude
Length East to West650 km
Breadth North to South240 km
Urban Area7,562.29 sq.km
Rural Area2,33,365.71 sq. km
District with Highest AreaLakhimpur Kheri (7680 sq. km)
District with Lowest AreaBhadohi (1015 sq. km)
Biggest District with Urban AreaLucknow (471 sq. km)
Smallest District with Urban AreaShravasti (65 sq.km)
Biggest District with Urban PopulationGhaziabad (31.6 lakh)
Smallest District with Urban PopulationShravasti (39,000)
Largest City with Urban PopulationKanpur (1640sq. km)
Most Eastern DistrictBallia
Most Western DistrictShamali
Most Northern DistrictSaharanpur
Most Southern DistrictSonbhadra
Highest RainfallGorakhpur (184.7mm)
Lowest RainfallMathura (54.4mm)
Bordering States and Union TerritoryUttarakhand, Himanchal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Union Territory Delhi (8 states + 1 Union Territory)
District Covered by Maximum StatesSonbhadra (Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh)
Nepal Bordering579 km
Districts Bordering
7 (Muzaffamagar, Saharanpur, Bijnor, Rampur, Moradabad, Pilibhitand Bareilly)
Districts Bordering Bihar7 (Sonbhadra, Balia, Deoria, Ghazipur, Kushinagar, Chandauli and Maharajganj)
Districts Bordering Jharkhand1 (Sonbhadra)
Districts Bordering
Madhya Pradesh
11 (Agra, Lalitpur, Mahoba, Jhansi, Etawah, Jalaun, Banda, Chitrakoot,
Prayagraj, Mirzapur and Sonbhadra)
Districts Bordering
1 (Sonbhadra)
Districts Bordering
2 (Agra, Mathura)
Districts Bordering Haryana6 (Bagpat, Shamali, Saharanpur, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Mathura and Aligarh)
Major RiversGanga, Yamuna, Saryu (Ghaghra), Ram Ganga, Gomti, Ken and Betwa
uttar pradesh district map

Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Irrigation

Gross Cultivated Area26,147 thousand hectares (2014-15)
Net Cultivated Area16,598 thousand hectares (2014-15)
Average Cultivated Size in State0.76 hectare (2010-11)
Total Area of Land Holding17,089 thousand hectares
Number of Land Holding2,29,22,900
Agro-Climate Zone09
Soil Group Zone08
Per Capita Availability of Milk371 g/day
First Milk Union1938, Lucknow
Total Irrigated Area204.03 lakh hectares
Net Irrigated Area144 lakh hectares
Irrigation by Different Sources (2019)
(a) Tubewells
(b) Canals
(c) Wells
(d) Tanks, Lakesand Pond
(e) Other

– 74.9%
– 15.2%
– 8.8%
– 0.5%
– 0.6%
Total Irrigation Potential Created367 lakh hectares
Total Irrigation Capacity Utilisation247 lakh hectares
Total Length of Canals73,996.74 km
Largest Canal SystemSharda
Oldest Canal of the StateEastern Yamuna Canal (1830)
Kisan Bahi Yojna1992
Chakabandi Yojna1954
Kisan Mitra Yojna18 June 2001
E-district Project2009

Transport, Communication and Electricity

Total Length of Roadways in UP765 thousand km
Total Length of National Highways11,737 km
Longest NH that Crosses UP19 (Old National Highway-2)
Uttar Pradesh State Transport Corporation1972
Government Buses11,947(2017-18)
Post Office17, 672
Doordarshan Centre3
Aakashvani Centre13
First Train from Allahabad to Kanpur1859
First Air Services1911 (Allahabad to Naini)
Telephone Exchanges2885
Operating Telephones (2017-18)5,68,962
Per Capita Electricity Consumption392 kWh
Fully Electrified Villages97,814
Per Capita Electricity Production150 kWh
Centres of National Thermal7 Power Corporation
The Only Nuclear Power PlantNarora, Bulandshahr (1989)

State Emblem/Symbol

State Emblem2 Fish in a circle, 1 Bow-Arrow (from 1938)
State AnimalBarasingha/Swamp Deer {Rucervus duvaucelii)
State BirdSarus Crane (Grus antigone)
State FlowerPalash (Butea monosperma)-4 January 2011
State TreeAshoka (Saracaasoca)
First State LanguageHindi (since1947, officially recognised on 26 January 1968)
Second State LanguageUrdu (since 1989)
State Dance FormKathak
State SportHockey
up state emblem
State Emblem

People Representatives

State LegislatureBicameral
Members of Legislative Assembly404 (403Elected+ 1 Nominated)
Members of Legislative Council100
Members of Lok Sabha80
Members of Rajya Sabha31
District with Highest Assembly SeatsPrayagraj (12)
District with Lowest Assembly SeatsShravasti (2), Mahoba (2), Chitrakoot (2)
Researve Seat for SC in Lok Sabha17
Largest Parliament Constituency in Terms of VotersBagpat
Smallest Parliament Constituency in Terms of VotersGhaziabad
First Chief MinisterPandit Govind Ballabh Pant ( 1 April 1946 to 27 December 1954)
First Deputy Chief MinisterChaudhary Narayan Singh
First Woman Chief MinisterSmt. Sucheta Kriplani
Second Woman Chief MinisterMs. Mayawati
Chief Minister of UP for Most Number of TimesMs. Mayawati (4 times)
Chief Ministers of the State, Who Became Prime Ministers of IndiaChaudhary Charan Singh and Shri Vishwanath Pratap Singh
First woman Governor of State and CountrySmt. Sarojini Naidu (15 August 1947 to 2 March 1949)
Governor of UP for the Most Numberof TimesShri Mohammad Shafi Qureshi and Shri B.L. Joshi (2 times)
First Speaker of Legislative AssemblyRajarshi Purushottam Das Tandon
First Chairman of Legislative CouncilChandra Bhall
Chairperson of Legislative Council for the Most Number of TimesVirendra Swaroop
Women Member in 15th and 16th Legislative Assembly23 (5.70%) and 35 (8.68%)
Speaker of Assembly for Most Number of Times
Shri Atmaram Govind Kher (3 times) and Shri Keshari Nandan Tripathi (3 times)
Speaker who Became CM of the StateShripati Mishra and Shri Banarasi Das
President’s Rule in the State10
Nearest President’s Rule10th President’s Rule (8 March 2002 to 3 May 2002)

Administrative Units

Divisions18 (18th Aligarh )
Biggest DivisionKanpur, Lucknow and Meerut (6 Districts in each District)
Smallest DivisionMirzapur, Azamgarh, Basti, Jhansi and Saharanpur (3 district)
75th District of the StateSambhal
Number of Tehsils351
District with Maximum Tehsils8 (Prayagraj)
Cities and Towns915
Total Villages106,774
Populated Villages97,814
Municipal Corporation (Nagar Nigam)17
Nagar Palika Parishad200 (UP 2019)
Nagar Panchayats518
District Panchayats75
Community Development Blocks826
Gram Panchayats58189 (2021-22)
Women Reservation in Panchayats1/3 (33%)
Planned Cities in State3 (Noida, Grater Noida and New Kanpur City)
Housing and Development Council54
Development Authorisation28
Special area Development Authority5

Jail Administration

Total Jail71
Central Jail5 (Agra, Bareilly, Fatehgarh, Naini, Varanasi)
Number of District Jail61
Sub-Jail2 (Devband and Mahoba)
Model Jail1 (Lucknow)
Nari Bandi Niketan1 (Lucknow)
Kishore Sadan1 (Bareilly)
Dr. Sampurnanand Jail Training InstituteLucknow

Judicial Administration

High CourtAllahabad (Bench- Lucknow)
Establishment of High Court17 March 1866
Number of Judges in High Court160
First Chief Justice of High CourtJustice Walter Morgan (from 1866 to 1871 )
First Chief Justice (after Independence)Justice Kamlakant Verma (1946-1947)
Special Court for Economic OffensesLucknow, Agra, Meerut, Varanasi and Bareilly
Industrial Tribunal in the State6 (Allahabad, Lucknow, Meerut, Agra, Kanpur and Gorakhpur)
Labour Court in the State20
First LokayuktaJustice Vishwambhar Dayal (14 September 1977 to 13 September 1982)
7th Lokayukta (Current)Justice Mr. Sanjay Mishra

Important Organisations

Formation of UP State Commission for Backward Class9 March 1993
Formation of UP State Minorities Commission1994
Formation of State Human Rights Commission2002
Formation of UP State Information Commission2005
Formation of State Women Commission2004
Formation of State Security Commission2013
Formation of State Commission for Protection of Child Rights2013


– Male
– Female
– 80.5%
– 69.2%
– Male
– Female
– 76.3%
– 53.7%
Districts with Highest Literacy RateGautam Buddha Nagar (80.1%)
Districts with Lowest Literacy RateShrawasti (46.7%)
Districts with Highest Male Literacy RateGautam Buddha Nagar (88.1%)
Districts with Lowest Male Literacy RateShravasti (57.2%)
Districts with Highest Female Literacy RateKanpur Nagar (75.1%)
Districts with Lowest Female Literacy RateShrawasti (34.8%)
First Hindi Newspaper of StateBanaras Newspaper, 1845
First Urdu Newspaper of StateSardal Newspaper, 1846

Primary and Secondary Educational Institutes

Primary Schools1,64,319
Higher Primary Schools80,583
Formation of State Council of Higher EducationMay 25, 1995
Research and Training Commission1981, Prayagraj
Shakshar Bharat Mission1 October 2009
Right to Education Act, 2009July 2011
Shiksha Mitra Yojana2000-2001
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan2001-2002
Directorate of Secondary Education1972, Prayagraj

University and Central University

Total University75
Central University06
State University31
Graduate Level Government College95
Post Graduate College42
Veterinary University01
Medical University04
Private University29
Deemed Veterinary University01
Deemed Agricultural University01

Forest and Wildlife

Area under Forest Cover (ISFR-2021)14,817 km2 (6.15%)
Total Forest and Tree Cover in UP22,238 km2 (9.23%)
Forest (increase)12.24 km2 (0.08%)
Largest Percentage of Forest CoverSonbhadra
Least Percentage of Forest CoverBhadohi
Oldest Wildlife SanctuaryChandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary (Chandauli)
Wildlife Sanctuaries16
Largest Wildlife SanctuaryHastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary (Meerut)
Smallest Wildlife SanctuaryPatna Wildlife Sanctuary (Eta)
Bird Sanctuaries10
Largest Bird Wildlife SanctuaryLakh Bahosi Bird Sanctuary (Kannauj)
Smallest Bird Wildlife SanctuaryShekha Bird Sanctuary (Aligarh)
National Park01, Dudhwa NP (Khiri)
Crocodile Wildlife SanctuaryChambal River Area (Etawah, Agra)
Dolphin Information CentreChambal River Area (Etawah, Agra)
Elephant Safari ParkNational Chambal Sanctuary, Etawah
Lion Safari ParkNational Chambal Sanctuary, Etawah
Night Safari ParkGreater Noida
WildlifeTraining CentreLucknow and Etawah
Vulture Conservation Breeding Centre01, Farenda (Maharajganj)
Peacock Conservation CentreVrindavan
Number of Tigers205 (2022)
Species of BirdsMore than 500
First Village ForestBelhatthi Village (Sonbhadra)

Cultural Institutes

State Laiit Kala AcademyLucknow, 1962
Bhartendu Natya AcademyLucknow, 1975
Uttar Pradesh Sangeet Natak AcademyLucknow, 1969
College ofArt & CraftLucknow, 1911
National Kathak InstituteLucknow
Indian Council of Folk ArtVaranasi, 1920
Uttar Pradesh Chal Chitra Nigam1975
Cultural Institute of Tribal and Folk ArtLucknow
State Cultural Dance01, Kathak
Bhatkhande Music Institute1966

Park and Cities

Knowledge ParkGreater Noida
Science ParkSandeela (Hardoi)
Defence ParkLucknow, Kanpur, Jhansi
Software Technology Park of IndiaNoida
Apparel ParkTronica City, Ghaziabad
Science & Technology Entrepreneurs ParkKanpur
Leather ParkAgra
Textile ParkKanpur
Aerospace ParkLucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Meerut and Gautam Buddha Nagar
Agro ParkVaranasi and Barabanki
Mega food ParkBahedi, Bareilly
Perfume ParkKannauj
Leather Technology ParkBanthar, Unnao
Buddha Theme ParkVaranasi
First Bio-Technology ParkLucknow
Theme Park (Tourism)Agra
Tronica CityGhaziabad
Electronic CityNoida
Medi CityLucknow
Web CityGhaziabad
Toy CityGreater Noida
Cyber CityKanpur
Plastic CityDibiyapur, Auraiya
Regional Science CityLucknow
Solar CityAgra, Prayagraj, Moradabad
Uttar Pradesh Defence Industrial CorridorLucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Aligarh, Jhansi and Chitrakoot
Kanshiram Smarak SthalLucknow
Lohiya ParkLucknow
Janeshwar Mishra ParkLucknow
Kailash Mansarovar BhawanGhaziabad
First DNA BankLucknow
National Hindi MuseumAgra


First Sugar MillPratappur, Deoria (1903)
Manchester of North IndiaKanpur
Bharat Steel Rolling MillMuzzaffar Nagar
Tata MotorsLucknow
Hindustan Cables LimitedNaini (Prayagraj)
Bharat Electronics LimitedGhaziabad
Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited (BHEL)Jhansi, Varanasi and Jagdishpur
Urea Fertiliser Factory (IFFCO)Bareilly
Paper IndustryLucknow, Saharanpur


According to Census 2011:

State’sTotal Population19,98,12,341
Male Population10,44,80,510
Female Population9,53,31,831
Urban Population4,44,95,063
Rural Population15,53,17,278
Decadal Increase in Population Rate20.2%
Density of Population (per km2)829
Sex Ratio912:1000
Life Expectancy(2013—17)
• Male
• Female
65 years
64.3 years
65.6 years
District with Highest PopulationAllahabad (59,54,351)
District with Lowest PopulationMahoba (8,75,958)
District with Highest DensityGhaziabad (3971)
District with Lowest DensityLalitpur (242)
District with Highest Sex RatioJaunpur (1024)
District with Lowest Sex RatioGautam Buddha Nagar (851)
District with Highest Child Sex RatioBalrampur (950)
District with Lowest Child Sex RatioBagpat(841)
District with Highest Population of STSonbhadra
District with Lowest Population of STBagpat
District with Highest Percentage of STSonbhadra (20.7%)
District with Lowest Percentage of STBagpat (0.001%)
District with Highest Population of SCSitapur
District with Lowest Population of SCBagpat
District with Highest Percentage of SCKaushambi (34.7%)
District with Lowest Percentage of SCBagpat(11.4%)


Economic Zones4
Position of UP in India (GDP)2nd largest economy
Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at Current Prices (2021-22)19.74 Lakh crore
Contribution of Uttar Pradesh in India’s Gross Domestic Product 2019-208.4%
Growth in GSDP at Constant Prices Base Year 2011-124.4%
Growth in GSDP at Current Prices in Year 2018-1914.2%
Per Capita Income (2021-22) as per Base Prices42525
Per Capita Income (2021-22) as per Current Prices70,792
Population Living Below Poverty Line29.43 (2011-12 Tendulkar Committee)
Rank of Uttar Pradesh in Ease of Doing Business (2019-20)2nd (1st Andhra Pradesh)
Position of UP in India according to Sugar Production1st (2nd Maharashtra)
Position of UP in India according to Sugarcane Production1st (2nd Maharashtra, 3rd Karnataka)
First Producing Districts of SugarcaneShamli
Position of UP in India according to Wheat Production1st
Position of UP in India according to Rice Production2nd (1st West Bengal)
Position of UP in India according to Grain Production1st (2nd Madhya Pradesh)
Position of UP in India according to Vegetable Production2nd (1st West Bengal)
Position of UP in India according to Fruit Production3rd (1st Andhra Pradesh)
Position of UP in India according to Pulses Production3rd (1st Madhya Pradesh)

Research Institutes

Indian Institute Toxicology ResearchLucknow
National Botanical Research InstituteLucknow
Central Drug Research InstituteLucknow
National Sugar Research InstituteKanpur
Birbal Sahni Institute of Paleo BotanyLucknow
National Veterinary Research InstituteIzzatnagar
National Research Centre for Agro ForestryJhansi
Indian Sugarcane Research InstituteLucknow
Central Avian Research InstituteIzzatnagar
National Institute of Pulses ResearchKanpur
Indian Institute of Vegetable ResearchVaranasi
Judicial Training and Research InstituteLucknow
Indian Grassland and Fodder Research InstituteJhansi
National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural PropertyLucknow
Central Institute for Research on Goat (CIRG)Mathura
Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science InstitutePrayagraj
Central Pulp and Paper Research InstituteSaharanpur
Indian Institute of Carpet Technology (IICT)Bhadohi
National Institute of BiologicalsNoida
Indian Technological Research CentreLucknow
Harish Chandra Research InstitutePrayagraj
Central Institute of Subtropical HorticultureLucknow
Central Institute of Medicinal andAromatic Plants (CIMAP)Lucknow
Research Design and Standards OrganisationLucknow
National Institute of Cancer Prevention and ResearchNoida
National Bureau of Fish Genetic ResourcesLucknow
StateAlternative Energy Research & Training CentreLucknow
National Institute of Pharmaceuticals Education & Research InstituteRaebareli

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments