Manganese Ore Distribution in India – UPSC

In this article, You will read Manganese Ore Distribution in India – for UPSC IAS.

Manganese

  • Manganese reserve in India is quite satisfactory. Like iron ore, manganese ores are also abundant in the Dharwar and Kuddapa series of the Pre-Cambrian era.
  • Manganese is not found as a free element in nature.
  • It is often found in combination with iron.
  • The most important manganese ore is pyrolusite.
  • Manganese is primarily used in the iron and steel industry.
  • It is the basic raw material for manufacturing steel alloys.
    • 6 kilograms of manganese ore is required for manufacturing one tonne of steel.
  • It is also used in the manufacturing of bleaching powder, insecticides, paints, and batteries.
Manganese Ore

Manganese Ore Distribution in India

  • India processes second largest reserves in the world after Zimbabwe; 430 million tonnes
  • India is the world’s fifth-largest producer after China, Gabon, South Africa, and Australia.
  • Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka are the major manganese ore-producing states.
  • Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh together produce more than half of India’s manganese

State wise reserves of Manganese

  • Odisha (44%),
  • Karnataka (22%),
  • Madhya Pradesh (13%),
  • Maharashtra (8%),
  • Andhra Pradesh (4%)
  • Jharkhand and Goa (3% each),
  • Rajasthan, Gujarat, and West Bengal (remaining 3 percent).
Manganese Ore Distribution in India - UPSC

Madhya Pradesh

  • Produces about 27.08 percent of India’s manganese ore.
  • The main belt extends in Balaghat and Chhindwara districts.
  • It is just an extension of the Nagpur Bhandara belt of Maharashtra.

Maharashtra

  • Produces about 25.25 percent of Indian manganese.
  • The main belt is in Nagpur and Bhandara districts.
  • High-grade ore is found in the Ratnagiri district also.

Odisha

  • Orissa is one of the largest producers of this mineral, here it is found in Sundergarh district and Keonjhar district mainly. (Previously Keonjhar district alone produced 1/4th of the total production of the country).
  • Still, Odisha produces 24% of the country’s production. Apart from there, two districts Kalahandi and Koraput Districts are also important producers of manganese.

Karnataka

  • About 10.92 percent of India’s manganese.
  • Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Bellary, Chitradurga, and Tumkur districts.

Andhra Pradesh

  • About 9.71 of India’s manganese production.
  • Srikakulam and Vishakhapatnam districts.
  • Srikakulam district has the distinction of being the earliest producer (1892) of manganese ore in India.
  • Cuddapah, Vijayanagaram, and Guntur are other manganese-producing districts.

Other producers

  • Goa,
  • Panchmahals and Vadodara in Gujarat,
  • Udaipur and Banswara in Rajasthan and
  • Singhbhum and Dhanbad districts in Jharkhand are other producers of manganese.
Manganese Ore Distribution

Export of Manganese

  • Four-fifths of the total production is consumed domestically.
  • Exports constantly decreasing due to increasing domestic demand.
  • Japan is the largest buyer of Indian manganese.
  • The other buyers are the USA, UK, Germany, France, Norway.
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