In this article, You will read Manganese Ore Distribution in India – for UPSC IAS.
- Manganese reserve in India is quite satisfactory. Like iron ore, manganese ores are also abundant in the Dharwar and Kuddapa series of the Pre-Cambrian era.
- Manganese is not found as a free element in nature.
- It is often found in combination with iron.
- The most important manganese ore is pyrolusite.
- Manganese is primarily used in the iron and steel industry.
- It is the basic raw material for manufacturing steel alloys.
- 6 kilograms of manganese ore is required for manufacturing one tonne of steel.
- It is also used in the manufacturing of bleaching powder, insecticides, paints, and batteries.
Manganese Ore Distribution in India
- India processes second largest reserves in the world after Zimbabwe; 430 million tonnes
- India is the world’s fifth-largest producer after China, Gabon, South Africa, and Australia.
- Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka are the major manganese ore-producing states.
- Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh together produce more than half of India’s manganese
State wise reserves of Manganese
- Odisha (44%),
- Karnataka (22%),
- Madhya Pradesh (13%),
- Maharashtra (8%),
- Andhra Pradesh (4%)
- Jharkhand and Goa (3% each),
- Rajasthan, Gujarat, and West Bengal (remaining 3 percent).
- Produces about 27.08 percent of India’s manganese ore.
- The main belt extends in Balaghat and Chhindwara districts.
- It is just an extension of the Nagpur Bhandara belt of Maharashtra.
- Produces about 25.25 percent of Indian manganese.
- The main belt is in Nagpur and Bhandara districts.
- High-grade ore is found in the Ratnagiri district also.
- Orissa is one of the largest producers of this mineral, here it is found in Sundergarh district and Keonjhar district mainly. (Previously Keonjhar district alone produced 1/4th of the total production of the country).
- Still, Odisha produces 24% of the country’s production. Apart from there, two districts Kalahandi and Koraput Districts are also important producers of manganese.
- About 10.92 percent of India’s manganese.
- Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Bellary, Chitradurga, and Tumkur districts.
- About 9.71 of India’s manganese production.
- Srikakulam and Vishakhapatnam districts.
- Srikakulam district has the distinction of being the earliest producer (1892) of manganese ore in India.
- Cuddapah, Vijayanagaram, and Guntur are other manganese-producing districts.
- Panchmahals and Vadodara in Gujarat,
- Udaipur and Banswara in Rajasthan and
- Singhbhum and Dhanbad districts in Jharkhand are other producers of manganese.
Export of Manganese
- Four-fifths of the total production is consumed domestically.
- Exports constantly decreasing due to increasing domestic demand.
- Japan is the largest buyer of Indian manganese.
- The other buyers are the USA, UK, Germany, France, Norway.