Hydroelectric Power Plants in India – UPSC

In this article, You will read the List of Major Hydroelectric Power Plants in India – for UPSC.

Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

India is 5th globally for installed hydroelectric power capacity. As of 31 March 2020, India’s installed utility-scale hydroelectric capacity was 46,000 MW or 12.3% of its total utility power generation capacity. Additional smaller hydroelectric power units with a total capacity of 4,683 MW (1.3% of its total utility power generation capacity) have been installed.

The end of the 19th century saw the development of power in India. In 1897, electricity was commissioned in Darjeeling and in 1902, a Hydro Power station at Sivasamudram in Karnataka was commissioned.

  • The Koyna Hydroelectric Project is the largest completed hydroelectric power plant in India. It has a power capacity of 1960 MW.
  • The first hydroelectric power station was the Shivanasamudra hydroelectric power station.
  • Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant is the highest hydroelectric power project in the country, also Tehri Dam is the tallest one in India. Now, NTPC has taken over the project (Since 2019).
  • Srisailam Hydro Power Plant is the third largest working project in India.
  • Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power Plant is the biggest underground hydroelectric power project in the country.
  • Sardar Sarovar Dam is the world’s second-largest concrete dam.

List of Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

StatesRiverHydroelectric Power Plant
Andhra PradeshKrishnaNagarjunasagar Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra PradeshKrishnaSrisailam Hydro Electric Power plant
Andhra Pradesh, OrissaMachkundMachkund Hydro Electric Power plant
GujaratNarmadaSardar Sarovar Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal PradeshBairaBaira-Siul Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal PradeshSutlejBhakra Nangal Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal PradeshBeasDehar Hydroelectric Power plant
Himachal PradeshSutlejNathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power plant
Jammu and KashmirChenabSalal Hydro Electric Power plant
Jammu and KashmirJhelumUri Hydro Electric Power plant
JharkhandSubarnarekhaSubarnarekha Hydroelectric Power plant
KarnatakaKalinadiKalinadi Hydro Electric Power plant
KarnatakaSharavathiSharavathi Hydroelectric Power plant
KarnatakaKaveriShivanasamudra Hydroelectric Power plant
KeralaPeriyarIdukki Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya PradeshSoneBansagar Hydroelectric Power plant
Madhya PradeshNarmadaIndira Sagar Hydro Electric Power plant
Madhya Pradesh, Uttar PradeshRihandRihand Hydroelectric Power plant
MaharashtraKoynaKoyna Hydroelectric Power plant
ManipurLeimtakLoktak Hydro Electric Power plant
OdishaSileruBalimela Hydro Electric Power plant
OdishaMahanadiHirakud Hydro Electric Power plant
SikkimRangitRangit Hydroelectric Power plant
SikkimTeestaTeesta Hydro Electric Power plant
UttarakhandBhagirathiTehri Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal PradeshBaspaBaspa-II Hydro Electric Power plant
Himachal PradeshSatlujNathpa Jhakri Hydro Electric Power Plant
Himachal PradeshBeasPandoh Dam
Himachal PradeshRaviChamera-I
Himachal PradeshRaviChamera-II
Himachal PradeshBeasPong
Jammu and KashmirChenabDulhasti
Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

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