Telugu Literature Syllabus: Paper-1
(Answers must be written in Telugu)
Section A – Language
- Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra.
- Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical, and syntactical levels, from Proto-Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu.
- Evolution of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu-Formal and functional view of Telugu language.
- Influence of other languages and their impact on Telugu.
- Modernization of Telugu language.
- Linguistic and literary movements and their role in the modernization of Telugu.
- Role of media in modernization of Telugu (Newspapers, Radio, TV, etc.)
- Problems of terminology and mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu in various discourses including scientific and technical.
- Dialects of Telugu-Regional and social variations and problems of standardization.
- Syntax-Major divisions of Telugu sentences-simple, complex and compound sentences-Noun and verb predications-Processes of nominalization and relativization-Direct and indirect reporting-conversion processes.
- Translation-Problems of translation, cultural, social, and idiomatic-Methods of translation-Approaches to translation-Literary and other kinds of translation-various uses of translation.
Section B – Literature
- Literature in Pre-Nannaya Period-Marga and Desi poetry.
- Nannaya Period-Historical and literary background of Andhra Mahabharata.
- Saiva poets and their contribution-Dwipada, Sataka, Ragada, Udaharana.
- Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature.
- Errana and his literary works-Nachana Somana and his new approach to poetry.
- Srinatha and Potana-Their woks and contribution.
- Bhakti poets in Telugu literature-Tallapaka Annamayya, Ramadasu, Tyagayya.
- Evolution of prabandhas-Kavya and prabandha.
- Southern school of Telugu literature-Raghunatha Nayaka, Chemakura Vankatakavi and women poets-Literary forms like yakshagana, prose and padakavita.
- Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms-Novel, Short Story, Drama, Playlet, and poetic forms.
- Literary Movements: Reformation, Nationalism, Neo-classicism, Romanticism and Progressive, Revolutionary movements.
- Digambarakavulu, Feminist and Dalit Literature.
- Main divisions of folk literature-Performing folk arts.
Telugu Literature Syllabus: Paper-2
(Answers must be written in Telugu.)
This paper will require first-hand reading of the prescribed texts and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability, which will be in relation to the following approaches :
- Aesthetic approach-Rasa, Dhwani, Vakroti and Auchitya-Formal and Structural-Imagery and Symbolism.
- Sociological, Historical, Ideological, Psychological approaches.
- Nannaya-Dushyanta Charitra (Adiparva 4th Canto verses 5-109)
- Tikkana-Sri Krishna Rayabaramu (Udyoga parva -3rd Canto verses 1-144)
- Srinatha-Guna Nidhi Katha (Kasi-khandam, 4th Canto, verses 76-133)
- Pingali Surana-Sugatri Salinulakatha (Kalapurnodayamu 4 Canto verses, 60-142)
- Molla-Ramayanamu (Balakanda including avatarika)
- Kasula Purushothama Kavi-Andhra Nayaka Satakamu
- Gurajada Appa Rao-Animutyalu (Short stories)
- Viswanatha Satyanarayana-Andhra prasasti
- Devulapalli Krishna Sastry-Krishnapaksham (excluding Urvasi and Pravasam)
- Sri Sri-Maha prastanam.
- Jashuva-Gabbilam (Part I)
- C. Narayana Reddy-Karpuravasanta rayalu.
- Kanuparti Varalakshmamma-Sarada lekhalu (Part I)
- Racha konda Visswanatha Sastry-Alpajaeevi.