In this article, You will read the List of Important Major Seaports and Minor Sea Ports in India – for UPSC IAS.
Important Ports in India
- An ancient port and ship-building centre situated at Mandvi, in the northern coast of the Gulf of Kutch
- Well known for country craft construction from ancient time
- Export – Clay, bauxite, cotton, seeds, salt and oil cakes
- Located between Mandvi and Kandla on the coast of the Gulf of Kutch , is the largest private port in India
- Capable of handling more than 100 million tonnes of bulk, liquid and containarised cargo.
- Integral part of a SEZ
- Tata Power is building an UMPP here
- Located in the eastern corner of the Gulf of Kutch, one of the major ports of the western coast
- Constructed in 1950s as the chief sea port serving western India, after the partition of India from Pakistan when port of Karachi went to Pakistan
- Located at the western corner of the Kathiawar Peninsula
- It is a minor port
- Has cement plants and an automobile – assembly plant
- Fishing and salt processing
- Located at near Jaunagar in the Kathiawar Peninsula , is a minor port of Gujarat
- It is all weather direct berthing port
- Offers excellent tranquility conditions for the safe opearations of the vessels
- An all weather port with direct berthing conveniences , faces the Arabian Sea and located along the west coast of Saurashtra
- Wharfs for streamer are available
- Connected by a broad guage railway
- Fair weather lighterage port , situated in the south-western coast of Saurashtra
- Designed mainly for fishing
- Developed during the 18th century
- City and municipality in the Junagarh district of Saurashtra region
- Located between Somnath (West) and Diu (East)
- Nearest important port is the Veraval Port
- Port city on the eastern coast of Saurashtra, in the Bahvnagar district
- One of the largest shipbreaking yards of the world.
- Shot into news when the French aircraft carrier Clemenceau was prohibited by the Supreme Court of India to enter in the port in 2006
- Located in the west coast of the Gulf of Khambhat in the eastern Kathiawar Peninsula
- 10 km away from the Bhavnagar city
- An all weather berthing port of small vessels
- Vessels jetty must pass through the lock Gate Door
- Important port of Gujarat, located at the mouth of the Narmada River in the east coast of the Gulf of Khambhat
- Dahej Port is located near to it
- Handle the trade of petrochemicals
- Located just 19 km at sea from the south Mumbai
- No significant port facility
- Comes under the Raigarh district
- Called as Mini Goa of Maharashtra
- Tourism is the mainstay of its economy
- Most important port of the southern coast of Maharashtra
- Handles trade of minerals and other commodities
- Marine Biological Research Station for fishery
- Bharati Shipyard Limited is located here.
- Minor port and coastal city of Karnataka
- Located near the mouth of the Kalindi River.
- Headquarters of the Uttar Kannada district.
- Karwar port plays a major role in the sea trade, fishing and maritime services of the nation.
- Located on the NH-66 and the Konkan Railway.
- Mountain towards sea protects it and makes it one of the best ports of the world.
- A minor port and coastal city of Karnataka to the north of Mengaluru , near the mouth of the Sita River
- Located on the NH-66 and the Konkan Railway
- Has the highest average per-capita income in the state according to a survey by a private firm
- Known for the Krishna Matt
- Located near the mouth of the Payaswani River in the northern part of Kerala
- A minor port and the northernmost of the important cities of Kerala
- Agro –based industries are found
- Helped by the NH-66, the Konkan Railway and the West Coast Road
- Minor port and coastal city of Kerala , located north of Mahe (Puducherry)
- Centre of the Moplah community of Arab descent
- Mainly agri-based industries
- Helped by the NH-66 and the Konkan Railway
Mumbai Port :
- A natural deep water harbour and major port located in the eastern edge of the Mumbai City
- Nhava Sheva (on Navi Mumbai ) was created to relieve off its pressure
- It has been the gateway to India and was the contributing factor in the emergence of Mumbai as the commercial capital of India
Nhava Sheva (JNPT):
- Also named as Jawaharlal Nehru Port
- Lies on the mainland, opposite the city of Mumbai across the Thane Creek
- Located close to the Elephanta Island
- Created to reduce pressure on the Mumbai Port and increase the shipping capacity of Mumbai
- Most modernised and the largest port of India
- The port handles 65% of India’s container traffic
- Has three terminals: JNCPT, NSICT, GTI
- NSICT is India’s first privately managed container terminal
- A major port city in the southern part of Canara Coast, located near the mouth of the Kumardhar River
- Upgraded in the Fourth Five Year Plan
- Hinterland – Karnataka , northern Kerala
- Export : Tea, coffee, spices, iron ore
- Import – Petroleum, fertilizers, edible oils
- Petroleum refinery
- Facility of the NH-66 and the Konkan Railway
- Exclave of Puducherry, located on the Malabar Coast as an enclave of Kannur district of Kerala
- minor port
- Agri- based industries, fishing, tourism
- Aided by the NH-66
- Also known as Calicut, is the third largest city of Kerala
- Ancient and Middle Ages – ‘City of Spices’.
- Declared the country’s first hunger free city
- Vasco da Gama reached here in 1498
- Was famous for trade of spices in the old times
- Located on the NH-66
Alapuzha (Aleppy) :
- City on the Malabar Coast, to the southwest of the Vembanad Lake
- minor port
- Centre of coir, coconut, and cashewnut processing.
- Served by an inland waterway system stretching from Kochi to Kollam
- Located on the shore of the Vembanand Lake, opposite of Kochi
- Seat of the Kerala High Court
- An important port, engineering and ship building
- Located in the south-east corner of the Vembanand Lake
- First tobacco free district in India
- Hub of inland navigable water system
- Newsprinting, rubber, cement, chemicals
- Headquarter of Malyalam Manorama
- In 1989 became first municipality of India to achieve 100% literacy
- Formerly known as Quilon, located on the coast of the Asthamudi Lake
- Trading port during the Greek and Roman times.
- Beach sands are processed for rare earth
- Industries – Aluminium, cashewnut processing, procelain and ceramics
- Major port at the mouth of the Vembanand Lake
- Traditional seaport even during the Roman Period
- Many islands
- Naval Command Centre and Coast Guard District Headquarters
- Natural harbour, shipbuilding, oil refinery
- Export : Tea, coffee, spices/ Import-Oil, fertilizers
- Located at the Cape Comorin in Tamil Nadu
- A minor port, and religious and tourist place
- National Highway-44
- Agri–based industries
- Kudankulam Nuclear Reactor is located nearby it
Colachel Seaport :
- Colachel International Seaport also known as Enayam port, is proposed (and located in Colachel, Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu) into a major port transforming it into India’s southern trans-shipment gateway.
- The Port is proposed at Colachel, 19 km away from Nagercoil, capital of Kanyakumari District.
- Colachel is already a natural harbour.
- A major port on the coast of the Gulf of Mannar
- A new port has been developed about 8km southwest of the old port
- Handles the traffic of coal, salt, food grains, edible oils, sugar and petroleum products
- Location of a new oil refinery
- A minor port near the Point Calimere , the apex of the Kaveri Delta
- Economy : salt manufacturing , fishing, salt water prown, agriculture
- Salt March on 30 April 1930 – Trichy to Vedaranniyam by Rajgopalchari
- Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary
- A small town located in the eastern part of the Pamban Island
- 1964 cyclone destroyed the railway line that connected India with Sri Lanka
- According to Hindu scriptures at the request of Vibeeshana, Rama broke the sethu with one end of his bow, so it is named Dhanushkodi
- It is said that the pilgrimage to Kashi is completed only when followed by a holy bath at Dhanushkodi
- A minor port on the Kaveri Delta, south of Karaikal (Puducherry)
- Industries – Textiles, leather goods, oil extractions
- Fishing is main industry
- One of the best harbours in the country
- A major pilgrimage centre of Hindus, Muslims and Christians
- A district and distant territory (exclave) of Puducherry, located in Andhra Padesh between the deltas of Godavari and Krishna
- Rice cultivation, agro based industries
- Tourism is significant
- A 30 km enclave in the East Godavari district
- A minor port and coastal city of Andhra Padesh, to north-east of Vishakhapatnam
- Once the capital of the of the Northern Circar
- Located on the National Highway-16 (previously NH-5) and the Chennai Kolkata main rail line.
- Known for many temples.
- Territory of Puducherry on the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu, to the south of Puducherry
- Bounded by the Nagapattnam (north and south)
- Was a French colony and a minor trading hub
- Known for its rich cultural heritage
- A minor port on the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu, at the mouth of the Ponnaiyar River.
- A few kms south of Puducherry
- Known for its picturesque beaches, especially the Silver Beach
- Neyveli Lignite Corporation is located near to it.
- The city is fast emerging as an industrial city.
- Main part of the Union Territory of Puducherry, located on the Coromandel Coast midway between Chennai and Point Calimere
- Former French colony still has its imprints
- Auroville is world famous
- Auroville is a universal city (experimental township) in the making in south-India dedicated to the ideal of human unity based on the vision of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.
- Located in the northeastern part of the Krishna Delta, as a minor seaport and headquarter of the Krishna District
- Port from the old time, has a long history
- It is being developed to reduce the pressure on the Vishakapatnam
- Important sea beach and coastal town located in the southwestern part of Orissa
- Its beach with coconut groves is characterised with sand dunes for several kms.
- Often affected by the tropical cyclones
- Has an ancient commercial port, now lying in ruins
- Became prominant port during the British Rule
- A minor seaport and the headquarters of the East Godavari District, located in the north-western part of the Koringa Bay
- One of the safest ports in the east coast of India due to the presence of a small island called Hope Island
- Kakinada is the sixth largest city of Andhra Pradesh.
- Most well planned city in Asia after Chandigarh.
- Important port of Andhra Padesh in the Nellore district
- Krishnapatnam Port popularly known as KPCL is a privately built and owned all weather, deep water port on the east coast.
- Iron ore and granite are exported
- Site of 4000 MW UMPP (Ultra Mega Power Project) awarded to the Reliance Power
- The deepest land locked and protected port on the Andhra Coast
- A major port, handles the traffic of iron ore, coal, oil, fertilizers, agri products etc.
- Ship building and repairing facility
- Headquarters of the Eastern Command of the Indian Navy
- Steel, petrochemical and fertilizers plants
- A minor port and coastal city in Orissa, to the southwest of the Chilka Lake
- Agro–based industries, fishing, salt and fish processing
- National Highway-16 (previously NH-5) and Chennai–Kolkata rail line pass through it
- A major port located at the northeastern corner of the Mahanadi Delta
- A deep water and all weather port
- Constructed during the Second Five Year Plan.
- Handles the traffic of iron ore, coal, and other dry cargos.
- Iron exported to Japan.
- Located to the northeast of Paradeep in Orissa.
- Dhamra Port will become the deepest port of India with a drought of 18 metres, which can accommodate super cape- size vessels upto 180,000DWT.
- Awarded responsibility to the Dhamra Port Company Ltd. A 50:50 joint venture of L&T and Tata Steel
- A minor seaport in the northeastern part of Orissa
- Its beach is unique in that the water recedes about one to four kms during the ebb and returns at the time of the high tide
- Location of the Indian Army’s Integrated Test Range (ITR)
- A number of missiles have been launched from the ITR including Akash, Agni, Shaurya and Prithvi
Diamond Harbour :
- It is located quite near where the Hooghly river meets the bay of Bengal.
- It was earlier a stronghold of the Portuguese pirates.
- It is minor port as well as a happening tourist spot.