Important Lakes of India

  • Lake is a surface water body that is surrounded by land. Rivers will be outlet or inlet to the lakes i.e. lakes take the water from rivers or act as a source of water.
  • Lakes are found in various landscapes like Hilly areas, plains, plateaus, rift zones, etc.
  • There are various types of lakes that can be classified based on different criteria – They are
    • Fresh Water Lakes,
    • Salt Water lakes,
    • Natural Lakes,
    • Artificial Lakes,
    • Oxbow lake, (Formed by river deposits)
    • Crater Lake, etc. (formed due to volcanic activity)
  • Lakes have various applications like drinking water, irrigation, navigation, water storage, livelihood (fishing, etc.), impact on microclimate, etc.

Subglacial Lake

  • A subglacial lake is a body of liquid water located in between an ice sheet and the continental landmass.
  • The water remains liquid because the ice sheet above the water acts as an insulator and traps geothermal heat from the Earth’s crust.
    • Lake Vostok is the largest of Antarctica’s almost 400 known subglacial lakes. Lake Vostok is located at the southern Pole of Cold, beneath Russia’s Vostok Station under the surface of the central East Antarctic Ice Sheet, which is at 3,488 m above mean sea level.
subglacial lake
lake vostok

Important Facts related to Lakes of India

  • Largest freshwater lake in India – Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Largest Saline water lake in India – Chilka Lake, Orissa
  • Highest lake in India (Altitude) – Cholamu lake, Sikkim
  • Longest Lake in India – Vembanad lake, Kerala
  • Largest Artificial Lake in India – Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)
  • Dhebar Lake is India’s second-largest artificial lake, after Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar. It is located in the Udaipur District of Rajasthan.
Important Lakes of India
Important Lakes of India

Lakes of India

NameStateDistrictType of LakesFacts/Description
Pulicat LakeAndhra PradeshSullurpetBrackish WaterIt encompasses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary;
Satish Dhawan Space Centre located here
Kolleru LakeAndhra PradeshVijayawadaFreshwaterHome to migratory birds
Nagarjuna SagarAndhra PradeshNalgondaFreshwaterArtificially constructed;
Krishna river
Cumbum LakeAndhra Pradesh
Haflong LakeAssamSilcharFreshwaterHigh altitude lake
DeeporBeelAssamKamrupFreshwaterUnder Ramsar Convention
Son BeelAssamKarimganjFreshwater (Tectonically formed)Largest wetland in Assam
Chandubi lakeAssamKamrupFreshwaterMigratory Birds (winter);
formed by 1897 earthquake
Sala LakeArunachal Pradesh—-—-—–
Sangestar Tso (Madhuri Lake)Arunachal Pradesh Tawang—-—-
Ganga Lake (Geker Sinying)Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar—-—-
Kanwar LakeBiharBegusaraiOxbow (freshwater)Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake;
Nal SarovarGujarat
Hamirsar lakeGujaratKutchArtificialSituated in centre of Bhuj
Kankaria lakeGujaratAhmedabadArtificialDuring 14th century by Muhammed Shah II
Narayan SarovarGujaratKutchArtificial freshwaterPilgrimage site for Hindus
Thol LakeGujaratMehsanaLentic lakeConstructed for irrigation purpose
VastrapurGujaratAhmedabadFreshwaterNarmada River;
Picnic spot
Sursagar LakeGujarat
Lakhota LakeGujarat
Badkhal LakeHaryanaFaridabadFreshwaterMan made
Blue Bird LakeHaryanaHisarFreshwaterMigratory Birds, Wetland Habitat
Brahma SarovarHaryanaThaneswarFreshwaterAncient water pool sacred to Hinduism
Damdama LakeHaryanaSohnaFreshwaterConstructed by British government for Rainwater Harvesting
KarnaHaryanaKarnalFreshwaterConnected to great epic Mahabharata
TilyarHaryanaRohtakFreshwater (canal inflow)Located inside Tilyar Zoo
Surajkund LakeHaryana Faridabad
Chandra TaalHimachal PradeshLahul and SpitiSweetwater lakeRamsar wetland site
Suraj TaalHimachal PradeshLahul and SpitiFreshwater (High Altitude)Bhaga River inflow
MaharanaPratapSagarHimachal PradeshKangraFreshwaterRamsar site
Prashar lakeHimachal PradeshMandiHolomitic (Freshwater)It has a floating Island
Renuka lakeHimachal PradeshSirmaurFreshwaterIt is designated as the Ramsar site
Nako LakeHimachal PradeshKinnaur
Dal lakeJ &KSrinagarWarm monomiticRemnants of  past glacial period
Pangong TsoJ &KLadakhEndorheic Lake (saline water)Indo-China Border
Wular lakeJ &KBandiporaTectonic lake (fresh water)Largest freshwater lake in India
TsoMoririJ &KLadakhSaltwaterHigh altitude lake
Anchar LakeJ &K
Manasbal LakeJ &K
Gadsar LakeJ &K
Gangabal LakeJ &K
Vishansar LakeJ &K
Mansar LakeJ &K
Marsar LakeJ &K
Tarsar LakeJ &K
SheshnagJ &K
Tulian lakeJ &K
Agata lakeKarnatakaBangaloreFreshwaterLocated in the southwest part of the city
Bellandur LakeKarnatakaBangaloreFreshwater –
Karanji lakeKarnatakaMysore –Butterfly park
Ulsoor lakeKarnatakaBangaloreStale waterIt has several islands
Kukarahalli lakeKarnatakaMysoreFreshwaterRecreational
HonnamanaKarnatakaKodaguFreshwaterHoly lake, place for various festivals
Pampa SarovarKarnatakaHampiFreshwaterTungabhadra river
Hebbal LakeKarnataka
Ashtamudi KayalKeralaKollamBrackish waterRamsar wetland site
KuttanadKeralaAlappuzha, Kottayam Backwater paddy cultivation
VembanadKerala –Brackish waterRamsar wetland; boat race
ShashtamkottaKeralaKollamFreshwaterRamsar wetland
Vellayani LakeKerala Thiruvananthapuram
BhojtalMadhya. PradeshBhopalFreshwaterRamsar site; largest artificial lake in India
Salim Ali LakeMaharashtraAurangabadFreshwaterBirdwatching
ShivsagarMaharashtraSataraFreshwaterKoyna dam
Lonar lakeMaharashtraBuldhanaCrater lakeNational Geo-Heritage monument
Gorewada LakeMaharashtra
Pashan LakeMaharashtra
Powai LakeMaharashtra
Rankala LakeMaharashtra
Venna LakeMaharashtra
Tulsi LakeMaharashtra
Vihar LakeMaharashtra
Loktak lakeManipur –Lenticular freshwaterRamsar wetland; Phumdis (Floating Islands); Multipurpose project
UmiamMeghalayaShillongFreshwaterFamous for cycling and boating
Tam DilMizoramSaitualFreshwater –
Chilika lakeOrissaPuriBrackish waterIndia’s largest brackish water lake; lagoon
Kanjia lakeOrissaBhubaneswarFreshwaterWetland of national importance
Anshupa LakeOrissa CuttackFreshwater On the left bank of the Mahanadi river
HarikePunjabFerozepurFreshwaterRamsar wetland site
RuparPunjabRupnagarFreshwaterManmade riverine lake
KanjliPunjabKapurthalaFreshwaterRamsar wetland site
Sambhar lakeRajasthanSambhar Lake-townSaltwaterRamsar wetland; largest inland saltwater lake in India
RajsamandRajasthanRajsamandFreshwater –
Dhebar LakeRajasthan
Kaylana LakeRajasthan
Nakki LakeRajasthan
Pachpadra LakeRajasthan
Man Sagar LakeRajasthan
Didwana Lake Rajasthan
Lunkaransar Salt LakeRajasthan
Anasagar LakeRajasthan
Talwara LakeRajasthan
Tsomgo lakeSikkimEast SikkimFreshwaterWinter frozen
KhecheoplariSikkimWest SikkimFreshwaterSacred lake for Hindus and Buddhists
Gurudongmar LakeSikkim north of the Kanchendzonga range
Ooty lakeTamilnaduNilgirisFreshwaterBoat House
ChembarambakkamTamilnaduChennaiArtificial lake –
Kodaikanal LakeTamilnaduDindigul Artificial lakeBoat club, boathouse, and boat service
Kaliveli LakeTamil NaduViluppuramCoastal lake and lagoon
KolavaiTamil Nadu
Puzhal lake (Red Hills Lake)Tamil Nadu
Sholavaram lakeTamil Nadu
Berijam LakeTamil Nadu
Veeranam LakeTamil Nadu
Hussain SagarTelanganaHyderabadArtificial lakeArtificial Gibraltar rock-island
Badrakali lakeTelanganaWarangalFreshwaterArtificial lake
Osman SagarTelangana
Himayat SagarTelangana Artificial lake
Pakhal LakeTelangana Artificial lake
Shamirpet LakeTelangana Artificial lake
Saroornagar LakeTelangana Artificial lake
Durgam CheruvuTelangana Rangareddy
Govind Ballabh Pant SagarUttar PradeshSonbhadraMan-made lakeRihand dam
BelasagarUttar PradeshKulpaharFreshwaterIrrigation lake
BhimtalUttarakhandNainitalFreshwaterMedium altitude lake
East Calcutta wetlandsWest BengalCalcuttaBrackish waterRamsar wetland

Notify of
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Thank youu so much….Sir please please cover geography optional series as soon as possible…soo deep request

Dev mishra

Can u provide pdf of geography notes


You are doing yeoman’s service to Geography students

Richa Paliya

Such an awesome content.

Priyata soni

Ur notes r ultimate unmatchable… Thanks a lot


Very useful content

Last edited 2 years ago by jay
Yashi bajpai

Thanku so much for this content
And sir pls provide history notes also


All the important facts at one place thanks 4 dis


Sir, Please provide the PDFs as soon as possible🥺I m tired of screenshotting and converting them into pdfs🥺

Kumar Shubham Badal

No neee to worry dear, You can turn webpage in desktop mode and then click on share button in your browser, by clicking on share button, new interface will show you various option, Now you have to click on “Print” Option..It will directly convert into pdf file in your Google drive or Storage also..

Last edited 10 months ago by Kumar Shubham Badal
Kumar Shubham Badal

Sir Please Edit , Karachi Lake
It is not “Karachi Lake” , It is Karanji Lake.
It is mistyped..
Thank You..📚🙏


Is this notes are enough for geography optional

Rohan Mishra


Ar kinul kour

Everywhere half info is available when will be upsc ask it is almost not any coaching web