The Ultimate list of Important Islands of India – UPSC

In this article, You will read the partial list of islands of India. There are a total of 1,382 islands (including uninhabited ones) in India.

Important Islands of India

New Moore island

  • New Moore, also known as “Purbasha” and “South Talpatty Island”.
  • small uninhabited offshore sandbar island in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast of the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta region.
  • Formed in 1970 due to the Bhola cyclone and disappeared at some later due to sea level rise, changes in monsoonal rain patterns which altered river flows and land subsidence.
  • Both India and Bangladesh claimed sovereignty over it because of speculation over the existence of oil and natural gas in the region.
  • According to Permanent Court of Arbitration’s verdict in 2014, the island will be under the jurisdiction of India, even though it is currently beneath the sea level.
  • Has mangrove vegetation and fragile ecosystem.

Sagar Island

  • Also known as Gangasagar or Sagardwip.
  • It is an island in the Ganges delta, lying on the continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal.
  • One of the largest islands of the Sundarban Delta at the mouth of the Hugli River.
  • This Island falls under the South 24 Parganas District in West Bengal.
  • Sagar island is a place of Hindu pilgrimage.
  • Every year on the day of Makar Sankranti, hundreds of thousands of Hindus gather to take a holy dip at the confluence of river Ganges and Bay of Bengal and offer prayers (puja) in the Kapil Muni Temple.

Wheeler Island

  • Dr. Abdul Kalam Island, formerly known as Wheeler Island, is an island off the coast of Odisha.
  • Abdul Kalam Island is located in the Bay of Bengal approximately 10 kilometers off the eastern coast of India and about 70 kilometers south of Chandipur in Balasore district, Odisha.
  • Missile test facility for most of the Indian missiles.
  • The nearest port is Dhamra Port.

Hope Island

  • A small tadpole shaped island situated off the coast of Kakinada in the Bay of Bengal
  • Young island is formed in the last 200 years from the sands carried by the waters of the Godavari
  • Protects the port of Kakinada from strong cyclones, tidal waves and tsunamis
  • It makes the Kakinada port one of the safest ports in the eastern coast of India
  • It is situated 10 km from Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and Sri Kukkuteswara Swamy Temple.

Sriharikota

  • Sriharikota is a barrier island off the Bay of Bengal coast located in the Shar Project settlement of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh.
  • At the sea margin of the Pulicat Lake.
  • Has the rocket launching station of ISRO (SHAR)
  • Connected to Chennai by expressways.

Narcondam Island

  • India’s easternmost Island is a small volcanic island located in the northern Andaman Sea.
  • A dormant volcano with a conical shape but no remains of a crater at the top (710 m above sea lavel)- second tallest point after the Saddle Peak
  • Proximity to Myanmar lends it great strategic and geopolitical significance
  • The easternmost point of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Barren Island

  • Barren Island is an island located in the Andaman Sea, south of the Narcondam Island.
  • It is the only confirmed active volcano in the Indian subcontinent and the only active volcano along a chain of volcanoes from Sumatra to Myanmar.
  • Most recent eruption – 2020
  • Part of the volcanic arc formed at the margin of the tectonic plates
  • No human population true to its name
  • 2 km. wide caldera at the top

Landfall Island

  • Landfall Island is the northernmost island of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • It is separated from the Coco Island of Myanmar by the Coco Channel.
  • It is separated from North Andaman Island by the Cleugh Passage.
  • Tourism does exist here but exposure to the public is limited.

North Andaman Island

  • North Andaman Island is the northern island of Great Andaman of the Andaman Islands.
  • The island is home to the highest point in the archipelago, Saddle Peak at 731 metres.
  • Its northern tip is called Cape Price
  • Geologically part of the Arakan Yoma
  • Main town is Diglipur
  • Main economic activities – Rice and Orange production.

Middle Andaman Island

  • The largest island of India
  • Between North Andaman and South Andaman
  • Jarawa people live here
  • Geologically part of the Arakan Yoma
  • Fishing and agriculture
  • Towns: Rangat, Billiground and Mayabunder

South Andaman Island

  • Southernmost of the great Andaman Group (third largest after Middle and North)
  • Port Blair is located in the south-eastern part of the island (less mountainous than others )
  • Home to the majority of the population of Andaman and Nicobar.
  • South Andaman Island was struck by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, leading to many deaths on the island.

Rutland Island

  • Between South Andaman and Little Andaman
  • North of the Duncan Passage
  • Rich in marine life having a good representation of fish and corals
  • Formerly home to the Jangil (Rutland Jarawa), one of the indigenous Andamanese groups.
  • Presently without any permanent indigenous settlement.

Little Andaman

  • Fourth largest of the Andaman Group.
  • Belongs to the Little Andaman Group, and is separated from Rutland Island in Great Andaman by the Duncan Passage.
  • Between Duncan Passage and Ten Degree Channel
  • The Little Andaman Group is the counterpart of the Great Andaman island group.
  • Home of Onge people
  • Picturesque location, sea water crocodiles
  • Widespread rainforests and several rare species of marine turtle.

Interview Island

  • Interview Island is an island of the Andaman Islands.
  • situated to the west of Austen Strait which separates North Andaman Island and Middle Andaman Island.
  • There is only one village, located in the eastern part of the island.

Swaraj Island

  • Havelock Island, officially Swaraj Island, is one of the largest islands in Ritchie’s Archipelago (and is located between Peel Island and Neill Island), to the east of Great Andaman within the Andaman Islands.
  • Named after Henry Havelock, a British general.
  • In December 2018, it was renamed, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, as Swaraj Island as a tribute to Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • Main settlers are Bengalis (5,354 people)
  • It has Radhanagar Beach which was named “Best Beach in Asia” by Time in 2004

Car Nicobar

  • Northernmost of the Nicobar Islands
  • South of the Ten Degree Channel
  • Flat fertile island covered with clusters of coconut plants and enchanting beaches with a roaring sea all around
  • Major crops: coconut and arecanut
  • Home to more than half of the total Nicobar population

Kamorta Island

  • Kamorta Island is an island in the Nicobar Islands chain.
  • INS Kardip is a naval forward operating base of the joint-services Andaman and Nicobar Command on Kamorta island.
  • The Indian Navy’s Kamorta-class Corvette is named after the island.
  • Kalatapu is the main village on this island.
  • Affected by the tsunami of December 2004.

Nancowry Island

  • Refers both to a single island and to the group of adjoining islands
  • At the central part of the Nicobar group
  • Part of the Tribal Reserve Area
  • Has magnificient land – locked Nancowry Harbour described as one of the safest natural harbours in the world.

Katchal Island

  • Part of the Nicobar Island
  • In the central part of the island group, east of the Nancowry Island.
  • Katchal is inhabited by Nicobari Tribes and Migrated Tamilians.
  • Devasted by Tsunamis in 2004 at least 1500 people died due to it.

Little Nicobar

  • Part of the Nicobar Islands
  • Separated from the Great Nicobar Island by the St. George’s Channel.
  • In recent time it has suffered tsunami and earthquake

Great Nicobar Island

  • Largest island of the Nicobar group
  • Southernmost tip- Indira Point (Pygmalion Point)
  • Separated from the Sumatra Island by the Great Channel.
  • Mt.Thuillier – highest point in the Nicobar (642m)
  • Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

Pamban Island

  • Also known as Rameswaram Island
  • Separated from the mainland India by the Pamban Channel
  • Most of the island is covered with white sands
  • Coconut and palm trees are found in abundance
  • Main towns – Rameshwaram, Dhanushkodi.

Adam’s Bridge

  • Also known as Ram’s Bridge or Rama Setu
  • Between Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar
  • A chain of limestone shoals Between Pamban and Mannar Island of Sri Lanka
  • Geologically link b/w India and Sri Lanka
  • 30 km. long
  • There is a plan of Sethusamudram Project which is strongly opposed by hardcore Hindus.

Hare Island

  • Hare Island is an island that lies adjoining the V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust in Thoothukudi.
  • Hare Island forms a part of the Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park.
  • With an area of 1.29 square kilometers, Hare Island is the largest island in the Gulf of Mannar.
  • Very good picnic spot for holiday seekers and the domestic tourists
  • Many people visit there during the Pongal.

Van Tivu Island

  • located in the state of Tamil Nadu.
  • Alternatively known as Church Island.
  • It is one of the 21 islands of the Gulf of Mannar located at 8º50′ N and 70º E.
  • The islands are situated at an average distance of about 8 km from the coastline.

Dharmadam Island

  • Dharmadam Island (Green Island) is a small 2-hectare private island in Thalassery, Kannur District, Kerala.
  • 4 km from the town of Thalassery
  • Covered with coconut palms and dense bush in a beautiful sight from the Muzhappilangad Beach
  • During low tide one can walk out to it from the beach
  • Earlier known as Dharmapattanam, was a Buddhist stronghold.

Gundu Island

  • Smallest of all the islands those constitute together the city of Kochi.
  • The island can be reached from Vypin island only by boat.
  • Spreaded over 5 acres of land
  • Originally the home of a coir factory, it is now a resort owned by the Taj Malabar Hotel

Ezhumanthuruthu

  • 8 km. west of Kaduthuruthy town in the district of Kottayam, Kerala.
  • Area is about 2 sq km.
  • Densely populated (3500)
  • It is a twin island along with another small island called Pulithuruthu.

Kuruvadweep

  • Kuruvadweep or Kuruva Island is a 950-acre (3.8 km2) protected river delta.
  • It comprises three densely wooded uninhabited islands and a few submergible satellite islands, which lie on the banks of the tributaries of Kabini River in the Wayanad district, Kerala. 
  • It is an uninhabited island, which is home to rare species of birds, orchids, herbal plants, etc.

Munroe Island

  • Munroe Island or Mundrothuruthu is an inland island group located at the confluence of Ashtamudi Lake and the Kallada River, in Kollam district, Kerala
  • It is a group of eight small islets.
  • The place is named in honour of Resident Colonel John Munro of the former Princely State of Travancore.

Nedungad

  • A small island located in Ernakulam district of Kerala
  • It is located in the east side of Nayarambalam.

Pulincunnoo

  • An island village in Alappuzha district of Kerala
  • Near the Pampa River
  • Part of the Kerala backwaters
  • The famous Rajiv Gandhi Trophy boat race is held here during the months of October-November every year

Ramanthuruth

  • One of the smallest islands that make up the city of Kochi.
  • It was the smallest polling booth in central Kerala during the 2006 state elections
  • It has untrekkable terrain and is sparsely populated.

Valiyaparamba

  • Valiyaparamba is a coastal island in Hosdurg taluk, Kasaragod district, Kerala.
  • Perhaps the most scenic backwater stretch in Kerala
  • Valiyaparamba is separated from the mainland by Kavvayi Backwater.
  • Fed by four rivers and dotted with numerous little islands
  • Lush green groves of coconut and emerald green backwaters make the tour of the island a perfect treat
  • Just 50 km. from Mengaluru

Vallarpadam

  • A small idyllic island in the Vembanand Lake , 1 km north of the mainland Kochi
  • About 3.9 km. long 1.5 km. wide
  • Between Mulavukad Island and Vypin Island
  • A proposed container terminal project could make this small island one of the best hub ports in the world.
  • Vallarpadam is one of the two islands, the other being Willingdon Island, around which the Port of Kochi is situated.
  • Vypin island lie on its west side and Mulavukad island lie to its east.
  • A major pilgrim centre for Christmas : Church of Our Lady of Ransom.

Venduruthy

  • Venduruthy is a small island in Kochi. It is now a part of the greater Willingdon Island.
  • Approachable only from the Ernakulam backwater channel.
  • It boasted of two edifices, the Roman Catholic Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul
  • INS Venduruthy has been named after it.
  • 2 defense schools: Gunnery School and the Navigation and Direction School

Willingdon Island

  • Named after Lord Willingdon, the erstwhile governor of Punjab
  • An artificial island created from the materials dredged while deepening the Kochi Port.
  • Home of the modern port of Kochi
  • It has airport, shipbuilding yard, Southern Naval Command Headquarters, custom house etc
  • Also known as Wellington Island.

Vypin

  • Vypin (also Vypeen) is one of the groups of islands that form part of the city of Kochi.
  • Vypin forms a barrier island which lies between the Arabian Sea in the west and the Cochin backwaters formed by the various distributaries of Periyar river, in the east.
  • About 27 km long island was formed in the year 1347 after a heavy flood
  • One of the heaviest dense islands in the world
  • Connected to Kochi by a bridge from Kalamuku
  • Goshree Bridge also connects Mulavukadu and Vallarpadam
  • Narakkal is the business capital of Vypin

Netrani Island

  • Also known as Bajrangi Island, Murudeshwar and Pigeon Island is a small island of India located in the Arabian Sea.
  • 10 nautical miles away from the temple town of Murudeshwara
  • Some of the best sites for scuba–diving
  • A coral island suitable for snorkeling and diving
  • Comes in North Kanara district of Karnataka near Karwar.
  • Used by the Indian Navy for target practice.

Kaveri Nisargadhama

  • An island formed by river Kaveri in the district of Kodagu
  • It is a famous picnic spot.
  • This 25 acre island has lush foliage of thick bamboo grooves, sandalwood and teak trees
  • Just 30 km from Madikeri.

St. Mary’s Island

  • St. Mary’s Islands, also known as Coconut Island and Thonsepar, are a set of four small islands in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Malpe in Udupi, Karnataka.
  • Formed of columnar basaltic lava
  • Formed when Madagascar was attached to India (88 million years ago)
  • Uninhabited islands
  • According to legend it was first seen by Vasco da Gama, on his way to Kozhikode.

Uppinakudru Island

  • Known as Salt Island
  • Located at 6 km. towards north of Kundapura in Uduppi district of Karnatka
  • A small island village, once famous for trading of salts (uppu) and for sea food
  • 3 temples and 8 mutts
  • Lord Gopalalakrishna, Lord Vasudeva and Siddi Vinayak temples
  • Economy – agriculture (paddy, pulse)

Kavvayi Backwaters

  • The Kavvayi Backwaters in the Kannur district of Kerala form the largest Lake in the Malabar region (North Kerala) and the third largest in Kerala.

Anjediva Island

  • Island off the coast of South Goa district
  • Legally it is part of Goa, although there is a widespread misconception that it is a part of Karnataka off whose coast its lies.
  • 1.5 km long and 25 km wide
  • Known for its annual Feast of Our Lady of Springs on 2nd February and Feast of Chapel of St. Francisco D’ Assissi on 4 October.

Caculo Island

  • A riverine island located in the St. Inez Creek in Panaji, Goa

Chorão (island)

  • Chorão, also known as Choddnnem or Chodan, is an island along the Mandovi River near Ilhas, Goa.
  • Home of the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
  • Hindu and Christian
  • It is one of 6 major islands between the Mandovi and Zuari, the others being:
    • Ilha de Goa,
    • Divar,
    • Cumbarjua,
    • St Estevam,
    • Vanxim and
    • Several other small mangrove islands and sand banks.

Tiswadi (Ilhas de Goa)

  • Tiswadi is an island with the Mandovi River forming its northern boundary
  • Panaji is located on this island
  • It was here that the city of Old Goa was established where a magnificient Church of Bom Jones lies.

Divar

  • An island on the river Mandovi in Goa
  • Located about 10 km upstream from Panaji, to which it is connected
  • Konkan Railway passes through it
  • Scenic beauty, paddy, birds and barren lands.

Salsette Island

  • Salsette Island is an island in Konkan division of the state of Maharashtra on India’s west coast.
  • one of the most densely populated islands in the world
  • Highest Point – Kanheri Peak in the Borivali National Park which is the world’s biggest park within city limits.
  • It contains Borivali National Park, also known as Sanjay Gandhi National Park.
  • Surrounded by Vasai Creek from the north and Thane Creek from east
  • Island city of Bombay was separated from it by Mahim Creek.

Seven Islands of Bombay

  • Isle of Bombay
  • Colaba
  • Mazagaon
  • Parel
  • Old Woman’s Island ( Little Colaba)
  • Mahim
  • Worli
  • There also are several smaller islands that lay to the East of the main seven islands:

Trombay

  • NE suburb of Mumbai
  • West of Thane Creek
  • North of Elephanta and Butcher islands
  • Site of BARC
  • Along with Seven Islands of Bombay and Salsette it forms Greater Mumbai

Ambu Island

  • An isle off the coast of Mumbai near Madh Island in the Arabian Sea
  • Accessible during low tide across a rocky isthmus
  • A mosque was built on the island
  • Malad is the closest railhead to the island, 15 km away

Butcher Island

  • Butcher Island (Jawahar Dweep) is an island off the coast of Mumbai, west of the Elephanta Island.
  • It has an oil terminal where the crude oil is stored and later on piped to Wadala for refining
  • It is a restricted area and most of the island is covered with dense vegetation

Elephanta Island

  • Also called as Gharapuri (or place of caves) or Pory Island. It is one of a number of islands in the Mumbai Harbour
  • A popular tourist destination because of the island’s cave temples that have been carved out of rock
  • It has an area 10 sq km and comes under the Raigarh district of Maharashtra.

Cross Island

  • Uninhabited island in the Mumbai Harbour between the coast at Dockyard Road and Elephanta Island.
  • It hosts an oil refinery and several large gas holders.
  • It has the ruins of an old fort
  • Locally known as Chinal Tekdi.

Hog Island

  • Hog Island (Marathi: Nhave) is an island which lies in the Bombay Harbour about ten miles east of the Apollo pier.
  • It gets its English name because it was here that ships used to be hogged.

Middle Ground Coastal Battery

  • The Middle Ground Coastal Battery is a heritage site of an antique coastal gun battery managed by the Indian Navy on an islet off the coast of Mumbai.
  • It is situated on Middle Ground isle in Mumbai Harbour, a few hundred metres away from the Gateway of India, in Thane Creek.

Oyster Rock

  • Oyster Rock is an island in the Mumbai Harbour.
  • Fortified and owned by the Indian Navy
  • For a short while, it was used as a naval museum
  • The Maharashtra government had thought of anchoring the decommissioned INS Vikrant (now a naval museum) on the island.

Panju Island

  • Panju Island is an estuarine island in the Vasai Creek just north of Mumbai.
  • The island is used by the Western Railway to connect the island of Salsette with the mainland at Vasai.
  • It is located with a maximum elevation of 1 m.

Agatti Island

  • Agatti Island is a 7.6 km long island, situated on a coral atoll called Agatti atoll in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.
  • Agatti Aerodrome is the only airport of Lakshadweep
  • One can enter it only if one has confirmed place to stay
  • There is only one hotel in Agatti, called Agatti Island Beach Resort

Andrott

  • Andrott Island, also known as Androth Island, is a small inhabited island in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, a group of 36 coral islands scattered in the Arabian Sea off the western coast of India.
  • First island of Lakshdweep to embrance Islam
  • Biggest island of Lakshdweep
  • Cradle of many civilisation, splendid architectural monuments, lighthouse etc.
  • Fishing forms its economic backbone

Bangaram Atoll

  • Bangaram is a tiny teardrop shaped island, which lies very close to Agatti and Kavaratti.
  • An island of the Lakshadweep Archipelago
  • A popular tourist resort
  • Population is only around 60, mostly tourists

Bitra Island

  • Bitra, also known as Bitrā Par, is a coral atoll belonging to the Amindivi Subgroup of islands of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.
  • There is a small shrine dedicated to an old Arab saint by the name of Malik Mulla, who was burried in the island. The shrine has become a site of pilgrimage
  • About 300 people live here.

Chetlat Island

  • Chetlat Island is a coral island belonging to the Amindivi Subgroup of islands of the Lakshadweep archipelago.
  • This beautiful island attracts many tourists who are thrilled with its bewitching beauty and varied and diverse acquatic life in large number.
  •  It is located 37 km to the northwest of Kiltan Island.

Kadmat Island

  • Kadmat Island, also known as Cardamom Island, is a coral island belonging to the Amindivi subgroup of islands of the Lakshadweep archipelago.
  • Surrounded on the eastern and western sides by a lagoon, and has corals
  • Best attractions are long sandy beaches
  • A ideal place for solitude.
  • The Ministry of Environment and Forests has notified the island as a marine protected area for ensuring conservation of the island’s animal, plant, or other type of organism, and other resources.

Kalpeni Island

  • Kalpeni is an inhabited Atoll in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.
  • An atoll with coral debris which was the result of a violent storm that hit the area in 1847
  • It was the first island in Lakshadweep where woman were allowed to go to school and get education.

Maliku Atoll (Viringili Island)

  • Only two islands in this atoll – Minicoy and Viringili
  • Villingili, is an uninhabited islet in Lakshadweep.
  • It is located at the southwestern end of Minicoy’s reef, in Maliku Atoll.

Minicoy Island

  • Minicoy, locally known as Maliku, is an island in Lakshadweep.
  • Only inhabited island of Maliku Atoll Second largest
  • Along with Viringili, it is on Maliku atoll, the southernmost atoll of Lakshadweep archipelago.
  • Long islands (10 km ) completely covered with coconut trees
  • Tall lighthouse
  • Separated from the rest of Lakshadweep by the Nine Degree Channel.

Ghoramara Island

  • An island located 150 km south of Kolkata in the Sundarban Delta complex.
  • Small island roughly five square kilometers in area.
  • It is fast disappearing due to erosion and sea level rise.

Henry Island

  • Henry Island is an island near Bakkhali in South 24 Parganas of West Bengal.
  • The island is home to millions of red crabs.
  • Dense mangrove forests parted by numerous canals
  • Wildlife: Tiger, deer, wild pig, crocodile and snake.

Lohachara Island

  • Lohachara Island was an islet that was permanently flooded in the 1980s.
  • It was located in the Hooghly River as part of the Sundarban delta in the Sundarban National Park, located near the Indian state of West Bengal.
  • In April 2009 local Newspapers announced that Lochara Island rises from water again.
  • Was an inhabited island where more than 6000 people used to live
  • Thousands of refugees in the area who were forced to move to the mainland

Nayachar Island

  • Nayachar is a newly emerged island with mangrove ecosystem in the middle estuary of the Hooghly River in West Bengal.
  • This land mass was created in the Indian Sunderbans by river silt deposits, and remained largely submerged, rising occasionally above the water level.
  • Till 1990 it was completely barren, with hardly any plant or animal species, at present there are 151 animal species on the island, making it a rare case in ecology.
  • The natural succession of species on the island has been aided by the inundation of water during tides, and the soil brought from other places by fishermen.
  • Has flashed in the larger public view as the site of a major chemical hub initiated by the West Bengal Govt. The hub was earlier proposed at Nandigram.

Pirotan Island

  • Pirotan Island (also known as Pirotan) is an island in the Marine National Park, Arabian Sea. It is located 12 nautical miles (22 km) off the coast (Bedi Port), Jamnagar District of Gujarat.
  •  It consists of mangroves and low-tide beaches and has an area of 3 square kilometers.
  • Rozi island is located about 10 kilometers to the southeast.
  • Of the 42 islands in the park, Pirotan Island is the most popular and is one of the two islands where visitors are normally permitted.

Diu Island

  • Diu Island is an island off the Southern coast of Gujarat’s Kathiawar peninsula, separated from the mainland by a tidal creek.
  • It has an area of 40 km² and a population of 44,110. It belongs to Diu District and lies 5 km to the east of Diu Head.
  • Diu is part of the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Both Daman and Diu share the same member of parliament.
  • The town of Diu and Diu Fort are located on the island. There is also a domestic airport, Diu Airport.
  • Site of the famous Battle of Diu in 1509 between Portugal and others, and the Sultan of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada

Shortt’s Island

  • An island off the coast of Orissa, near the Wheeler Island
  • Located in the Bay of Bengal in the northeastern coast off the Mahanadi delta

Parikud Island

  • Parikud is an island within Chilika lake.
  • It is surrounded by Chilika Lake and the Bay of Bengal in its two sides.
  • Jahnikuda is present at the easternmost position of the island near Chilika lake. Jahnikuda acts as a gateway to Puri, the land of lord Jagannath.

Teen Chinar

  • Dal lake

Aaliya Bet

  • An island at the mouth of the Narmada River in the Gulf of Khambhat
  • Good place for entertainment and tourism
  • Area has mangroves and rehabilitation of the vegetation is required as the industries are polluting them.

Khaliabet

  • An island in the Gulf of Khambhat
  • Has mangroves and corals
  • Affected by the industrial pollution
  • A Tidal energy potential region

Khandheri Island

  • Khanderi is an island with a fort, located south of Mumbai, along the coast of Maharashtra.
  • Fort was built by Shivaji in 1660 is still in tact, the most prominant structure is a lighthouse built in 1837
  • It can only be accessed with the permission from the Bombay Port Trust.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Island

  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Island, formerly known as Ross Island, is an island of the Andaman Islands.
  • It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • The island is situated 3 km east from central Port Blair.
  • Controlled by the Indian Navy
  • It was the administrative headquarter of the Andaman and Nicobar Island, before an earthquake rocked it in 1943
  • With its treasure of ruins, it has become hot tourist spot.

Aminidivi

  • They are the northernmost of the Lakshadweep group
  • 5 islands: Amini, Kiltan, Chetlat, Kadmat and Bitra
  • Each of these islands is exquisitely beautiful
  • Among them Kadmat is very popular.

Laccadive Islands

  • The Laccadive or Cannanore Islands are one of the three island subgroups in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.
  • It is the central subgroup of the Lakshadweep, separated from the Amindivi Islands subgroup roughly by the 11th parallel north and from the atoll of Minicoy (Maliku) – far to the south – by the 9 Degree or Mamala Channel
  • Islands: Suheli Par, Pitti, Kalpeni, Andrott, Agatti, Kavaratti
  • Harmonious blend of traditional culture, nature and modernity

Pachham Island

  • Westernmost of the islands formed of marshy lands in the Kachchh region of Gujarat
  • Khavda is the main town here.
  • The island is characterized by two parallel and structurally controlled Kaladungar hill range and Goradungar hill range separated by a synclinal central valley.

Khadir Bet

  • Central island of the Kachchh region
  • Part of the Great Rann of Kachchh
  • Marsy landforms
  • Luni River drains here

Bela Island

  • Easternmost of the islands of the Kachchh region
  • Part of the Great Rann of Kachch
  • Marsy landforms
  • Luni River drains here

Majuli

  • Largest riverine island of the world Between the Brahmaputra and Subansiri rivers
  • Formed due to course changes by the rivers
  • Adobe of Assamese neo-Vaishnavite culture
  • India is trying to include it under the World Heritage Sites
  • It is facing ecological problems

Pigeon-Cock

  • West of the Mangalore seaport
  • Elongated island extending north to south
  • Helped in the development of the Mangalore seaport
  • Surrounding water is polluted

Srirangapatna island

  • Riverine island mere 19 km from Mysore, but lies in Mandya district
  • The main Kaveri River flows along the eastern coast
  • It was a de facto capital of Hyder Ali and Tipu
  • Site of the last (fourth ) Mysore War, 1799

Kachchatheevu

  • Uninhabited island of Sri Lanka, northeast of the Adam’s Bridge
  • A Catholic shrine is located there
  • India ceded to Sri Lanka in 1974
  • Under the treaty, Indian fishermen have rights to catch fish in the region

Abunda island

  • In the Gulf of Mannar
  • Coral island
  • Inhabited by Tamil fishermen
  • Thin soil cover supports coconut and vegetables
  • Petro- refinery of Tuticorin is polluting it

Nallathanni Theevu

  • It is situated in the gulf of Mannar about 4 km from the coast of Tamil nadu.
  • It is one of the three inhabited islands in the gulf, the other being Kruadai and Musal tivu
  • It forms part of the Ramnathapuram district.

Quibble Island

  • It is a riverine island located in Tamil Nadu, fromed by Asayar river and one of its tributaries.
  • During the British time, an European cemetary was built here.

Srirangam

  • It is a riverine island located in Tiruchirapalli city. It is formed between the Cauvery and the Kollidam rivers.
  • The grand anicut is located to the east of the island.
  • Srirangam is important Hindu vaishnavite pilgrimage center.

Bhavani Island

  • It is a riverine island located 4 km upstream from Vijaywada in the Krishna river.
  • It is located at the upstream of Prakasam Barrage and is considered one of the largest river islands in India, with an area of 133 acres.
  • It has a robotic dinosaur park, garden maze, mirror maze, golf and badminton simulator, cycling, etc
  • The island is grate tourist attraction.

Ekakula Island

  • It is located in Odisha within the Gahirmatha marine sanctuary.
  • It is a prominent neasting site of Olive Ridley sea turtles.
  • The serene and tranquil Ekkaula beach attracts lots of tourists.

Chowra Island

  • Chowra is an island in the Andaman and Nicobar islands group of India.
  • It is located to the north of Teressa island and to the south of Battimalv Island in the Indian Ocean.
  • It is also known as Choura, Tatat or Sanenyo.

Other Coastal Features

Coco Channel

  • Located between Landfall Island and Coco Island (Myanmar)
  • Links the Bay of Bengal with the Andman Sea
  • Maritime boundary between India and Myanmar

Duncan Passage

  • Strait that separates the Rutland Island to the north and the Little Andaman to the south
  • Links the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea
  • Several islands in the passage

Austen Strait 

  • Located between North Andaman and Middle Andaman
  • East of the Interview Island
  • Links Bay of Bengal with the Andaman Sea

Ten Degree Channel

  • Separates Andaman and Nicobar islands
  • 150 km wide, lies on the 10-degree North latitude
  • Links Bay of Bengal with the Andaman Sea

Sombrero Channel

  • Between Katchal Island and Little Nicobar
  • Links Andaman Sea the Indian Ocean
  • Waterway for the Port Nancowry

Great Channel

  • Between Great Nicobar and Sumatra
  • Maritime boundary between India and Indonesia
  • Important international waterway passes through it
  • South of the Indira Point

Palk Bay

  • Between India and Sri Lanka
  • NE of Adam’s Bridge and South-West of the Palk Strait, which links it with the Bay of Bengal
  • So many smaller islands are found
  • Fishing ground and strategically important

Gulf of Mannar

  • Between India and Sri Lanka, South-West of the Adam’s Bridge
  • Dotted with many islands
  • Marine biosphere reserve
  • Fishing ground, sea route, strategically important
  • Coral reefs

Kakinada Bay

  • Shallow- bar- built water body (Depth 3-8 m at high tide), north-east of the Godavari Delta
  • Kakinada Port on the western coast
  • Hope Island protects the port from storms, waves and cyclones.

Indira Point

  • Located at the southern tip of the Great Nicobar
  • The southernmost point of India
  • Touches the Great Channel
  • Also called as Pygmalion Point

Cape Comorin

  • The Virgin Princess
  • The southernmost point of mainland India in Tamil nadu
  • Meeting point of Arabian Sea, Gulf of Mannar and Indian Ocean
  • Average elevation- 0 metre
  • Favourite tourist place
  • Closest major city is Nagercoil.

Point Calimere

  • Low headland on the Coromandel Coast
  • At the apex of the Kaveri Delta
  • A right angle turn in the Indian Peninsula
  • Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary

Thane Creek

  • Part of the estuary of Ulhas River opening into the Bombay Harbour
  • Stretches from Mumbra Ritibunder to the Mankhurd Vashi Bridge
  • Thane city is located at its head
  • Important bird nesting area

Mahim Bay

  • Between Worli (S) and Bandra (N) to the west of Mumbai
  • Named after the island of Mahim
  • Mithi River drains into the Mahim Creek
  • Bandra- Worli Sea Link aims to link the two ends by a flyover bridge

Gulf of Khambhat

  • Between Kathiawar Peninsula and Gujarat Plain
  • Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada and Tapi drain into it
  • It is shallow and abounds in shoals and sandbank’s including Mal Bank and Malacca Banks
  • Oil and gas, tidal energy, corals

Gulf of Kutch

  • Between Kutch and Kathiawar
  • Rukmavati River drains into it
  • Mandvi, Mundra, Kandla, Jamnagar, Salaya, Okha are located
  • Marine National Park (near Jamnagar)
  • Corals, tidal power, sea route
  • So many small islands.

Sir Creek

  • Strip of water disputed between India and Pakistan in the Rann of Kutch marshlands
  • Locally called as Baan Ganga
  • Pakistan claims entire creek as per Paras 9 and 10 of the Bombay Government Resolution of 1914.
  • Rich in oil and gas

Kori Creek

  • Large creek east of the Sir Creek in the marshlands of the Kutch
  • Disputed between India and Pakistan
  • Region is rich in oil and gas

Mal Bank

  • Located at the head of the Gulf of Khambhat, where Sabarmati and Mahi rivers drain
  • Khambhat city is located in the north-eastern part
  • Oil and gas, coral, tidal power potential

Malacca Banks

  • At the southern entrance of the Gulf of Khambhat
  • Sandbanks below the sea surface (shoals)
  • West and southwest of Surat
  • A system of four irregular ridges running roughly from north to south
  • Malacca Bank proper refers to the second ridge from the west

Sundarbans

  • Largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forests in the world
  • The name came from ‘Sundari trees’
  • Spreaded at the seaward fringe of the Ganga Delta in West Bengal and Bangladesh
  • UNESCO’s World Heritage Site
  • Royal Bengal Tigers are much famous

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Mani M

Pls check Barren Island recent eruption may be 2018

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