Hindi Literature Syllabus: Paper-1

Section A- History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi
  • Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during the medieval period
  • Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi
  • Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during the 19th Century
  • The early form of Khari-boli in Siddha- Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitya, Rahim, etc. and Dakhni Hindi.
  • Development of Hindi as a national Language during the freedom movement
  • Standardization of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi
  • Grammatical Structure of Standard Hindi
  • Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts of its reform & Standard form of Hindi
  • Scientific and Technical Development of Hindi Language
  • Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter-relationship
  • The development of Hindi as a National Language of the Union of India
Section B- History of Hindi Literature
  • The relevance and importance of Hindi Literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature
  • Literary trends of the following four periods of the history of Hindi Literature, that is, Adikal, Bhaktikal, Ritikal, Adhunik Kaal
    • Adikal- Sidh, Nath and Raso Sathiya
    • Prominent poets- Chandvardai, Khusaro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati
    • Ritikal- Ritikavya, Titibaddhkavya & Riti Mukta Kavya
    • Prominent poets- Keshav Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand
    • Bhaktikal- Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara
    • Prominent poets- Kabit, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi
    • Adhunik Kal- Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal
    • Prominent writers- Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra
    • Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry: Chhayavad, Pragativad, Prayogvad, Nai Kavita, Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and Javadi Kavita
    • Prominent poets- Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar, Agyeye, Muktibodh, Nagarjun
  • Katha Sahitya
    • Upanyas & Realism
    • The origin and development of Hindi Novels
    • Prominent Novelists- Premchand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu, and Bhism Sahani
    • The origin and development of Hindi short story
    • Prominent short story writers- Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan Rakesh & Krishna Sobti
  • Drama & Theatre
    • The origin & development of Hindi Drama
    • Prominent Dramatists- Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur, Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh
    • The development of Hindi Theatre
  • Criticism
    • The origin and development of Hindi criticism: Saiddhantik, Vyavharik, Pragativadi, Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana
    • Prominent critics- Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra
    • The other form of Hindi prose- Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant

Hindi Literature Syllabus: Paper-2

Section A
  • Jayasi: Padmawat Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
  • Surdas– Bhramar Geet Sar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)
  • Tulsidas– Ramcharitmanas
  • Kabir– Kabir Granthavali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis)
  • Maithili Sharan Gupta– Bharat Bharati
  • Bihari– Bihari Ratnakar Jagannath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)
  • Prasad– Kamayani (Chinta and Shraddha Sarg)
  • Nirala– Rag Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta)
  • Nagarjun: Badal ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha
  • Agyeya– Aangan Ke Paar Dwaar
  • Muktibodh: Brahm Rakhashas
  • Dinkar– Kurukshetra
Section B
  • Bharatendu: Bharat Durdasha
  • Mohan Rakesh: Ashad Ka Ek Din
  • Ramchandra Shukla: Chintamani (Part I) (Kavita Kya Hai)
  • Satyendra: Nibandh Nilaya
  • Premchand: Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai/Manjusha – Prem Chand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai.
  • Prasad: Skandagupta
  • Yashpal: Divya
  • Phaniswar Nath Renu: Maila Anchal
  • Mannu Bhandari: Mahabhoj
  • Rajendra Yadav: Ek Dunia Samanantar

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