Conservation Reserves and Community Reserve

Conservation Reserves and Community Reserve – UPSC

In this article, You will read Conservation Reserves and Community Reserve for UPSC IAS Exam.

Conservation Reserves and Community Reserve

Conservation reserves and community reserves are terms denoting protected areas which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and reserved and protected forests of India.

Such areas are designated as conservation areas if they are uninhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities, and community areas if part of the lands are privately owned.

These protected area categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 − the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

Amendments to the Wildlife protection act in 2003, provided a mechanism for recognition and legal backing to the community initiated efforts in wildlife protection.

It provides a flexible system to achieve wildlife conservation without compromising community needs.

These categories were added because of reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to private ownership of land and land use.

These categories roughly correspond to IUCN Category V (conservation reserves) and VI (community reserves) protected areas.

As of March 2020, there were 88 conservation reserves and 163 community reserves in India.

there were 86 conservation reserves and 127 community reserves in India.

there were 86 conservation reserves and 163 community reserves in India.

there were 92 conservation reserves and 163 community reserves in India.

Source: Wildlife Institute of India, ENVIS Centre on Wildlife & Protected Areas

( June 24, 2020) Maharashtra: Tillari area in Sindhudurg declared conservation reserve

Tillari Conservation Reserve

The Maharashtra Government has declared 29.53 sq km area of Dodamarg forest range in Sindhudurg district as ‘Tillari Conservation Reserve’. (Jul 2020)

  • Tillari is the seventh wildlife corridor in the state to be declared as a ‘conservation reserve’.
  • The area covering nine villages in the forest range is known to serve as a corridor and even as a habitat for the population of tigers and elephants moving between the three states of Goa, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.
  • It connects the Mhadei sanctuary in Goa and Bhimgad in Karnataka.
  • It has semi-evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forests, and a number of unique trees, butterflies, and flowers.
Tillari Conservation Reserve

List of Indian Conservation Reserves

S.No. Name of   Conservation ReserveState
1Chharidhandh  Conservation ReserveGujarat
2Bir Bara Ban  Conservation ReserveHaryana
3Saraswati Plantation  Conservation ReserveHaryana
4Khiram  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
5Panyar  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
6Khanagund  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
7Shikargah  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
8Khrew  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
9Khonmoh  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
10Brain-Nishat  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
11Khimber/Dara/Sharazbal  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
12Wangat/Chatergul  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
13Ajas  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
14Naganari  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
15Zaloora, Harwan  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
16Sudhmahadev  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
17Jawahar Tunnel  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
18Thein  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
19Bahu  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
20Sabu  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
21Boodh Karbu  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
22Hokera (Ramsar Site) (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
23Narkara (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
24Manibugh (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
25Chatlam, Pampore (WL)Jammu and Kashmir
26Mirgund (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
27Shallabugh (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
28Ajas (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
29Hygam (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
30Malgam (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
31Gharana (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
32Pargwal (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
33Kukarian (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
34Nanga (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
35Sangral-Asa Chak (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
36Tsomoiri (Ramsar Site) (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
37Norrichain (WL)  Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir
38Bankapur Peacock Conservation Reserve (Bird)Karnataka
39Jayamangali Black Buck  Conservation ReserveKarnataka
40Afghanashini  Conservation ReserveKarnataka
41Bedthi Conservation ReserveKarnataka
42Basur Amruth Mahal Kaval  Conservation ReserveKarnataka
43Hornbill Con Res  Conservation ReserveKarnataka
44Shalmale Ripariam Bio-System  Conservation ReserveKarnataka
45Thungabhadra Otter  Conservation ReserveKarnataka
46Ankasamudra BirdsKarnataka
47KappathaguddaKarnataka
48Magadi KereKarnataka
49Melapura Bee Eater BirdKarnataka
50Puttenahalli Lake BirdsKarnataka
5152ThimlapuraUmmathur Con RKarnatakaKarnataka
53Anjneri Conservation ReserveMaharashtra
54Kolamarka Conservation ReserveMaharashtra
55Mamdapur Conservation ReserveMaharashtra
56Muktai Bhavani Conservation ReserveMaharashtra
57Toranmal Conservation ReserveMaharashtra
58Bhorkada Conservation ReserveMaharashtra
59Beas River Conservation ReservePunjab
60Rakh Sarai Amanat Khan Conservation ReservePunjab
61Ranjit Sagar Conservation ReservePunjab
62Roper Wetland Conservation ReservePunjab
63Bisalpur  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
64Jor Beed Gadwala Bikaner  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
65Sundha Mata  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
66Gudha Vishnoi  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
67Shakambhari  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
68Umedganj Bird  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
69Jawai Band Leopard  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
70Gogelao  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
71Rotu  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
72Bir Jhunjhunu  Conservation ReserveRajasthan
73Khetri BansyalRajasthan
74Sling Dong Fairreanum OrchidSikkim
75Thiruppudai- maruthur Birds  Conservation ReserveTamil Nadu
76Suchindrum-Theroor-Managudi  Conservation ReserveTamil Nadu
77Asan Barage Wetland Conservation Reserve(Bird)Uttarakhand
78Jhilmi Jheel  Conservation Reserve (Bird)Uttarakhand
79Pawalgarh  Conservation ReserveUttarakhand
80Naina Devi Himalayan BirdUttarakhand
81Darlaghat  Conservation ReserveHimachal Pradesh
82Shilli Conservation ReserveHimachal Pradesh
83Shri Naina Devi  Conservation ReserveHimachal Pradesh
84Deul Conservation ReserveWest Bengal
85Garpanchkot Conservation ReserveWest Bengal
86Hijli Conservation ReserveWest Bengal
87Mukutmanipur Conservation ReserveWest Bengal
88Tekonia Conservation ReserveWest Bengal
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