To strengthen and re-energize the program and achieve full immunization coverage for all children and pregnant women at a rapid pace, the Government of India launched “Mission indradhanush” in December 2014.

Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0

To boost the routine immunization coverage in the country, the Government of India has introduced Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 to ensure reaching the unreached with all available vaccines and accelerate the coverage of children and pregnant women in the identified districts and blocks from December 2019- March 2020.

  • With the launch of Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0, India has the opportunity to achieve further reductions in deaths among children under five years of age, and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of ending preventable child deaths by 2030.
  • Several ministries, including the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Panchayati Raj, Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Youth Affairs, and others have come together to make the mission a resounding success and support the central government in ensuring the benefits of vaccines reach the last mile.
  • The IMI 2.0 portal was launched, which has been designed to capture information on the block-wise target of children and pregnant women to be vaccinated during the IMI drive and also the coverage data during the rounds of activity.
  • As of Oct 2019, Mission Indradhanush and related programs have successfully reached out to and vaccinated 3.39 crore children and 87.2 Lakh pregnant women in India.

Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0

  • Objective: To reach the unreached population with all the available vaccines under the Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) and thereby accelerate the full immunization and complete immunization coverage of children and pregnant women.
  • Coverage:
    • It will have two rounds this year which will be conducted in 250 pre-identified districts/urban areas across 29 States/UTs.
      • The districts have been classified to reflect 313 low-risk, 152 medium-risk, and 250 high-risk districts.
    • Beneficiaries from migration areas and remote areas would be targeted as they may have missed their vaccine doses during the pandemic.
  • Significance: It will foster India’s march towards the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Diseases Covered:
    • Provides vaccination against 12 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (VPD) i.e. diphtheria, Whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, meningitis and pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza type B infections, Japanese encephalitis (JE), rotavirus vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), and measles-rubella (MR).
    • However, Vaccination against Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenzae type B is being provided in selected districts of the country.
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