Global Hunger Index – UPSC

In this article, I wanna walk you through Global Hunger Index for UPSC IAS.

Global Hunger Index

  • The Global Hunger Index aims to track hunger at the world, regional, and country-level. It is an annual report (peer-reviewed) published by Concern Worldwide of Ireland and Welthungerhilfe (a German non-profit organization). 
  • It was first produced in 2006.
  • High-income countries are not included in the GHI.
  • Calculation: The GHI scores are calculated each year to assess progress and setbacks in combating hunger. It is calculated on the basis of four indicators:
    • Undernourishment: Share of the population with insufficient caloric intake.
    • Child Wasting: Share of children under age five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition.
    • Child Stunting: Share of children under age five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition.
    • Child Mortality: The mortality rate of children under the age of five.
  • Scoring:
    • Based on the values of the four indicators, the GHI determines hunger on a 100-point scale where 0 is the best possible score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst.
    • Each country’s GHI score is classified by severity, from low to extremely alarming.
Composition of the Global Hunger Index
  • GHI Severity Scale
    • Countries where hunger is low (GHI ≤9.9)  
    • Countries where hunger is moderate (GHI = 10.0–19.9)  
    • Countries where hunger is serious (GHI = 20.0–34.9)  
    • Countries where hunger is alarming (GHI = 35.0–49.9)  
    • Countries where hunger is extremely alarming (GHI ≥50.0)
GHI Severity Scale

Global Hunger Index – India’s Rank

India has been ranked at 94 among 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2020.

2020 GHI94 out of 107 
2019 GHI102 out of 117
2018 GHI103 out of 119
India’s Performance in GHI 2020
  • Overall Performance:
    • With a score of 27.2, India has a level of hunger that is “serious”.
    • It ranks 94 out of 107 countries in the Index. In 2019, India’s rank was 102 out of 117 countries.
  • Comparison with Other Countries:
    • India features behind Nepal (73), Pakistan (88), Bangladesh (75), Indonesia (70) among others.
    • Out of the total 107 countries, only 13 countries fare worse than India including countries like Rwanda (97), Nigeria (98), Afghanistan (99), Liberia (102), Mozambique (103), Chad (107) among others.
  • Performance on the Indicators:
    • Undernourishment: 14% of India’s population is undernourished (2017-19). It was 16.3% during 2011-13.
    • Child Wasting: 17.3% (2015-19), it was 15.1% in 2010-14.
    • Child Stunting: 34.7%, it has improved significantly, from 54% in 2000 to less than 35% now.
    • Child Mortality: 3.7%, it was 5.2% in 2012.
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