Which one of the following statements best describes the ‘Polar Code’?
It is the international code of safety for ships operating in polar waters.
It is the agreement of the countries around the North Pole regarding the demarcation of their territories in the polar region.
It is a set of norms to be followed by the countries whose scientists undertake research studies in the North Pole and South Pole.
It is a trade and security agreement of the member countries of the Arctic Council.
(a) It is the international code of safety for ships operating in polar waters.
- The International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (the Polar Code) is a new code adopted by the IMO.
- The Code acknowledges that polar waters may impose additional demands on ships beyond those normally encountered. It provides a mandatory framework for ships operating in polar waters.
- It is mandatory under both the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
- The Polar Code covers the full range of design, construction, equipment, operational, training, search and rescue and environmental protection matters relevant to ships operating in the inhospitable waters surrounding the two poles.
- The Polar Code entered into force on 1 January 2017.