What is UPSC? Everything about UPSC IAS Exam

What is UPSC?

The Union Public Service Commission also simply referred to as the UPSC is India’s central recruiting agency. Civil Services Examination (UPSC) is one of the most competitive and prestigious exams, popularly known as IAS is conducted by UPSC to recruit candidates for Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Police Service, and several other Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’ Central Services/ Posts.

Civil Services offers premier job opportunities and a challenging career. The selected candidates play a major role in managing the bureaucracy of both the central and the state governments, holding strategic posts across the country.

These candidates recruited as officers are involved in various responsibilities like the framing of the policies, implementation, law, and order, general administration, development of new projects, etc. These officers will get a chance to work as authoritative posts like Sub-Divisional Magistrate, District Magistrate, Divisional Commissioner, Principal Secretaries/Financial Commissioners, Chief Secretary of state or central government.

The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pension, is the cadre controlling authority.

What is UPSC eligibility?

For All India Services (IAS and IPS), the candidate must be a citizen of India.
For Other Services like IRS, IAAS, IRTS, etc. the candidate must be either
1. a Citizen of India, or
2. a Citizen of Nepal, or
3. a subject of Bhutan, or
4. a Tibetan refugee, who came over to India before 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
5. a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
Note 1: Provided that a candidate belongs to categories (2), (3), (4) or (5), he/she must have a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India.
Note 2: Further, candidates belonging to categories (2), (3) or (4) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.
Note 3: A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.


Educational Qualification for UPSC

To be eligible to apply for an IAS officer post, a candidate must have at least one of the following education degree or qualification:
  • An education grade/degree from a Central, State or a Deemed University under the UGC Act.
  • An education grade/degree attained through correspondence or distance education course.
  • An education grade/degree on completion of the course from an open university.
  • An education grade/degree/qualification granted recognition by the Government of India in consideration of standing equivalent to one of the above.
  • An education grade/degree identified as applicable by an Act of Parliament.
Obtaining the right education degree should be the basic objective for an IAS Officer aspirant.
Candidates meeting the below criteria can also appear for the UPSC CSE:
  • Individuals who have given the graduation exam or the equivalent (relevant as per the Government of India) exam or higher examinations, and are still waiting for the exam results scheduled to appear in the same year of the IAS exam, can sit for the paper.
  • Individuals who have cleared the final MBBS degree exam but may not have finished their MBBS internship.
  • Individuals who have cleared the final paper of the Institute of Chartered Accountant of India (ICAI), ICSI and ICWAI.
  • Only candidates who possess a degree from a private university meeting the set conditions as specified above.
  • Only candidates who have a degree from a foreign university granted recognition by the Association of Indian Universities.
The aspirant needs to submit the proof of eligibility from the designated or practicing authority or a representative from the university or institution they pursued the course from at the time of appearing for the UPSC Main Exam.
Candidates who are not able to furnish the proof will not be allowed to appear for the examination.
Any candidate who has appeared or intends to take the CSE exam and is waiting for their results is considered eligible to take the IAS preliminary exam.
They are still required to submit proof of clearing the final (education qualification) exam alongside the Detailed Application Form (DAF) submission for the UPSC CSE Mains.


Age limit and Attempts for UPSC IAS

The regulated age criteria for individuals who wish to take the written UPSC CSE exam is subject to many important related conditions.
Applicants should have attained a minimum age of 21 years and a maximum age permissible age of 32 years as on 1st August 2019, as per the official age criteria. This means candidates should not have been born earlier than 2nd August 1987 or after 1st August 1998.
The following table indicates the maximum age limit and the number of attempts allowed for all the categories:
Category Age Limit Number of Attempts
General Category Upper age limit is 32 Years Number of attempts allowed is 6
OBC Category Upper age limit is 35 years Number of attempts allowed is 9
SC / ST Category Upper age limit is 37 Years Number of attempts allowed is Unlimited
Physically Handicapped Category Upper age limit for General Category Candidates is 42 Years OBC Category Candidates is 45 Years SC/ST Category Candidates is 47 Years Number of attempts allowed is Unlimited in all the cases
J & K Domicile Candidates Upper age limit for General Category Candidates is 37 Years Upper age limit for OBC Category Candidates is 40 Years Upper age limit for SC/ST Category Candidates is 42 Years Upper age limit for Physically Handicapped Candidates is 50 Years Number of attempts allowed is the same as specified above for the General, OBC, SC/ST, Physically Handicapped category students
Ex-Servicemen Candidates Upper age limit for General category is 37 Years Upper age limit for OBC category is 40 Years Upper age limit for SC/ST category is 42 Years Number of attempts allowed is the same as specified above for the General, OBC, SC/ST, Physically Handicapped category students
Disabled Defence Services Personnel* conditional Upper age limit for General category is 37 Years Upper age limit for OBC category is 40 Years Upper age limit for SC/ST category is 42 Years Number of attempts allowed is the same as specified above for the General, OBC, SC/ST, Physically Handicapped category students

List Of Services In UPSC

These are the following services that one gets on qualifying the Civil Service Examination. The service allocation depends on one’s rank and the number of vacancies in service in that particular year.

All India Services
  1. Indian Administrative Service
  2. Indian Police Service
  3. Indian Foreign Service
Group ‘A’ Services
  1. Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
  2. Indian Audit and Accounts Service
  3. Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
  4. Indian Defence Accounts Service
  5. Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)
  6. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
  7. Indian Postal Service
  8. Indian Civil Accounts Service
  9. Indian Railway Traffic Service
  10. Indian Railway Accounts Service
  11. Indian Railway Personnel Service
  12. Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force
  13. Indian Defence Estates Service
  14. Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
  15. Indian Trade Service
  16. Indian Corporate Law Service
Group ‘B’ Service
  1. Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer′s Grade)
  2. Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’.
  3. Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’
  4. . Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’
  5. Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’

What is IAS?

The Indian Administrative Service simply referred to as the IAS is the administrative arm of the All India Services. It is considered as the premier civil service of India, the IAS is one of the three arms of the All India Services along with the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service.

What is IAS officer salary in India?

Qualify UPSC CSE is a dream for all Government Exam Aspirants. The lucrative career opportunity, the perks, an opportunity to serve the country as an administrator are some of the key factors that make Civil Services one of the most sought after career option in the country.

The basic per month salary of an IAS officer starts at Rs.56,100(TA, DA, and HRA are extra) and can go on to reach Rs.2,500,00 for a Cabinet Secretary.

Pay Level Basic Pay Years of Service Posts
10 INR 56,100 1-4 ASP/SDM/ Asst. Commissioner
11 INR 67,700 5-8 ADM/Deputy Secretary/ Undersecretary
12 INR 78,800 9-12 DM/ Joint Secretary/ Deputy Secretary
13 INR 1,18,500 13-16 DM/ Special Secretary cum director/ Director
14 INR 1,44,200 16-24 Divisional Commissioner/ Secretary Cum Commissioner/ Joint Secretary
15 INR 1,82,200 25-30 Divisional Commissioner/ Principal Secretary/ Additional Secretary
16 INR 2,05,400 30-33 Additional Chief Secretary
17 INR 2,25,000 34-36 Chief Secretary
18 INR 2,50,000 37+ years Cabinet Secretary of India

The total Salary of an IAS Officer thus comprises of Basic Pay + DA (Dearness Allowances) + TA (Transport Allowances) + HRA (House Rent Allowance).

What is the work of an IAS officer?

IAS officer is responsible for the maintenance of law and order, revenue administration and general administration in the area under him. Work of an IAS officer broadly include:

  1. Collection of revenue and function as Courts in revenue matters.
  2. Maintenance of law and order.
  3. Function as Executive Magistrate.
  4. Function as Chief Development Officer (CDO)/District Development Commissioner.
  5. Supervision of the implementation of policies of the State Government and Central Government.
  6. To travel to places to oversee the implementation of policies.
  7. Supervision of expenditure of public funds as per norms of financial propriety.
  8. In the process of policy formulation and decision making, IAS officers at various levels like Joint Secretary, Deputy Secretary, etc. make their contributions and give final shape to policies.
  9. To handle the daily affairs of the government, including framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge of the concerned Ministry;

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