Major Pillar Edicts of AshokaLocation/Place
MeerutUttar Pradesh
KausambiUttar Pradesh
SarnathUttar Pradesh
RampurvaChamparan, Bihar
SanchiMadhya Pradesh
Lauriya-ArarajChamparan, Bihar
Lauriya-NandangarhChamparan, Bihar
SankissaUttar Pradesh
Minor Pillar EdictsLocation/Place
SarnathUttar Pradesh
SanchiMadhya Pradesh
Allahabad (Kosambi)Uttar Pradesh
Rummindei/ PaderiaNepal
Nigali SagarNepal


  • Originally located in Kaushambi on the left bank of river Yamuna, (Allahabad district, U.P) which was probably moved to Allahabad in the medieval period.
  • Pillar is an Ashoka Stambha.
  • Contains Ashokan inscription in Brahmi containing the same six edicts that can be seen on the other pillars.
  • Also has later inscriptions of Samudragupta.
    • It is in Sanskrit, written in Gupta script (later version of Brahmi) by the poet and minister, Harishena.
    • Praising Samudragupta and lists the political and military achievements.
  • Also engraved on the stone are inscriptions by the Mughal emperor, Jahangir.

Delhi-Meerut and Delhi-Topra

  • Two pillar edicts in Delhi.
  • Delhi-Meerut Pillar on the Delhi ridge.
    • Originally located in Topra, Haryana, but was transported to Delhi by Firozshah Tughlaq.
      • Seven main inscriptions or edicts in Brahmi of Emperor Ashoka apart from some figures and many minor inscriptions.
  • Delhi-Topra Pillar in the grounds of Feroz Shah Kotla.
    • Originally located in Topra, Haryana, but was transported to Delhi by Firozshah Tughlaq.
      • The inscription is in Brahmi script.
      • Conveys the same message as the other Ashokan Pillars erected such as “code of dharma: virtue, social cohesion and piety” but with one difference that on this pillar there is also a reference to issues related to taxation.

Lauria Nandangarh

  • Located in West Champaran district of North Bihar.
  • It has Pillar Edicts of Ashoka, containing of the 6 proclamations (edicts) of Ashoka, written in Brahmi and Prakrit.
  • The pillar has figures of peacocks engraved on it.
  • It has single lion capital.
  • A number of mounds have been discovered near the pillar in the village of Nandangarh where relics of large Stupa could be found.
  • These mounds belonged to pre Mauryan age and represented some royal tombs, similar, perhaps to the Chaityas of Vrijjis, Mallas republic and others as mentioned in the early Buddhist literature.

Lauria Areraj

  • Located in East Champaran, North Bihar.
  • It was erected around 249 B.C by King Ashoka.
  • It has pillar, a single block of sandstone column, established by Ashoka and contains six edicts on it.
  • Presently devoid of any capital.


  • In West Champaran district, Bihar.
  • Two Ashokan pillars found.
  • On one of the pillars with bull at the top.
  • On the second pillar’s top is a lion.
  • The lion pillar is inscribed with Edicts of Ashoka and the bull is without inscriptions.


  • Located in Afghanistan.
  • Kandahar Greek Edicts of Ashoka are among the Major Rock Edicts.
  • written in the Greek language and Prakrit language.
  • It is thought that Old Kandahar was founded in the 4th century BCE by Alexander the Great.
  • It became part of many empires, including the Mauryans, Indo-Scythians, Safavids etc.
  • It has been a frequent target for conquest because of its strategic location, controlling the main trade route linking the Indian subcontinent with the Middle East, Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.
  • The city was often fought over by the Safavids and the Mughals during medieval period.


  • This minor Pillar Inscription is presently situated near Rummindei, within Nepalese territory.
  • It was originally situated near the stupa of Buddha Konakarnana to record first the enlargement of the stupa and later Ashoka’s visit to the site.
  • Hsuan Tsang writes that he saw the pillar at the site of the Konakarnana stupa, six miles from Kapilavastu, and that the pillar was surmounted by a carved lion. Neither the stupa nor the lion have so far been found, since the pillar has been removed from its original site.
Pilar Edicts of Ashoka
Pilar Edicts of Ashoka

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