The tribal communities have always been very conservative in nature and wanted to retain features of their society. Indian tribal uprisings, rebellions, and movements were motivated by revolutionary ideas. After the interference in their way of living, diverse tribal communities from various regions of India led a revolt against the exploitative and discriminatory practices of the British Indian Government during the time of British rule.
List of Tribal Uprisings
|Organised by aboriginal tribesmen of Midnapore, against land revenue demands and economic distress.
|It was headed by Raja Jagganath who led Pahariyas of Raj Mahal Hills against British expansion on their land.
|Paika Rebellion of 1817 is an armed revolt against the British by the Paikas of Khurda in Odisha. The rebellion took form and shape under the leadership of Buxi Jagabandhu Bidyadhara.
|Anti-British sentiments prevailed in the Cutch and Kathiawad areas. The struggle between the Cutch ruler, Rao Bharmal and the pro-Jhareja chiefs was at the root of the trouble.
|1818-1831 and 1913
|In the Western Ghats against the Company’s rule formed Bhil Raj. Reorganised again in 1913 under Govind Guru to fight for Bhil Raj.
|Ho and Munda Uprisings
|By Ho tribals led by Raja Parahat in Singhbhum and Chottanagpur region against new farming revenue policy. This later became the Munda rebellion.
|By the Ramosi tribals of western ghats, under Chittur Singh against Britisher’s occupation of the region.
|The tribals of Gujrat and Maharashtra revolted against the Company’s control in 1829, 1839, and again in 1844-48.
|Tribals of Chottanagpur under Buddho Bagat revolted against Britishers and money lenders.
|Tribals of hills from Tamil Nadu to Bengal led by Chakra Bisoi revolted against interference in tribal customs and the imposition of new taxes.
|Tribals of Bihar led by Sido and Kanhu against moneylenders and zamindars.
|Tribals of Madhya Pradesh and Gujrat against British and caste Hindus to establish Dharma Raj.
|Tribals of Bihar led by Bhagrit Majhi against revenue settlement activities.
|Bhuyan and Juang Rebellions
|Tribes of Keonjhar, Orissa revolted twice in 1867 and 1891.
|Tribals of the Chotanagpur area revolted under Birsa Munda against the ‘Dikus’.
|Tribals of the eastern Godavari region led by Tomma Sora and Raja Annantyar revolted against the police and moneylenders.
|Social reformers like Surjibhagat and Govind Giri launched the ‘Lasodia Movement ‘ for social reforms amongst the Bhils of Mewar , Bagar and nearby regions in the later half of 19th century. Govind Giri founded ‘Sabhya Samaj’ in 1883 with view to organise Bhil community. He is considered as the propounder of ‘Lasodia Movement.
|By tribals of Jagdalpur against new feudal and forest levies.
|Tana Bhagat Movement
|Tribals of Chottanagpur, led by Jatra Bhagat, and Balram Bhagat revolted against the interference of outsiders.
|Tribals of Nallamalla Hills led by K. Hanumanthu revolted against the British forest laws.
|Led by Alluri Sitaraman Raju of Koyas, Andhra Pradesh against British interference.
North Eastern Frontier Tribal Movement
|In Assam against non-fulfilment of Britishers’ promise to leave their region after the Burmese war.
|Led by Tirath Singh in the hills of Jaintia and Garo against the occupation of their region.
|In Assam against occupation fo their region by Britishers.
|In Manipur, against British policies of recruiting labour during World War.
|By tribes of Manipur against the failure of the British to protect them during Kuki violence.
|By tribals of Manipur, led by Jadonang against British rule and to form Naga raj.