By Charter Act of 1833, the post name of Governor-General of Bengal again converted into “Governor-General of India” (first Governor-General of India was William Bentinck.

  • This post was mainly for administrative purposes and reported to the Court of Directors of the East India Company.
YearGovernors-General of IndiaMajor Reforms & Events
1828-1835Lord William BentinckFirst Governor General of India

Abolition of Sati System (Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829)

Brahmo samaj established by Ram Mohan Roy

Mahalwari System in Central India, Punjab And Western UP.

Saint Helena Act 1833 or Charter Act 1833 (Christian Missionaries get Exclusive rights to spread Christianity in British India which included the present day Pakistan)

Kol Rebellion in 1831

Barasat Uprising in 1831, led by Titumir

English Education Act 1835 and introduction of English as a medium of instruction

Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata (1835)

Suppression of Thuggee (1829–35), infanticide and child sacrifices.

Annexation of Mysore(1831), Coorg(1834), and central Cachar(1834)

Abolition of the provincial courts of appeal and circuit set by Cornwallis, appointment of commissioners of revenue and circuit
1835-1836Lord Charles MetcalfeRepealed 1823 Licensing Regulations

Known as Liberator of India Press

Establishment of Calcutta Public Library in 1836 (currently known as National Library of India)
1836-1842Lord AucklandTripartite Treaty in 1838 between British, Shah Shuja and Maharaja Ranjit Singh against Dost Muhammad Khan.

The First Anglo Afghan War(1840–1842) (British Army massacred by the strong Afghan army and militia during the 1842 Retreat from Kabul-worst British Military disaster)

Bank of Bombay (1840) established (later Imperial Bank of India, now State Bank of India)

First Bengali daily newspaper Sambad Prabhakar was published in 1839

Tattwabodhini Sabha was formed by Debendranath Tagore in 1839

advocated the Forward Policy in India (to take initiatives to protect British India’s boundary from a probable Russian attack)
1842-1844Lord EllenboroughGwalior War (1843) (British defeat Marathas)

Bank of Madras (1843) established (later Imperial Bank of India, now State Bank of India)

Conquest and annexation of Sind Province by British (1843)

Indian Slavery Act, 1843
1844-1848Lord Hardinge IThe First Anglo-Sikh War (1845–46) (British Empire defeats the Sikh Empire and confiscate major portion of its territory)

Treaty of Lahore (1846) (British confiscated Kashmir from the Sikhs and sold it to Raja of Jammu for 75 lakh rupees)

Treaty of Bhairowal (1846)

Establishment of Roorkee Engineering College (1847)
1848-1856Lord DalhousieDoctrine of Lapse in 1848

Charter Act, 1853

Bethune Collegiate School (1849) (was also known as Calcutta Female School) was established by John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune

Charles Wood Despatch (1854)

Establishment of summer capital at Shimla

Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852) (The sole aim of Dalhousie was to humiliate and annex more of Burmese Territories. Burma was attacked unprovoked)

First Passenger train between Bombay and Thane (1853)

First telegraph Line was laid between Diamond Harbour to Calcutta. (1851)

Post Office Act, 1854

Established Public Works Department (1854)

The Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848–1849) (The British totally defeated the Sikh Empire and annexed Punjab)

Santhal Rebellion (1855) (15,000 Santhals were killed by the British Army during the rebellion. Elephants were used to destroy Santhal Dwellings)

Religious Disabilities Act, 1856

Annexation of Oudh on the grounds of alleged internal misrule (1856)

Banned Female Infanticide completely and Human Sacrifice in Central province, Odisha and Maharashtra

Widow Remarriage Act (draft)

Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services 

Abolition of titles and pensions.
1856-1857Lord CanningHindu Widows’ Remarriage Act, 1856 (The law was drafted by The Earl of Dalhousie)

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Three universities: University of Calcutta, University of Bombay, and University of Madras were set up in 1857

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