Unified Digital Informationon School Education Plus (UDISE+)

  • Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE Plus) is one of the largest Management Information Systems initiated by Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education, on school education and was launched in 2018-2019 to speed up data entry, reduce errors, improve data quality and ease its verification.
  • UDISE Plus is an application to collect the school details about factors related to a school and its resources.
  • UDISE Plus is an updated and improved version of UDISE, which was initiated in 2012-13 by the Ministry of Education.
  • UDISE Plus covers more than 49 million schools, more than 9.5 million teachers and more than 265 million children.
  • It helps measure the education parameters from classes 1 to 12 in government and private schools across India.
  • In UDISE+ 2021-22additional data on important indicators like digital library, peer learning, hard spot identification, number of books available in school library, etc have been collected for the first time to align with the National Education Policy 2020 initiatives.
  • UDISE+ has a mandate of collecting information from all recognized and unrecognized schools imparting formal education from Pre-primary to XII.
  • Information collected through the digital platform of UDISE+, is utilized for the planning, optimized resource allocation and implementation of various education-related programs and assessments of progress made.
  • UDISE Plus, collects information through an online Data Collection Form (DCF) on parameters ranging from school, Infrastructure, teachers, enrolments, examination results etc. spread across 11 sections.
  • The Schools which get onboarded successfully on the platform are provided a UDISE Code, which acts as a national level unique identifier. UDISE+ has the school as the unit of data collection and district as the unit of data distribution.
  • Ever since its introduction, UDISE+ has acquired the status of the official statistics system of the ‘Ministry of Education’ and is now operational in all the districts of the country.

UDISE+ : Expected Outcomes & Benefits

  • Enables real-time exchange of information and provides a platform for online uploading of school related details (UDISE+ data).
  • Provides a platform to organize and classify all school data across the country, and build a credible database of school data.
  • Provides unique UDISE code to schools to uniquely identify them.
  • Improved monitoring, measurement and tracking of vital KPIs related to school performance.
  • Enables leveraging data analytics on school data to identify factors affecting school performances.
  • Time-series data allows to study the trend over years and monitor improvement/growth.
  • Rationalizes the capturing of school data – improves consistency and reduces error.
  • Provides traceability and audit trails of officials uploading the school data, Provides improved security of the sensitive school/student data.
  • Provides improved security of the sensitive school/student data.
  • Provides insights on the status of school education in states/UTs including key performance levers and areas for improvement.

Findings of the UDISE Plus 2021-22 Report

  • In 2021-22 total numbers of students enrolled in school education from primary to higher secondary increased as compared to the enrollment in 2020-21.
    • 57 crore students enrolled in 2021-22 as compared to 25.38 crores in 2020-21
  • Enrolment of Students from Scheduled castes increased to 4.82 Crore in 2021-22 as compared to 4.78 Crore in 2020-21.
    • Enrolment of Students from the Scheduled Tribe increased to 2.51 crore in 2021-22 from 2.49 crore in 2020-21.
    • Enrolment of Students from other backward groups also increased to 11.48 crore in 2021-22 from 11.35 crore in 2020-21.
  • The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) which measure the general level of participation has improved in 2021-22 at all levels of school education compared to 2020-21.
    • GER in higher secondary has increased from 53.8% in 2021-21 to 57.6% in 2021-22.
    • Overall Improvement:
      • The GER for the primary section has improved from 101.3% in 2018-2019 to 104.8% in 2021-2022.
      • For secondary classes, it has risen to 79.6% in 2021-22, from 76.9% in 2018-19 and for higher secondary level, it has increased from 50.14% to 57.6%.
    • Category-wise Improvement:
      • Total number of Scheduled Caste enrolment increased to 4.82 Crore in 2021-22 as compared to 4.78 Crore in 2020-21.
      • Total Scheduled Tribe enrolment increased to 2.51 crore in 2021-22 from 2.49 crore in 2020-21.
      • Total other backward students also increased to 11.48 crore in 2021-22 from 11.35 crore in 2020-21.
      • Total enrollment of Children with Special Needs (CWSN) in 2021-22 stands at 22.67 lakh as compared to 21.91 lakh in 2020-21.
  • During 2021-22, nearly 95.07 lakh teachers were engaged in school education out of which more than 51% are female teachers.
  • In 2021-22, the Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) stood at 26 for primary, 19 for upper primary, 18 for secondary and 27 for higher secondary.
    • In 2018-19, the PTR for primary, upper primary, secondary and higher secondary was 28, 19, 21, and 30 respectively.
  • Gender Parity Index (GPI)
    • In 2021-22, more than 12.29 crore girls were enrolled in primary to higher secondary.
    • The Gender Parity Index (GPI) shows the representation of females in school education is in line with the representation of girls in the population.
  • In 2021-22, the total number of schools stood at 14.89 lakhs as compared to 15.09 lakhs in 2020-21.
    • The decline in total schools is mainly due to the closure of private and other management schools and the grouping/ clustering of schools by various States.
  • The availability of basic infrastructure facilities in schools;
    • Electricity connection in 89.3% of schools.
    • Drinking water in 98.2% of schools
    • Girls’ toilets in 97.5% of schools
    • Playground in 77% of schools
    • Library/ Reading room/ Reading corner in 87.3% of schools
    • Only 27% of schools have special toilets for children with special needs (CSWN).
  • Kitchen Gardens in 27.7% of schools
  • Rain Water Harvesting in 21% of schools.
  • Only 44.85% of schools had computer facilities, and nearly 34% had an internet connection.

Performance Grading Index

  • It is an evidence-based comprehensive analysis of the school education system across states and Union Territories.
  • The Index classifies States and Union Territories into 10 grades based on their score out of a total 1,000 points.
    • The highest achievable Grade is Level 1, which is for State/UT scoring more than 950 points out of a total of 1000 points.
    • The lowest grade is Level 10 which is for scores below 551.
  • Their performance is assessed on a total of 70 indicators in five domains.
    • The five domains are learning outcome, access, infrastructure and facilities, equity and governance process.
  • The Index is based on data drawn from several data sources, including the Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE +) 2020-21, National Achievement Survey NAS 2017, and Mid Day Meal Portal.
  • Objective:
    • The prime objective of PGI is to promote evidence-based policymaking and highlight course correction to ensure quality education for all.
    • The PGI is expected to help States and UTs to pinpoint the gaps and accordingly prioritize areas for intervention to ensure that the school education system is robust at every level.

Findings of the PGI (Performance Grading Index)

  • States attained Level 2:
    • A total of 7 States and UTs, Viz., Kerala, Punjab, Chandigarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh have attained Level II (score 901-950) in 2020-21 as compared to none in 2017-18 and 4 in 2019-20.
      • Gujarat, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh are the new entrants to the highest achieved level of any state so far.
  • States attained Level 3:
    • A total of 12 States and UTs, including Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Odisha, attained Level 3 with a score between 851-900.
  • Biggest Improvement:
    • Ladakh has seen the biggest improvement by climbing up from Level 10 in 2019-2020 to Level 4 in 2020-2021.

State of Education System in India

  • According to PGI, the Indian Education System is one of the largest in the world with about 14.9 lakh schools, 95 lakh teachers, and nearly 26.5 crore students.
  • The current state of Education faces major challenges like lack of adequate infrastructure, low government expenditure on education (less than 3.5% of the GDP).
  • Related Initiatives:
    • National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning
    • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
    • Mid Day Meal Scheme
    • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
    • PM SHRI Schools

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