Newspapers during the freedom struggle in India were an important source of mass communication throughout the country. Leaders like Devendra Nath Tagore, Mahatma Gandhi, etc., used the newspaper to spread awareness among the masses. The impact of these journals and newspapers was limited to towns and cities and reached remote villages.

Newspapers during British Rule in India propagated the idea of patriotism, equality, the modern idea of democracy, and most importantly, ideas of freedom.

Magazines/books/News Paper (Year)Place of PublicationName of Founder/EditorDetails
Bengal Gazette (Calcutta
General Advertiser), (1780)
CalcuttaAugustus HickeyThe first newspaper (weekly) was started in India.
Madras Courier (1784-85)MadrasRichard Johnston.First paper from Madras.
India Gazette (1787)CalcuttaDerozio was associated with it.
Bombay Herald (1789)BombayJames Mackenzie MacleanFirst paper from Bombay.
Indian Herald (1795)MadrasStarted by R. WilliamsPublished in English by Humphreys.
Digdarshana (1818)CalcuttaJohn Clark MarshmanFirst Bengali monthly.
Calcutta Journal (1818)CalcuttaJ.S. Buckingham
Bengal Gazette (1818)CalcuttaHarishchandra RayFirst Bengali newspaper.
Sambad Kaumudi (1821)CalcuttaRaja Ram Mohan RoyWeekly in Bengali.
Mirat-ul-Akbar (1822)CalcuttaRaja Ram Mohan RoyFirst journal in Persian.
Jam-i-Jahan Numah (1822)CalcuttaAn English FirmFirst paper in Urdu
Banga-Duta (1822)CalcuttaRaja Ram Mohan Roy, Dwarkanath Tagore and othersA weekly in four Languages English, Bengali, Persian,Hindi
Bombay Samachar (1822)BombayFardunjee MarzbanFirst paper in Gujarati
East Indian (daily)Henry Vivian Derozio
Bombay Times (1838)BombayFounded by Robert Knight and started by Thomas Bennett.Became The Times of India’ from 1861 onwards,
Rast Goftar (1851)Dadabhai Naorojia Gujarati Fortnghtly
Hindu Patriot (1853 )CalcuttaGirishchandra Ghosh (later, Harishchandra Mukherjee became owner-cum-editor)
Somaprakasha (1858)CalcuttaDwarkanath VidyabhushanFirst Bengali political paper
Indian Mirror (1862)CalcuttaDevendranath TagoreFortnightly-first Indian daily paper in English
Bengalee (1862)CalcuttaGirishchandra Ghosh (taken over by S.N. Banerjee in 1879)This along with Amrita Bazar Patrika are the first vernacular paper
National Paper (1865)CalcuttaDevendranath Tagore
Madras Mail (1868)MadrasFirst evening paper in India
Amrita Bazar Patrika (1868)Jessore DistrictSisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal GhoshA daily, initially in Bengali but later converted to English.
Bangadarshan (1873)CalcuttaBankimchandra ChatterjiIt was in Bengali
Indian Statesman (1875)CalcuttaStarted by Robert KnightLater It was called as The Statesman.
Pioneer (1876)AllahabadGeorge AllenIn English
Deenbandhu (1877)PuneKrishnarao Pandurang Bhalekarfirst newspaper in India to cater explicitly to the labouring people
The Hindu (1878)MadrasG.S. Aiyar, Viraraghavachari and
Subba Rao Pandit
Started as English weekly newspaper
Tribune ( 1881)LahoreDayal Singh MajeetiaA daily newspaper
Kesari (1881)BombayTilak, Chiplukar, AgarkarMarathi daily
Maharatta (1881)BombayTilak, Chiplukar, AgarkarEnglish weekly
SwadeshamitramMadrasG.S.AiyarA Tamil paper
Paridasak (1886)Bipin Chandra PalA weekly
Yugantar (1906)BengalBarindra Kumar Gosh and Bhupendranath Dutta
Sandhya (1906)BengalBrahmabandhab Upadhyay
Kal (1906)Maharashtra
Indian Sociologist (1908)LondonShyamji KrishnavarmaStarted as part of freedom
struggle in other country.
Bande Mataram (1909)ParisMadam Bhikaji Cama
Talvar (1909)BerlinVirendranath Chattopadhyay
Free Hindustan (1907)VancouverTaraknath DasEnglish version
Ghadar (1913)San FranciscoGadar partyIn Punjabi and English
Reshwa (1908)Ajit Singh
Al-Hilal (1912)CalcuttaAbul Kalam AzadUrdu
Al-Balagh (1914)CalcuttaAbul Kalam AzadUrdu
Bombay Chronicle (1913)BombayPherozeshah Mehta
Commonweal (1914)MadrasAnnie Besanta weekly newspaper
Independent (1919)Motilal NehruAn English weekly
Young India (1919)AhmedabadMahatma GandhiIn English
Satya (1919)Mahatma Gandhi
Navjivan (1919)AhmedabadMahatma GandhiIn Gujarati
HarijanPuneMahatma GandhiIn Hindi and Gujarati
The Hindustan Times (1920)DelhiK.M. PanikkarFounded as part of Akali Dal Movement
The Milap (1923)LahoreM.K. ChandUrdu daily
Leader (1924)AllahabadMadan Mohan MalaviyaIt was in English
Kirti (1926)PunjabSantosh singh
Bahishkrit Bharat (1927)BombayB. R. AmbedkarA Marathi fortnightly
Kudi Arasu (1910)MadrasE.V. Ramaswamy NaickerTamil Paper
Kranti (1927)MaharashtraS.S. Mirajkar, K.N.Joglekar,
Langal and Ganabani (1927)BengalGopu Chakravarti and Dharani
Bandi Jivan (1922)BengalSachindranath Sanyal
National Herald (1938)New DelhiJawaharlal NehruA daily newspaper

Notify of
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

you naild it bhaiya ji