There are 448* articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices with more than 100 amendments in the Indian Constitution. Not every article of the Indian Constitution is a must to know for UPSC Exams. Hence, List of Important Articles of Indian Constitution from the IAS exam perspective are given below:

Article 1 – Article 4 (Part 1)
  • Article 1 – Name and territory of the union
  • Article 2 – Admission and establishment of the new state
  • Article 3 – Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and name of existing states
Article 5 – Article 11 (Part 2)
  • Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution
  • Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan
  • Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship
  • Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law
Article 12 – Article 35 (Part 3)
  • Article 12 – Definition of the state
  • Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
Right to Equality: Article 14 to Article 18
  • Article 14 – Equality before the law
  • Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth
  • Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
  • Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability
  • Article 18 – Abolition of titles
Right to Freedom: Article 19 to Article 22
  • Article 19 – Guarantees the six rights to citizens of India
    • Freedom of speech and expression
    • Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms
    • Freedom to form associations or unions
    • Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India
    • Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India
    • Omitted
    • Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
  • Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offenses
  • Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty
  • Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
Right against Exploitation: Article 23 to Article 24
  • Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor
  • Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of children (Under the age of 14) in factories and mines
Right to Freedom of Religion: Article 25 to Article 28
  • Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
  • Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs
  • Article 27 – Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion
  • Article 28 – Freedom from attending religious instruction
Cultural and Educational Rights: Article 29 to Article 30
  • Article 29 – Protection of interest of minorities
  • Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
Right to Constitutional Remedies: Article 32
  • Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights
Directive Principal of States Policy: Article 36 – 51 (Part 4)
  • Article 36 – Definition
  • Article 37 – Application of DPSP
  • Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid
  • Article 40 – Organization of a village panchayat
  • Article 41 – Right to work, to education, and to public assistance in certain cases
  • Article 43 – Living Wages, etc. for Workers
  • Article 43A – Participation of workers in management of industries
  • Article 44 – Uniform civil code ( applicable in Goa only)
  • Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children
  • Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes, ST, and OBC
  • Article 47 – Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health
  • Article 48 – Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry
  • Article 49 – Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance
  • Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive
  • Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security
Fundamental Duties: Article 51A (Part 4A)
  • Earlier there were 10 Fundamental Duties but after 86th Amendment Act 2002 it became 11 Duties.
Union: Article 52 – 151 (Part 5)
  • Article 52 – The President of India
  • Article 53 – Executive Power of the union
  • Article 54 – Election of President
  • Article 61 – Procedure for Impeachment of the President
  • Article 63 – The Vice-president of India
  • Article 64 – The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman the council of States
  • Article 66 – Election of Vice-president
  • Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President
  • Article 74 – Council of ministers to aid and advise President
  • Article 76 – Attorney-General for India
  • Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament
  • Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha
  • Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha
  • Article 83 – Duration of Houses of Parliament
  • Article 93 – The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people
  • Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
  • Article 108 Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases.
  • Article 109 – Special procedure in respects of money bills
  • Article 110 – Definition of “Money Bills”
  • Article 112 – Annual Financial Budget
  • Article 114 – Appropriation Bills
  • Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament
  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court
  • Article 125 – Salaries of Judges
  • Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice
  • Article 127 – Appointment of ad-hoc judges
  • Article 128 – Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court
  • Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record
  • Article 130 – Seat of the Supreme Court
  • Article 136 – Special leaves for an appeal to the Supreme Court
  • Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court
  • Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts
  • Article 142 – Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and unless as to discovery, etc.
  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor- General of India
  • Article 149 – Duties and Powers of CAG
States: Article 152 – 237 (Part 6)
  • Article 153 – Governors of State
  • Article 154 – Executive Powers of Governor
  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor
  • Article 165 – Advocate-General of the State
  • Article 213 – Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
  • Article 214 – High Courts for states
  • Article 215 – High Courts to be a court of record
  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
  • Article 233 – Appointment of District judges
  • Article 235 – Control over Subordinate Courts
Repealed: Article 238 (Part 7)
Union Territories: Article 239 – 242 (Part 8)
Panchayats: Article 243 – 243O (Part 9)
  • Article 243A – Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats
Municipalities: Article 243P – 243ZG (Part 9A)
Co-operative Societies: Article 243ZH – 243ZT (Part 9B)
Scheduled and Tribal Areas: Article 244 (Part 10)

Center-State Relations: Article 245 – 263 (Part 11)
Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits: Article 264 – 300A (Part 12)
  • Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India
  • Article 280 – Finance Commission
  • Article 300-A – Right to property
Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territories of India: Article 301 – 307 (Part 13)
  • Article 301 – Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse.
  • Article 302 – Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.
Services Under Center and State: Article 308 – 323 (Part 14)
  • Article 312 – All-India-Service.
  • Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and for the states
  • Article 320 – Functions of Public Service Commission.
Tribunals: Article 323A – 323B (Part 14A)
  • Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals
Elections: Article 324 – 329 (Part 15)
  • Article 324 – Superintendence, direction and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
  • Article 325 – No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex.
  • Article 326 – Elections to the house of the people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage.
Special Provisions to SC, ST, OBC, Minorities etc.: Article 330 – 342 (Part 16)
  • Article 338 – National Commission for the SC, & ST.
  • Article 340 – Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.
Official Language: Article 343 – 351 (Part 17)
  • Article 343 – Official languages of the Union.
  • Article 345 – Official languages or languages of states.
  • Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.
  • Article 351 – Directive for development of the Hindi languages.
Emergency: Article 352 – 360 (Part 18)
  • Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency ( National Emergency).
  • Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule)
  • Article 360 – Financial Emergency
Miscellaneous: Article 361 – 367 (Part 19)
  • Article 361- Protection of President and Governors
Amendment of Constitution: Article 368 (Part 20)
  • Article 368 – Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution

Special, Transitional and Temporary Provisions: Article 369 – 392 (Part 21)
  • Article 370 – Special provision of J&K.
  • Article 371A – Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
  • Article 371-J – Special Status for Hyderabad-Karnataka region
Short Text, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals : Article 392 – 395 (Part 22)
  • Article 393 – Short title – This Constitution may be called the Constitution of India.

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