Q. The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where

  • warm and cold atmospheric currents meet
  • rivers drain out large amounts of fresh water into the sea
  • warm and cold oceanic currents meet
  • continental shelf is undulating

Answer: (c) warm and cold oceanic currents meet

Notes:

  • The most important fishing grounds in the world are located in shallow water close to the land where there is the mixing of cold and warm currents from different regions.
  • The major fishing grounds on earth comprise
    • the seas north of Japan where the warm Kuroshio Current meets the cold Kamchatka Current;
    • the Grand Banks off Newfoundland where the North Atlantic Drift encounters the cold Labrador Current; and
    • the sea around Iceland where the North Atlantic Drift meets the East Greenland Current.
gyres ocean currents world map