Political Science Optional topic wise Questions-UPSC (PDF)

In this article, You can read some Political Science Optional topic wise Questions and You can also download Political Science Optional topic wise Question Papers with the last 7 years Question Papers for UPSC (PDF).

The analysis of previous year papers suggests that more than 90% of questions are asked from just 75% of the total PSIR syllabus. This highlights the importance this PDF book carries in PSIR preparation. We are very glad to present you with an ebook that can completely transform the way you prepare for your optional.

Political Science Optional – Paper I and Paper II (Syllabus)

Paper – 1 : Political Theory and Indian Politics

Political Theory

1. Political theory meaning and approaches

2. Theories of the state: Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.

3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.

4. Equality: Social, political and economic relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.

5. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.

6. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy’ representative, participatory and deliberative.

7. Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.

8. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.

9. Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, S r i Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar,M.N. Roy .

10. Western Political Thought :Plato ,Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John,S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

Indian Government and Politics

1.Indian Nationalism: a. Political Strategies of India’s Freedom struggle : constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience ; millitant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
b. Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.

2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.

3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.

4. a. Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
b. Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.

5. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.

6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Comission for scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.

7. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.

8. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.

9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.

10. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.

11. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements

Paper – 2 : Comparative Politics and International Relations

Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics

1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.

2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.

3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.

4. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.

5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.

6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.

7. Changing International Political Order:
a. Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
b. Non-al igned movement : Aims and achievements;
c. Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.

8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.

9. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.

10. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.

11. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.

India and the World:

1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current role

3. India and South Asia:
a. Regional Co-operation: SAARC’ past performance and future prospects.
b. South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
c. India’s “Look East” policy.
d. Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.

4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.

5. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.

6. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.

7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.

8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq, and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

Political Science Optional topic wise Questions

1. Political Theory – Meaning and Approaches

  1. Comment on: Resurgence of political theory. (2019)
  2. Comment on: Decline of Political Theory. (2018)
  3. Comment on: The Post-Behavioural Approach. (2016)
  4. Comment on: ” … political theory is not an escape mechanism but an arduous calling.” (John Plamanetz) (2014)
  5. Difference between normative and empirical theories of politics. (2012)
  6. Examine the significance of the behavioural revolution in politics. (2011)
  7. Comment on: Political Theory is, quite simply, man’s attempt to consciously understand and solve the problems of his group life and organization. It is the disciplined investigation of political problems. Not only to show what a political practice is, but also to show what it means. In showing what practice means, or what it ought to mean, political theory can alter what it is (Sabine). (2009)
  8. Explain the changing analytical perspectives in the development of political theory. (2008)
  9. What is the nature of the crisis in political theory? Suggest remedies to overcome it. (2004)
  10. Examine the arguments in the Normative vs. Empirical debate in the study of political theory. (2002)
  11. Comment on: Relevance of contextualist approach to the study of political theory. (2001)
  12. Post-behaviouralism is not a negation of the behavioural revolution but only its corrective. How does it seeks to raise the status of the discipline of political science? (2000)

2. Theories of the State

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