• Shyamji Krishna Varma was born on 4th October, 1857 in Mandvi town of Kachchh district of Gujarat. Shyamji Krishna Varma (1857 – 1930) was an Indian freedom fighter, lawyer and journalist.
  • He was an expert in Sanskrit and other languages.
    • His deep knowledge of the Sanskrit language caught the attention of Monier Williams, a professor of the subject in Oxford University.
  • He was inspired by Bal Gangadhar TilakSwami Dayanand Saraswati and Herbert Spencer.
  • He founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.
    • Indian Home Rule Society (IHRS): It was an Indian organisation founded in London in 1905 that sought to promote the cause of self-rule in British India. The organisation was founded by Shyamji Krishna Varma, with support from Bhikaji Cama, Dadabhai Naoroji and S.R. Rana.
    • India House: He founded India House in London. It was a student residence that existed between 1905 and 1910 which was opened to promote nationalist views among Indian students in Britain.
    • The Indian Sociologist: He founded Indian Sociologist in London. The monthly Indian Sociologist became an outlet for nationalist ideas.
  • Shyamji Krishna Varma became the first President of Bombay Arya Samaj. He inspired Veer Savarkar who was a member of India House in London. Verma also served as the Divan of a number of states in India.
    • Swami Dayanand Saraswati was the founder of the Hindu reform organisation Arya Samaj.
  • He was a barrister in London, when in 1905, he was barred from practising law by the Inner Temple following charges of sedition for writing against the colonial government.
    • The move was significant as the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple is one of the four professional associations for barristers and judges in London.
    • He was posthumously reinstated by the Inner Temple in 2015 after the Inn’s governing council noted that Varma “did not receive an entirely fair hearing”.
  • In the face of criticism by the British, Varma shifted his base from England to Paris and continued his movement.
  • After the outbreak of the First World War (1914-18), however, he moved to Geneva in Switzerland and spent the rest of his life there. He died on 30th March, 1930.
shyamji krishna varma

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