Geomorphology notes for Geography Optional UPSC

Geomorphology notes for Geography Optional

Hey Dosto, In this blog post we will discuss How to approach Geomorphology for Geography Optional. I will tell you how to start your preparation from scratch, what are important topics, booklist, and micro topic analysis as well.

In the previous blog post, we have discussed almost every aspect of Geography Optional Preparation that’s why if you haven’t read that article so please read it “Geography Optional UPSC: The Ultimate Guide”

In geomorphology, we have taken two reference book

  • Geomorphology by Savindra Singh
  • Physical geography by Savindra Singh

First of all, some important points to always remember throughout your preparation-

  • Read the Syllabus thoroughly and by heart the syllabus, it will be the lighthouse of your preparation.
  • Read any topic from 2-3 sources i.e NCERT, Reference Book, our Articles, that’s all, and then revise it multiple times (at least 8 times)
  • After completing the topic from the syllabus refer to the questions from the previous years and try to frame answers.
  • Don’t make notes fro every topic as It will be time-consuming. Prepare self notes for only those topics which you find very difficult to comprehend. 
  • For Paper 1, do a special focus on Human Geography.
  • For Paper 2, make small bullet point notes for often repeated topics from standard sources.
  • Prepare region-wise maps of India from standard books in which all aspects of a region are covered like terrain, drainage, resources, agriculture, industries, etc. Basically, this is the regional approach to study geography which can be adopted for Paper 2.
  • Always try to link the subject matter of Paper 1 and Paper 2. For example, read Climatology, Population and Settlement Geography, Regional Development and Planning, etc together for both papers and use examples from one paper in the other while writing answers.
  • Practice your answer writing in “UPSC Size loose sheets”, please don’t use your resister or rough copy.
  • Always practice answer writing within the time limit as per UPSC.
  • Develop your own model answer for each previous year’s questions.

Hey Dosto, Do you want someone to tell you that what are the complete topics from Savindra Singh’s book which we should read. Don’t worry I am here for you, but one thing always remembers that this is my point of view to highlight these topics, use your own consciousness(sense) as well.

Topics which you should read from Physical Geography by Savindra Singh

Here are the important topics from Physical Geography by Savindra Singh-

  • Chapter-2 “Origin of Earth”
  • Chapter-7 “Earth’s Movement”
  • Chapter-8 “Rocks”
  • Chapter-10 “Earthquakes”
  • Chapter-12 “Earthquakes”
  • Chapter-12 “Plateau”
  • Chapter-13 “Plains”
  • Chapter-14 “Lakes”
  • Chapter-18 “Running water(River) and Fluvial Landforms”
  • Chapter-19 “Groundwater and Karst Topography
  • Chapter-20 “Sea waves and coastal Landforms”
  • Chapter-21 “Wind and Aeolian Landforms”
  • Chapter-22 “Glaciers and Glaciated Topography”

geomorphology important topics geomorphology important topics geomorphology important topics geomorphology important topics geomorphology important topics

Topics which you should read from Geomorphology by Savindra Singh

Here are the important topics from Geomorphology by Savindra Singh-

  • Chapter-5 “Constitution of earth interior”
  • Chapter-6 “Continents and oceans”
  • Chapter-7 “Theory of Isostasy”
  • Chapter-11 “Plate tectonics”
  • Chapter-12 “Vulcanicity and Landforms”
  • Chapter-13 “Mountain Building”
  • Chapter-14 “Weathering and Massmovement”
  • Chapter-15 “Hillslope”
  • Chapter-16 “Cycle of Erosion, Rejuvenation, and Polycyclic Reliefs”
  • Chapter-17 “Denudation Chronology, Erosion surfaces and Peneplains”
  • Chapter-21 “Channel Morphology”
  • Chapter-27 “Periglacial Geomorphology”
  • Chapter-29 “Applied Geomorphology”

Geomorphology by Savindra Singh Geomorphology by Savindra Singh

Geomorphology by Savindra Singh Geomorphology by Savindra Singh

Note: Read all the chapters which we have written from both Books (i.e. Geomorphology by Savindra Singh, Physical geography by Savindra Singh) and use your own consciousness as well

Now we are going to show you previous year question paper of Geomorphology –

Geomorphology questions

Geomorphology questions

Geomorphology questions

Now we are going to show you Micro Topics Analysis of Geomorphology for your convenience in UPSC preparation.

Micro Topics Analysis: Geomorphology for Geography Optional

Note: Start your Preparation from 1. (Origin of Universe and Earth) hereinafter 2., 3., 4., 5., and so on…

1. Origin of Universe and Earth

  1. Universe
    1. Basic information
    2. Galaxy
    3. Stars
      1. Birth to Death
      2. Constellations
      3. Sun
    4. Planets(Detailed information)
    5. Moon
    6. Asteroids, Meteoroids, Comets
  2. Earth
    1. Origin of earth
    2. Important statics about Earth
    3. Size and Shape
    4. Motion
      1. Rotation
      2. Revolution
    5. Longitudes and Latitudes
    6. Eclipses
      1. Solar
      2. Lunar
    7. Evolution and Composition of earth
    8. Movement
      1. Volcanism
      2. Earthquakes
    9. Minerals
    10. Rocks
      1. Igneous
      2. Sedimentary
      3. Metamorphic
    11. Landforms
      1. Mountain
      2. Plateau
      3. Plains
      4. Fluvial
  3. Theories of origin of the earth
    1. The gaseous hypothesis of Kant
    2. Nebular hypothesis of Laplace
    3. The planetesimal hypothesis of Chamberlin
    4. Jean and Jeffery’s tidal theory
    5. Russel’s Binary Star Hypothesis
    6. Hoyle’s supernova hypothesis hypothesis
    7. Schmidt’s interstellar hypothesis
    8. Big bang Theory (important)

2. Geological time scale

  1. Pre-Cambrian
  2. Paleozoic
  3. Mesozoic
  4. Cenozoic

3. Earth’s Interior

  1. Interior of the earth (overview)
  2. Sources to study of earth’s interior
  3. Earth’s Layers
    1. Core
    2. Mental
    3. Asthenosphere
    4. Crust
  4. Chemical Composition of earth
  5. Seismic Discontinuities on Earth’s Layer

4. Seismic waves and study of Earth

  1. Seismic waves (overview)
  2. Earthquake waves
  3. The behavior of earthquake waves
  4. Primary waves (P-waves)
  5. Secondary waves (S-waves)
  6. Surface waves (L-waves)
  7. Analysis

5. Origin and Evolution of Earth and Related theories

  1. Continental Drift
  2. Convection current and seafloor Spreading
  3. Plate tectonics

6. Earthquake

  1. Overview
  2. The terminology used in the study of Earthquakes
    1. Earthquake Intensity
    2. Earthquake magnitude
    3. Richter Scale
    4. Mercalli Scale
    5. Fault
    6. Focus and Epicenter
    7. Seismic wave
    8. Seismograph
  3. Continental plates
  4. Plate Boundaries
    1. Divergent
    2. Convergent
    3. Transform
  5. Distribution of Earthquakes
  6. Classification of Earthquakes
  7. Addressing the Hazard

7. Tsunami

  1.  Overview
  2. Causes of Tsunami
    1. Earthquake
    2. Landslides
    3. Undersea Volcanoes
    4. Meteors, Asteroids
    5. Anthropogenic factors
  3. Course of Tsunami
  4. Tsunami Propagation
  5. Tsunami early warning system

8. Volcanoes

  1. Overview
  2. Magma
  3. Parts of Volcanoes
  4. Volcanoes formation hotspots
  5. Global distribution of Volcanoes
  6. Classification of Volcanoes
    1. On the basis of periodicity
    2. On the basis of the intensity
    3. On the basis of composition
  7. Geysers, Fumaroles, and Hot Springs
  8. Types of Volcanoes
    1. Active Volcano
    2. Dormant Volcano
    3. Extinct Volcano
  9. Volcanic Landforms
    1. Extrusive
    2. Intrusive

9. Rocks and Rock Cycle

  1. Overview
  2. Minerals and its type
  3. Rocks
  4. Classification of Rocks
    1. Sedimentary Rocks
    2. Metamorphic Rocks
    3. Igneous Rocks
  5. The Rock Cycle

10. Earth movements

  1. Endogenetic
    1. Diastrophism
    2. Sudden movements
  2. Exogenetic
    1. Weathering
    2. Erosion

11. Landforms

  1. Mountains, Plateaus, Plains
  2. River landform
  3. Glacial landform
  4. Desert landform
  5. Coastal landform
  6. Limestone or Karst landform

12. Type of Lakes

  1. Overview
  2. Lakes formed by earth movement
    1. Tectonic lakes
    2. Rift valley lakes
  3. Lakes formed by Glaciation
    1. Cirque lakes
    2. Kettle lakes
  4. Lakes formed by Glaciation
    1. Rock hollow lakes
    2. Lakes formed due to Moraine damming of Valleys
    3. Lakes formed due to deposition of glacial drifts
  5. Lakes formed by volcanic activity
    1. Crater & Caldera Lakes
    2. Lava blocked lakes
    3. Lakes formed due to subsidence of the volcanic land surface
  6. Lakes formed by erosion
    1. Karst lakes
    2. Wind deflated lakes
  7. Lakes formed by deposition
    1. Due to river deposits
    2. Due to marine deposits
  8. Lakes formed by Human and Biological activities
    1. Man-made lakes
    2. Lakes made by Animals
    3. Other

After reading these chapters, you are able to use your own sense and jump on the question paper and syllabus and focus more on those topics which are coming in the UPSC exam.


Sharing is caring!