Biogeography

Biogeography

Major Gene Pool Centres – UPSC (Biogeography)

In this article, You will read Major Gene Pool Centres for UPSC (Biogeography Notes). Gene: The gene is the basic physical unit of inheritance. Genes are passed from parents to offspring and contain the information needed to specify traits. Genes are arranged, one after another, on structures called chromosomes. A chromosome contains a single, long …

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Wildlife, Problems of Wildlife & Wildlife Conservation

Wildlife, Problems of Wildlife & Wildlife Conservation – UPSC

IN this article, You will read about Wildlife, Problems of Wildlife, and Wildlife Conservation for UPSC(Biogeography). Wildlife Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans. Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. …

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World distribution of Plants and Animals – UPSC

In this article, You will read World distribution of Plants and Animals for UPSC (Biogeography). The distribution of plant and animal species is a key topic in biogeography, the study of the relationship between geography and living things. While every species is unique, all are in some way impacted by the landforms, resources, and climates they’re …

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Factors Influencing World Distribution of Plants and Animals – UPSC

In this article, You will read Factors Influencing World Distribution of Plants and Animals for UPSC (Biogeography Notes). There are diversities in species in plants and animals. Plants and animals are Terrestrial and Aquatic. Diversities of plants and animals are found from the Equator to Pole, and from Foothills to Mountain Top. Factors Influencing World …

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Social Forestry

Social Forestry and Agroforestry – UPSC (Biogeography)

In this article, You will read Social Forestry and Agroforestry for UPSC (Biogeography Notes). Social Forestry Social forestry is the management and development of forests with afforestation on barrenlands to achieve environmental benefit and rural development. The term was first used by National Commission on Agriculture, Government of India, in 1976. It was then that …

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Deforestation

Problems of Deforestation and Conservation measures – UPSC

In this article, You will read about the Problems of Deforestation and Conservation measures for UPSC (Biogeography). Forests are ecological as well as socio-economic resources. Forests have to be managed judiciously not only because they are the source of various products and industrial raw materials but also for environmental protection and various services they provide. …

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Soil Erosion

Soil Erosion, Degradation, and Conservation – UPSC

In this article, You will read Soil Erosion, Land Degradation, and Soil Conservation for UPSC (Biogeography). Soil erosion and land degradation together, constitute one of the major problems that disturb the ecological balance of the world. The rapid increase in human population has placed a great strain on the land and soil resources resulting in …

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Soil Classification: Distribution of Soil in World – UPSC

In this article, You will read Soil Classification, and Distribution of Soils in the World for UPSC (Biogeography). Soil Classification It is very difficult to achieve a classification of soils that is both meaningful to the geographer and at the same time an accurate reflection of all soil types and gradations. Two main types of …

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Soil Profile (Soil Horizons) – Biogeography UPSC

In this article, You will read Soil Profile (Soil Horizons) for UPSC (Biogeography). The soil is the topmost layer of the earth’s crust mainly composed of organic minerals and rock particles that support life. A soil profile is a vertical cross-section of the soil, made of layers running parallel to the surface. These layers are …

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Properties of Soil: Physical, Chemical & Biological – UPSC

In this article, You will read Soil Characteristics i.e. Properties of Soil – Physical, Chemical, and Biological for UPSC (Biogeography). Soil is the upper weathered layer of the Earth’s crust affected by plants and animals. A vertical section through this zone constitutes a soil profile; in each soil profile, there are usually several distinguishable layers …

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Soil Genesis: Formation of Soil – Biogeography UPSC

In this article, You will read the Soil Genesis i.e. Formation of Soil for Geography Optional UPSC (Biogeography). Soil formation is a complicated natural process of soil origination from mountain rock under the effects of the soil-forming factors in natural or anthropogenic ecosystems of the Earth. Soil formation is a global biospheric process, and as …

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